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Difference Between Argument and Explanation

argumentArgument vs Explanation

If you want to communicate with someone in order to get your point across, you will probably end up using many definitive statements backed up by factual statements. These statements can be based on observation, established facts, or proofs. Without even consciously thinking about it, we are always using this methodology in our conversations. These conversations are therefore riddled with arguments and explanations. While the two terms are often erroneously used interchangeably and explanations can be used to bolster arguments, there are many differences between arguments and explanations.

Definition of an Argument and an Explanation
Argument ‘“ has a number of different definitions. Essentially, it is a line of logic that is presented in order to support the veracity of a statement. Argument has combative connotations, but an argument does not have to be belligerent.
Explanation – is used to clarify and explicate a statement. Its aim is to make the listener understand the statement rather than persuade him to accept a certain point of view.

Example of an Argument and an Explanation
Argument ‘“ one person wants to convince the other person that it is going to snow tomorrow. He will cite predictions from the weather station, as well as the clouds visible on the horizon, the damp chill in the air, and the squirrels furiously hiding their nuts.
Explanation ‘“ one both people agree is it going to snow tomorrow because, they say, there is a cold front coming in and the air feels damp.
In both cases, the example of snow is used, but note that the argument is trying to convince someone of the truth of their statement, whereas with the explanation, it is not a matter of if the statement is true, but why it is true.

Uses of Arguments and Explanations
Arguments ‘“ arguments are used in a variety of professional and academic applications. For instance, a debate club will take on both sides of an argument and strive to prove each one is right. Arguments are also used by lawyers to convince the jury of the defendant’s guilt or innocence. Diplomats will approach a negotiating table with a certain argument in mind. Entrepreneurs will present potential backers with an argument in support of their business model.
Explanations ‘“ are used all the time in the classroom to put across new items to students. Giving directions is a form of explanation. You will also find explanations included with most new purchases, especially those with some assembly required. When the aforementioned entrepreneur is presenting an argument about his business model, he may be asked to explain how it all works.

1.Arguments and explanations are both used to get the point across when speaking or writing.
2.Arguments are persuasive and seek to make people understand that something is true, whereas explanations start with the assumption of truthfulness and tell why or how the statement has come into being.
3.Both arguments and explanations have wide application in education and business, but arguments are used for persuasion and explanations are used for clarification.

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