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Difference Between Tropical Meteorology and Monsoon Meteorology

Tropical Meteorology vs Monsoon Meteorology

Meteorology is the scientific study of the Earth’s atmosphere. It explains how certain natural occurrences happen and how factors like temperature, air pressure, water vapor, and several other factors affect the weather and climate of the Earth. It involves the use of instruments, weather stations, and satellites. All of these help in the efficient and accurate study of the atmosphere in different parts of the Earth. Meteorology has several fields, two of which are tropical meteorology and monsoon meteorology.

Tropical meteorology is the study of the behavior and structure of the atmosphere in the areas that are located on or near the equator. These areas receive more energy from the sun than other areas of the Earth which is released back into the atmosphere and is carried by winds to higher latitudes. Tropical meteorology is involved in the study of rare occurrences that might happen to the weather and climate of the places in tropical areas. These include: hurricanes, jet streams, cyclones, thunderstorms, squall lines, inter-tropical convergence zones, monsoons, El Nino, and trade winds.
Together with these rare occurrences are factors such as latent heat, heat storage, excess radiation, and evapotranspiration which are also subjects for the study of tropical meteorology. These factors can affect the weather and climate of tropical areas. The interaction between the various natural phenomena and the stated factors are being studied to gain further knowledge about them and how they can be managed easily so as not to cause severe harm to man and the environment.

Tropical areas that are situated near the ocean, like islands and islets, have more stable weather and climate. They only experience changes when there are other uncontrollable events that happen. Changes in tropical weather are worse during the summer.

Monsoon meteorology, on the other hand, is the study of the behavior and structure of the atmosphere in areas with monsoon climates. These areas are also situated near the equator and have a tropical climate, but they experience the effects of the seasonal change in wind direction which makes up a monsoon.

Monsoon meteorology studies the rains that come in summer and the heat and dryness of winter together with wind reversals. This is due to the blowing of winds from cool oceans into hot land in the summer causing rain to form and to the blowing of the cool winds from land to the oceans in winter. It studies how energy from the sun is transmitted back to the atmosphere, how horizontal pressure gradients and vertical buoyancy forces combine with the slow movement of surface air to create a differential seasonal heating which is more evident in regions with a monsoon climate.


1.Tropical meteorology is the study of the atmosphere in areas with tropical climates while monsoon meteorology is the study of the atmosphere in areas with monsoon climates.
2.Tropical meteorology studies how rare occurrences and other factors affect the weather and climate of tropical areas while monsoon meteorology studies wind reversals which cause wet summers and dry winters.
3.Both use weather instruments, weather stations, and satellites to study the atmosphere.

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