Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Justice and Judge

Justice vs Judge

Every society or government must have laws that are meant to guide and govern its people in order to provide them with an environment that is both peaceful and orderly. Several institutions are involved in the enforcement and implementation of the law; the police and the military, elected government officials, the legislature, and the judiciary.
The judiciary, or the judicial system, is the branch of government that interprets and implements the laws which are made by the legislature based on the facts presented. It is made up of lower courts and the Supreme Court which is the court of final appeal.

The judiciary consists of court clerks, lawyers, justices, and judges. Each state, local government unit, or jurisdiction has different duties and functions for each of these people involved. There is confusion, though, as to whether judges and justices have similar characteristics and functions or not.

A judge is usually the one who presides over the lower courts while a justice is a member of the Supreme Court. While some may have the same responsibilities for justices and judges, others have specific duties for them.
Depending on the type of judicial system a government has, the duties and responsibilities of judges and justices may differ. For most jurisdictions, judges are appointed while justices are elected. Judges have law degrees and are already experienced lawyers. They have legal functions and are the ones who preside over legal proceedings such as court hearings and court cases. They are the ones who make a verdict on a case based on the presented facts and the proper legal procedures and precedents. Prison terms and sentences are also delivered by judges.

A justice, on the other hand, has a different function in other jurisdictions of the judicial system. He does not have to have a degree in law or have any formal legal training. This is because he does not have responsibility over legal proceedings. He can officiate in weddings and marriages, though, and he can witness legal documents. Whatever their functions may be in the judicial system, judges and justices are very important in the orderly and peaceful governance of every society.


1.A judge is a public officer who presides over a lower court of law while a justice may be a member of the Supreme Court or someone who holds other functions at the lower court.
2.A judge may be appointed by the executive branch of government through the Attorney General while a justice is elected.
3.Although most jurisdictions have similar duties for justices and judges, in some they have distinct responsibilities. A judge can preside over legal proceedings like court cases and hearings, and he is the one who hands over a verdict and sentence while a justice may only be able to preside over weddings and witness legal documents.
4.Judges need to have degrees in law while justices may or may not have degrees in law depending on their functions in the judicial system of a certain jurisdiction.

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  1. I have never read such a convoluted explanation containing such blatant inaccuracies. Article 3 of the Constitution states there are supposed to be Judges appointed to the Supreme Court, not Justices!!! Without a Constitutional Convention Congress changed them illegally, not in accordance with Article 5, to Justices…And to top it off, they are still appointed. Go figure… The Constitution never intended exchanges of function or definition regarding Judge and Justice. What’s wrong with this picture?? By changing the supreme court’s function, it empowers the federal empire well beyond the intent of the Constitution.

    • Wow! Thank you Craig Harrison for a comprehensive break down and sensible intervention of the difference between Judges and Justice.

      Kind Regards

  2. Therefore; if a judge handles legal matters; and he is of a lower court;and he takes on a case he has no jurisdiction over;
    [that] would definitely a “judge”; since a “justice” would have jurisdiction in all things “federal”. Correct?

  3. I thought that ajustice is above the judge in rankings.how many justices do we have and judges in Uganda

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