Audit vs Evaluation,
Assessment, and Appraisal
The terms “audit, evaluation, assessment, and appraisal” are all used in accounting. Accounting helps in running the business no matter what type of business. These terms are different activities which are used to run the business after analyzing the financial situations of a company and figuring out the cost to run it, maintain it, and expand it. All the terms are different from each other and cannot be used interchangeably.
“Audit” is to collect information or evidence relating to the reliability and integrity of the financial status of a company or sometimes collecting information about the operations of the company. The reporting that is done after examining the financial aspects and operational aspects of a business is called auditing. Audits are also carried out today for non-financial areas like safety, information systems, environmental concerns, etc.
“Evaluation” is a systematic process in which someone’s or something’s merit, significance, value, and worth are estimated against a set of particular standards. The term “evaluation” is mostly used for human enterprises like, healthcare, foundations, non-profit organizations, criminal justice, arts, etc. It is also an efficient method used for estimating the financial status of a business.
“Assessment” is one of the steps used in the risk management procedure. Risk management refers to estimating or identifying the quantitative and qualitative risks involved in a real situation or in a threat in the future. “Assessment” refers to the evaluation or estimation of the ability, nature, and quality of someone to do something and in financial terms. It is one of the steps to manage a risk depending upon the qualities of the business.
“Appraisal” is the estimation of benefits for a project or program with the help of a decision method. It also refers to the estimation of costs required for a project or program. In general, “appraisal” refers to the act of assessing someone or something. Financially it could be the financial situation and operational situation of a business.
Starting with “assessment,” it is the process by which an examiner measures how much, what is the real situation, and what should be done to manage any risks. “Evaluation” refers to the methods or processes that need to be used to achieve certain goals. “Audit” refers to the information or evidence relating to the reliability and integrity of the financial status of a company, or sometimes collecting information about the operations of the company. “Appraisal” is the estimation of benefits for a project or program with the help of a decision method. It also refers to the estimation of costs required for a project or program.