Kannada vs Tamil
Kannada and Tamil are among the 22 national languages listed in the Constitution of the Republic of India. They are similar languages and have descended from the Dravidian family of languages.
Kannada is a South Dravidian language which is spoken by people of the Karnataka state of the Republic of India. Its alphabets are developed from the Kadamba and Chalukya scripts. These scripts are believed to be originated from the old Brahmi script. The Kannada language has resemblances to the Malayalam and Tamil language rather than Telugu in script and language. Kannada has influences from Sanskrit. According to some scholars, Kannada and Tamil developed as independent languages soon after their origin from the Proto-Tamil-Kannada sub-group nearly about the 5th and 6th centuries B.C. Influences of other languages such as Pali and Prakrit can also be seen in the Kannada language. The earliest example of a Kannada language can be seen in the stone inscription containing Brahmi characters with characteristics of Proto-Kannada. The Kannada script can be found in a Halmidi inscription dating back to 450 C.E. indicating it being the administrative language of that time.
Tamil, a Dravidian language, is spoken predominantly by Tamilians, people of Tamil Nadu, a state in the Republic of India. It is the official language of Tamil Nadu and union territory of Pondicherry. This language is also the official language of Singapore and Sri Lanka. It is among 1 of the 22 recognized languages of India and declared as a classical language by the government of India in 2004. It is also spoken in Malaysia and Mauritius by a sizable section of people and also spoken by emigrants all over world. It is the world’s longest surviving classical language. It has some of the richest literature in the world existing over 2,000 years. The earliest period of its literature is dated from 300 BCE-300CE. The earliest two manuscripts of the Tamil language from India have been registered by UNESCO. Most inscriptions found by the Archaeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language. The closest relative of Tamil is Malayalam. Until the 9th century, Malayalam was the dialect of Tamil, and the process of separation into a separate language was not completed until sometime in the 14th century.
- Kannada is spoken by the majority in Karnataka while Tamil is spoken in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry in India. Tamil is the official language in Sri Lanka, Singapore, and Malaysian countries also.
- Both languages resemble the Malayalam language, but Tamil is closer than Kannada to Malayalam and has been a dialect of the Tamil language until the 9th century.
- The Kannada language is influenced by the Pali and Prakrit languages while Tamil is influenced by Dravid and Sanskrit.
- Kannada is written in Kannada script while Tamil is written in Tamil script.