Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Federal and National

Federal vs National

Politically, a federal government and a national government have different meanings to some extent. Being inside the country, a federal government somehow is totally internal which is not the same in the case of a national government.

Many people often have asked about the differences between the two. Most probably because the Constitutions of some great countries do not tell whether the country is a federally governed or a centrally governed one. Examples of these countries are like the United States of America, Australia, and India.

Somehow, these two terms do not directly always comply with the government in other matters too. Further reading might reveal the differences between “national” (central) and “federal.”

“Federal” simply means having a relation to a federation which is having a relation to the states of a country or a joint of states. If we talk of a federal government, we merely mean that it is a government which is run by different states making the whole economy of the country. For example, if we take the United States, we have a different governor for a different state; there is a different political person, etc. That is, every state runs by its own self-governance. But if some issues take place internally, then the whole country is not affected by it. A federal country, however, has its own major government which is, in the case of a very large economically developed country, very important. It is very important that the central union government keeps track of the taxes and laws passed by the federal government. “Federal” does not always refer to the state government. In some countries, “federal” is a term used for a union of states.

Some examples of federal countries are the governments of: Australia, Austria, Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Germany, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Switzerland, the United States, and Venezuela.

“National,” as it literally means, is anything to do with the nation or the country. If we talk about the national government, we may simply mean that it is a government which the nation or the whole country operates by not having any interrelation to any internal federation. But a national government actually runs along with the federal government (having a few exceptions in some countries). The national government controls all of the details of the country by political, social, and economic means. A national government is the largest and the most active government.

A few examples of countries with a national government (without a federation) are: People’s Republic of China, Denmark, France, Georgia, Soviet Union, Spain, etc.


1.“Federal” implies anything within a union of states in a country while “national” has to do with the whole nation.
2.A federal government is run by the separate states of a group of states itself along with the central government.

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1 Comment

  1. In 1981 I sued AT&T and Michigan Bell after obtaining a Right To Sue letter, which the OFCCP or the EEOC should have investigated as AT&T was and continues to be a Federal Contractor. The defendants contentions were that (a) the EEOC has no jurisdiction (b) I QUIT my job on my own although they fired me in the invited presence of my wife (now deceased) These two agencies continued to assert I QUIT the job but could not prove it in 39 years although they took me through the real kangaroo courts in Orlando/Tampa and at the 11th Cir and before another kangaroos courts in New York to deny my “un forfeitable” ERISA benefits. When the US Supreme Court finally granted me permission to file a Writ of Mandamus in case No.,16-9624 it was rejected by the Clerk of the Court and his two deputies. Now the defendants argue and the DOL agree that since I did not file a claim with the “OFCCP: in 1981, the DOL has no jurisdiction. It may be remembered that it was Raymond J. DONOVAN – the disgraced and resigned Secretary of Labor and who was a don of the New York Mafia who advised AT&T not to worry about the enforcement of the OSHA and ERISA laws. DONOVAN was indicted under 179 counts for fraud and other offences, but since he had contributed to President Reagan’s election coffers $600,000 he was let go after a Special Prosecutor was appointed to save his butt. What about my contributory pension claims, Title VII, ADEA and breach of contract claims. The Republican run DOL has no answer thus far although they reportedly spent more than $30 million to defend against a pro se non attorney and more under the table to grease the palms of the crooked team of judges. You can watch all my documentaries in you-tube “DAVID VS AT&T PARTS 8-12 & 13 in India dialects and others under “THE KANGAROO COURTS OF THE UNINTED STATES OF AMERICA PART 1 AND PART 2. DO YOU THINK PEOPLES FROM OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD WILL EVER COME TO WORK IN USA IF THEY WATCH ” the fate of the dreamers” or “DAVID VS AT&T PART 11”. Your comments will be appreciated as I am on my way to Heaven having reached 81 but due to His Grace still surviving until I can beat the Mighty Goliath, have no shame to cover their ass with the Mafia don DONOVAN and with his help AT&T. Their chairman just walked out with $77 million and member of the DONOVAN clan with closer to that.

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