Difference Between Tamil and Hindi
Tamil vs Hindi
India is known for its diversity in its people and its culture. It also has a variety of languages spoken and written by its people to communicate with each other. Two of the most known Indian languages are Tamil and Hindi.
Both Tamil and Hindi are classified as Indian languages. They belong to the different linguistic families. Hindi is classified under the Indo-European linguistic family. It is further classified into Indo-Aryan, Central Family, Western Hindi, Khamboli, Hindustani, and Standard Hindi. On the other hand, Hindi is traditionally written in Devanagari Script.
Hindi is one of the official languages of India. The other official language is English since the implementation of Hindi as the language of governance is an on-going process. Aside from being the official language of the country, Hindi is also considered the official language of its nine states and the co-official language in other states.
As an official language of India, Hindi is taught in many areas in the country. Many Hindus abroad also speak it. This infers that there are more people or native speakers of Hindi. The latest figure is 160 million excluding those who speak Urdu.
Tamil, on the other hand, belongs with the Dravidian language and is written in the Tamil script. Tamil is one of the four Dravidian languages that also include: Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam. It is the oldest of the four languages.
In addition, Tamil also enjoys a very long history. It has been in existence for almost 2,000 years. This makes Tamil one of the oldest and longest surviving classical languages in the world.
Hindi is commonly spoken by people in the North and Central India, whereas Tamil is spoken by the people in the Indian State of Tamil and Pondicherry, an Indian Union territory. Aside from India, it is also spoken in Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, and Mauritius.
In India, Tamil is only official in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. In other areas, it is one of the minority languages as well as 1 of the 22 classified languages. In addition, Tamil enjoys the status of being the first language to be given the classical status.
In terms of numbers, many people speak Tamil. However, since it is not as widely spread, not too many people learn to speak it. According to the latest statistics, the language is spoken as a native language of 65 million people.
Tamil also refers to the people who speak the Tamil language and their culture.
- Both Tamil and Hindi are Indian languages spoken by the Hindu people. However, there are many differences between the two.
- Both languages came from different language families. Hindi came from the Indo-European linguistic family while Tamil is a descendant of the Dravidian languages. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script while Tamil uses its own distinctive script.
- Hindi enjoys the status as being one of the official languages of the country. It is also an official language in many states as well as the co-official language in the remaining states. It is widely used by the people particularly in the North and Central India. Its native speakers are more than half of the Tamil native speakers. On the other hand, Tamil also enjoys the status as an official language in the state of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. It is also spoken in other foreign countries.
- Tamil is much older compared to Hindi. It is the oldest of the Dravidian languages and one of the longest and long-lasting languages in the world. In addition, it is regarded as one of the classical languages in India.
- Aside from being a descriptive term for a distinctive language, Tamil is also referred to for the people who speak it. On the other hand, there is no counterpart for the Hindi language except for the national identity of Hindu.
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