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Difference Between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics

economics_bookMicroeconomics vs Macroeconomics

There are differences between microeconomics and macroeconomics, although, at times, it may be hard to separate the functions of the two. First and foremost, both of these terms mentioned are sub-categories of economics itself. As the names of ‘micro’ and ‘macro’ imply, microeconomics facilitates decisions of smaller business sectors, and macroeconomics focuses on entire economies and industries. These two economies are mutually dependent, and together, they develop the strategy for the overall growth of an organization. They are the two most important fields in economics, and are necessary for the rise in the economy.

Microeconomics focuses on the market’s supply and demand factors, that determine the economy’s price levels. In other words, microeconomics concentrates on the ‘ups’ and ‘downs’ of the markets for services and goods, and how the price affects the growth of these markets. An important aspect of this economy, is also to examine market failure, i.e. when the markets do not provide effectual results. In our present time, microeconomics has become one of the most important strategies in business and economics. Its main importance is to analyze the economy forces, consumer behavior, and methods of determining the supply and demand of the market.

On the other hand, macroeconomics studies similar concepts, but with a much broader approach. The focus of macroeconomics is basically on a country’s income, and the position of foreign trades, with the study of unemployment rates, GDP and price indices. Macroeconomists are often found to make different types of models, and relationships, between factors such as output, national income, unemployment, consumption, savings, inflation, international trade, investment, and international finances. Overall, macroeconomics is a vast field that concentrates on two areas, economic growth and changes in the national income.

Governments make policy changes to avoid different types of economic distress, as they know how to steady the economy. This is one of the best approaches to stabilize and ensure the growth of the nation’s economy. Therefore, macroeconomics maintains two strategies:

Fiscal Policy: The most important aspect of fiscal policy is taxation and government spending, where the government will focus of the collecting of revenue to empower the economy. This can create a solid impact on the economic growth.

Monetary Policy: This policy controls the monetary authority, central bank, or government of a country, and focuses on the availability and supply of money and interest rates, in order to sustain the growth of the economy.


Microeconomics and macroeconomics are important studies within economics, that are essential to sustain the overall growth and standard of the economy. While the two studies are different, with microeconomics focusing on the smaller business sectors, and macroeconomics focusing on the larger income of the nation, they are interdependent, and work in harmony with each other. The main differences are:

1.Microeconomics focuses on the market’s supply and demand factors, and determines the economic price levels.

2.Macroeconomics is a vast field, which concentrates on two major areas, increasing economic growth and changes in the national income.

3.Microeconomics facilitates decision making for smaller business sectors.

4.Macroeconomics focuses on unemployment rates, GDP and price indices, of larger industries and entire economies.

Microeconomics and macroeconomics are the fundamental tools to be learnt, in order to understand how the economic system is administered, and sustained.

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  11. thank you for the differences.but could help me get the similarities

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