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Difference Between Resource Conservation and Sustainable Development

Difference between Resource Conservation and Sustainable Development 

When devising plans for environmental sustainability, it is crucial to consider both resource conservation and sustainable development. The former involves minimizing resource usage, while the latter focuses on meeting present needs without affecting and compromising the ability of future generations to meet their requirements. These concepts are crucial for protecting and conserving the environment, as making conscientious choices about resource utilization is of utmost importance.


Conserving resources promotes sustainable developmentSustainable development means balancing the requirement to utilize resources and conserve them for the future.

Resource Conservation

Resource conservation means the planned utilization of natural resources (air, soil, water, minerals, fuels, plants) to optimize their utility. These natural resources are replenishable but need to be utilized wisely and given time to get renewed. 

Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is an organizing principle that involves meeting the requirements of the present mankind generations enabling the natural ecosystem services to mankind without compromising the requirements of the future generations. 

Difference between Resource Conservation and Sustainable Development


Resource Conservation

Efficient use of natural resources and enhancement by agronomic management.

Sustainable Development

The concept of sustainable development entails that human societies should aim to fulfill their requirements without jeopardizing the capacity of future generations to fulfill their own requirements.


Resource Conservation

Resource conservation is mostly focused on efficiency 

Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is focused on equity.


Resource Conservation

  • Establish tiny ecological footprints
  • Bring down dependence on the natural resources
  • Preservation of the Biological Ecosystems
  • Create awareness among the generations
  • Reduction in Energy Cost
  • Disaster management for unpredictable catastrophes
  • Conservation of resources and prevention of depletion 

Sustainable Development

  • It helps in ensuring a better life for present and future generations
  • Efficient utilization of resources and high recycling percentage
  • Lowers the effect on the environment by bringing down air, water, and soil pollution
  • Safe, healthy, quality lives for planet and people
  • Contributes to long-term economic growth


The points of difference between Resource conservation and Sustainable development have been summarized as below:


What is the difference between resource conservation and sustainable development?

Sustainable development is a plan that focuses on using natural resources in a limited manner while making the most of renewable resources without causing any harm to the environment or future requirements. Wind energy and recycled water are some examples of this approach. In contrast, resource conservation involves safeguarding natural resource reserves by opting for alternative resources that have been artificially altered or engineered instead of natural ones. This is done to protect the essence and history of the region. Biogas and pre-engineered materials are examples of such alternative resources.

What is the difference between of environmental conservation and sustainable development?

The goal of environmental conservation is to preserve and restore a healthy natural environment. Sustainable development involves pursuing economic, social, and environmental goals in order to achieve fair and lasting growth that benefits both present and future generations. 

What do you mean by resources conservation and sustainable development?

Resource conservation refers to the careful use of resources and allowing sufficient time for their renewal. Sustainable development involves striking a balance between utilizing resources to meet current needs while also preserving them for future generations. 

What is the relationship between resource and sustainable development?

The connection between resource conservation and sustainable development lies in the fact that resources are limited and must therefore be used efficiently and sustainably to ensure their continued availability. Sustainable development serves as a means to achieve this goal by promoting the optimum and long-term use of resources.

What is resource conservation in simple words?

The concept of resource conservation involves preserving and improving the resources that are vital for sustainability through effective agronomic management. An ecosystem resource like soil organic matter, which can easily be reduced without effective management, is an example of resource conservation.

What are examples of resource conservation?

  • Use of renewable energy
  • Save water
  • Resource, Recovery & Reuse
  • Avoid non-recyclable packaging

What is resource conservation and why it is important?

Resource conservation involves taking care of natural resources to ensure that they can be utilized by all living beings both present generation and the future generation. These resources, which include essential items such as food, water, air, and shelter, are crucial for our survival. Though some of these resources like small plants can be quickly replenished after utilization.

What is the importance of resource conservation?

The act of conserving natural resources is essential to ensure their sustained availability for the benefit of all living beings, both present and future. Our basic necessities, such as food, water, air, and shelter, are all derived from these resources. Although some resources, such as small plants, can be rapidly replenished after being utilized.

What is the difference between resource conservation and sustainable development class?

The concept of resource conservation is a crucial part of sustainable development. It involves conserving resources and utilizing them only, when necessary, with careful planning to optimize their use in accordance with environmental needs. Sustainable development aims to ensure that resources are utilized equally without causing harm to either the environment or the resources themselves.

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References :

[0]Abrahamse, W., & Steg, L. (2013). Social influence approaches to encourage resource conservation: A meta-analysis. Global environmental change, 23(6), 1773-1785.

[1]Oskamp, S. (1995). Resource conservation and recycling: Behavior and policy. Journal of Social Issues, 51(4), 157-177.

[2]Parris, T. M., & Kates, R. W. (2003). Characterizing and measuring sustainable development. Annual Review of environment and resources, 28(1), 559-586.

[3]Rogers, P. P., Jalal, K. F., & Boyd, J. A. (2012). An introduction to sustainable development. Earthscan.

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