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Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Language Teaching and Learning

Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Language Teaching and Learning

Inductive vs. Deductive Language Teaching and Learning

Inductive and deductive language teaching and learning are very important in education. They are two distinct and opposing instructional and learning methods or approaches. Both require the presence of a teacher/instructor and a student/learner. The biggest differences between the two methods are the focus and flow of information as well as the roles of the teacher and student.

Inductive teaching and learning means that the direction of the flow of information is from specific to general. In terms of teaching, the lesson is started with activities or experiments. It is mostly focused on the students and their capacities and abilities, rather than on the teacher.

There are many advantages of inductive teaching and learning; knowledge is acquired naturally by exposure, and students are encouraged to utilize their reasoning skills, prior knowledge, intelligence, and mental focus. This method also measures how a student makes connections based on the information presented.

Since inductive teaching and learning involves the student’s perspective, it is easier for the student to learn the concept. Concepts under this method can be personalized and easily remembered and understood. This is a method of discovery and can be time consuming as well as demanding of a student’s imagination and creativity. Inductive teaching is perfectly suited for a small group of students with a competent and experienced teacher who knows how to make adjustments throughout the lesson.

The counterpart of inductive teaching and learning is deductive teaching and learning. In this method, the role of the teacher is prominent as he/she is the person who gives and disseminates all information. The flow of information in this method is from general to specific. The deductive method is the traditional method of teaching and learning. Knowledge is taken from a general reference or source and then communicated to the learner.

The usual flow of information begins with the concept’s introduction and presentation followed by activities. Information is based on facts, statements, and pre-determined logic. The method is easy to apply, leaves little room for mistakes, and the information being taught is valid. There is also a clear and defined scope; the method requires little preparation on the part the teacher.

However, deductive teaching also has its disadvantages, which include a very structural and predictable flow. This method also leaves little room for interaction, which makes is most effective for larger groups of students. In terms of application in language, both methods are applied in different language modes, concepts, and instances. For example, the inductive method is applied in developing a story or work. On the other hand, the deductive method can be useful in explaining literary work.

Summary:

1.Deductive and inductive methods of teaching and learning differ in many aspects.
2. In inductive learning, the flow of information is from specific to general, and it is more focused on the student.
3.On the other hand, the deductive method’s information flow moves from general to specific, and it is more focused on the teacher.
4.The deductive method introduces a concept and its process before applying it in a test or activity. Meanwhile, in the inductive method, the activity or test is introduced first before a discussion of the concept is initiated.
5.The deductive method is used in a large classroom setting, while the inductive method is effective when used on small groups of students.
6.The deductive method is traditional, structured, and predictable, while the inductive method is personalized, and the concepts are easily remembered and understood.
7.The deductive method is a method of verification where information comes from a specific source and is delivered to students directly, while the inductive method is an approach of discovery and relies on a student’s perspective or understanding of a concept.


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1 Comment

  1. Please can make it in table form

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