Differences Between Hindi and Arabic
Hindi vs Arabic
If you are unfamiliar with languages, especially new ones, this question would certainly create confusion. When we talk about Hindi and Arabic, we are talking about apples and oranges, to that effect. But to an unfamiliar mind, the two can be quite similar and thus very confusing. So what are the differences between Hindi and Arabic?
To differentiate the two languages, we have to define each one first. By doing so we will understand the glaring difference between the two and not be confused. So, let us take a look first at the Hindi language.
Hindi is a language, a dialect from the vernacular of Delhi. It is basically spoken in the areas of Delhi, India, Western Pradesh, and south region of Uttarakhand. During the reign of the Mughal Empire, it was known as Urdu or the language spoken at the empire’s courts. Basically, India and Pakistan speak this dialect, and history separated it as the sole dialect apart from Urdu. There were standardizations made and done so as to make it a legitimate dialect and not just a vernacular spoken by some. Thus it became official in 1881 and India adopted Hindi.
Hindi was based on the Khariboli dialect and became standardized to take form as one of the official languages of India. There became a distinct difference from its mother dialect Urdu at the time of standardization. Hindi is mainly spoken in India.
The source of confusion is the Persian and Arabic influence on Hindi. The history of India had centuries where the Persian language was used in the Indian continent. Thus, it is safe to say that it was greatly influenced. Also, Arabic has influenced the Persian language, thus intertwining these three languages in that course.
So, let us take a look at the Arabic language at this point in time. Arabic is the language spoken by the Arab people starting in the 6th century AD. There are two types of Arabic, the modern standard and the classical. Both of these were spoken, but the classical was used in literature more often, while the modern one is the official language used in formal conversations and documents. There are multiple variations due to ethnicity, but the modern standard form of Arabic made good progress towards uniformity.
Basically, spoken Arabic can be heard and found in the Middle East and northern part of Africa. There are a lot of variations, and with its age, Hebrew, Hindi, and even Egyptian languages are greatly influenced by the classical Arabic language form. Certainly, it has influenced a lot of regional dialects during the time. Even Europe had literary Arabic used in the studies of science, math, philosophy, and more. Borrowed words from this historical language still exist, and with its prestige, it is still very alive today. Also, Arabic is not primordial in the sense that it had also influences from the Greek, Hebrew, and Syriac languages, but this proves that it has a strong foundation making it unique to this present day.
Both are written without our alphabet but inscribed with their own unique characters. If one should study the languages of Arabic or Hindi, then one must learn how to read and write the characters. This makes things very classical, unique, and scholarly to study at the same time. If one has the time to browse through books and even the Internet, one can surely spot the differences between the two languages. From their history and topographical location of use, you can conclude that these languages are unique and different from each other. To really learn the differences, one must look at their history too, like what we did, and start from there to really appreciate them.
- The Hindi language originated from India, while Arabic is from the Middle East.
- Since Persians also influenced India long ago; the Arabic language also influenced Hindi.
- Both the Hindi and Arabic languages have distinct characters symbolizing their alphabets.
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