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Difference Between Tamil and Telugu

Tamil vs Telugu
 
Tamil and Telugu are Dravidian languages that are spoken in the southern states of India. Tamil is spoken in Tamil Nadu and Telugu in Andhra Pradesh. There are a number of differences between these two languages. The Indian Government declared Tamil a classical language in 2004. It is the only Dravidian language that has this classical status.

The Tamil language is considered to be the oldest of all Dravidian languages. It is known to have existed more than two thousand years ago. Sangam literature, which is considered to be earliest era of Tamil literature , is dated between 3 BC and 3 AD. The earliest Telugu inscription can be dated back to 575 AD and has been attributed to Renati Cholas. It was in the tenth century AD that Telugu literature began.

The influence of the Sanskrit language can be widely seen in the Telugu language whereas the Tamil language has not been much influenced by it. In grammar, the Tamil language has its own grammatical structure whereas the influence of Sanskrit is clearly evident in the Telugu language.

There are also significant differences in the scripts of the two Dravidian languages. Tamil has one special character aytam, 12 vowels and 18 consonants. In Telugu, there are 41 consonants, 16 vowels and three vowel modifiers. Almost all the Telugu words end in a vowel sound.

While a lot of Sanskrit words have been adopted in the Telugu language, the Tamil language has adopted words from Malay, Munda, Greek, Chinese, Urdu, Persian, Marathi and Arabic. 

Summary

  1. The Tamil language is considered to be the oldest of all Dravidian languages.
  2. The Indian Government declared Tamil a classical language in 2004. It is the only Dravidian language that has this classical status.
  3. The Tamil language is considered to be the oldest of all Dravidian languages.
  4. The Tamil language is known to have existed more than two thousand years ago. Sangam literature, which is considered to be earliest era of Tamil literature , is dated between BC 3 and AD 3.
  5. The earliest Telugu inscription can be dated back to 575 AD and has been attributed to Renati Cholas.
  6. The influence of Sanskrit can be widely seen in the Telugu language whereas Tamil has not been influenced by it much.
  7. There are also significant difference in the scripts of the two Dravidian languages.


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11 Comments

  1. why tamil will adopt words from Malay, Munda, Greek, Chinese, Urdu, Persian, Marathi and Arabic being one of the richest and oldest languages of the world. this is really crazy

    • What do you mean by richest.
      Oldest makes sense for Tamil. Because still it is old, not fit for 100% clear communication.

      The basis purpose of language is good communication. Tamil miserably fails in that. Some simple examples are, if I write ‘Kanti’ in tamil and show it to any tamilian, they read it as ‘Gandhi’; ‘Bapu’ as ‘Babu’, the list is endless.

      If I write something, the other person should exactly read what I meant without a change in pronounciation. then only it is a good medium of communication.

      Tamil may (!?) be the Oldest, but still it is old (not really developed). Oldest alone can not make Tamil as great. What is the point is self-praising, if the language can not meet its basic purpose.

      • In Tamil also one can write ‘Kanti’ ,Bapu’ exactly as it is,but that is wrong according to tamil grammar,tats y we are writing like tat.

      • Tamil is a well developed language.. its not only the oldest but also original.. Unlike Hindi which has its persian roots.. taken bits and pieces from Arabic, urdu and sanskrit.

        Tamil has updated vocabulary in all the Fields – Physics chemistry and so on.. Even many other languages have borrowed words from tamil.. that is the richness of it.

        Do a research, read the history books, search and the world libraries or whatever research you wanted to do.. Tamil is still the oldest and living language of India..and one of the rich and oldest languages in the world..

        without knowing the facts don’t comment..on the page..

        For computer: Tamil word is kanini

        Hindi still using many english words..so it is not well developed.. i respect oriya for its classical past.. Sanskrit..for its noble richness..unlike Hindi..which doesn’t have any of this.. its complete nonsense to put down tamil.. without knowing the facts.

        • Every language is important in itself. Every language has its own soul….so instead of pointing each other..we should be proud that we are living in a diverse country with different cultures.
          Respect every language whether it is Hindi,Tamil,Sanskrit,Telugu or any other.
          If you don’t know anything about hindi plz don’t comment on that. Before commenting its better to know about that language….then you will come to know about the richness of language concerned.
          lastly, Sorry if my views hurt you…coz i don’t mean that.
          Hope you understand

      • Proper nouns are modified according to the language. It has nothing to do with the ability to communicate. Tamil has rich roots in its language to form newer words. One of the few Indian languages that lends itself to newer words. thol-distant, tholaivu-distance. thol=tele and we get a number of words telephone-tholaipEsi, television-tholaikkaatchi etc.. neer-water thaNeer-cold water, veNeer-hot water. neeriyal – hydrology etc…

        Words are borrowed mostly if we cannot meaningfully or easily find tamil roots.

      • Hello guest,

        where r u ?. why no update?. did you die in andhra hot summer. Ok , read my post from hell. I am sure u must be enjoying your ‘hell’y place.

        Tamil is one of the oldest and richest language in the world. Even your grand father before give birth to your father , he spoke this language.

        Ask me if you have any questions. i will prove Tamil is oldest and richest language in the world with the help of your…

      • >Oldest makes sense for Tamil. Because still it is old, not fit for >100% clear communication.

        Clear communication between who – not between two who speak different languages. Clear communication between two who speak the same language.

        >Some simple examples are, if I write ‘Kanti’ in tamil and show it >to any tamilian, they read it as ‘Gandhi’; ‘Bapu’ as ‘Babu’, the list >is endless.

        Your example does not make sense. You are trying to write a foreign language word in Tamil. I can give a similar (incorrect) example to contradict your statement. There is a name புகழேந்தி in Tamil. I will challenge you to write it in English or any other language. It is frequently (and incorrectly) written as Pugalendhi or Pugazhendi. The first one does not pronounce it correctly but at least close but the second one is typically how Tamils write it in English (accepted norm) to accommodate the special Tamil character ழ. But it is typical for non Tamils to totally pronounce it incorrectly.

        There are similar examples in Chinese, Polish, Czech names.

        In the end the more corrupt a language is, the more it accommodates – classic example is English which borrows words from many many languages including Tamil – (Ex: Cash, Catamaran etc)

      • The speaking of tamil will influence our mind and thought in great manner and it is well fit for modern local speaking,hence please don’t criticize meanlessly .

      • Tamil has alphabets with pronunciation for its own words and not words from other languages. Tamil is the world oldest language dating back to 50000 years.

  2. Telugu has more persian, arabic or turkish words due to nizam influence.

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