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Difference Between PCOS and Endometriosis

PCOS vs Endometriosis

Women’s health is a gem among individuals around the world. A woman’s delicate condition compared to man is of utmost concern as she is heavily responsible for reproduction. Certain conditions that mostly affect women put them at serious risks. Among these are Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis.

PCOS is a condition wherein a woman’s hormones are not stabilized. The root cause sites are the ovaries. Normally, the ovary produces hormones that are essential and enough for a woman like minimal amounts of androgen. But unfortunately, ovaries of women with this condition produce more than enough hormones which pose detrimental effects to the body. Individuals with PCOS usually have excessive body hair and abnormal height and weight. Long-term effects may result in development of heart diseases and diabetes which are also largely caused by specific hormones.
Symptoms of PCOS can be easily identified as most of them manifest physically. Among these include: weight gain, acne, depression, infertility, alopecia, and excessive hair. Internally, women with PCOS may develop cysts in the ovary as defined by the term. To rule out PCOS, one must see a physician and undergo ultrasound testing.
Treatment for PCOS ranges from exercise, diet modification, and rest. Medications could also be given to combat diseases and to support pregnancy in case there is a simultaneous occurrence.
Meanwhile, endometriosis is a condition wherein there is abnormal growth of endometrial cells (which slough off from inside the uterus during menstruation) outside the uterus. Growth areas can be found in the fallopian tubes, pelvis, or worse, in the lymphatic system, liver, and brain.

A number of women in their reproductive years (25-35 years old) develop endometriosis although some develop it as early as 11. There are cases wherein symptoms do not become present. But if it does, pelvic pain is the most common symptom. Most women also become infertile and develop other symptoms.

The cause of endometriosis is unknown, but a variety of theories are being considered. One theory is retrograde menstruation (where menstrual flow is scattered to other portions of the reproductive system. Diagnosis can be made through ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), staging, and biopsy. Medical treatment may involve surgery, hormonal medications, and other supportive medications.


1.Both PCOS and endometriosis affect women. The ovary is the major target site of both conditions.

2.PCOS is a condition wherein a woman’s hormones are not stabilized while endometriosis is a condition wherein there is abnormal growth of endometrial cells outside the uterus.

3.Symptoms of PCOS can be easily identified while there are endometriosis cases wherein symptoms do not become present.

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