Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Colonialism and Imperialism

warColonialism vs Imperialism
Colonialism and imperialism are often used interchangeably, but they are two different words having different meaning. As both colonialism and Imperialism means political and economic domination of the other, scholars often find it hard to differentiate the two.

Though both the words underline suppression of the other, Colonialism is where one nation assumes control over the other and Imperialism refers to political or economic control, either formally or informally. In simple words, colonialism can be thought to be a practice and imperialism as the idea driving the practice.

Colonialism is a term where a country conquers and rules over other regions. It means exploiting the resources of the conquered country for the benefit of the conqueror. Imperialism means creating an empire, expanding into the neighbouring regions and expanding its dominance far.

Colonialism is termed as building and maintaining colonies in one territory by people from another territory. Colonialism can altogether alter the social structure, physical structure and economics of a region. It is quite normal that in the long run, the traits of the conqueror are inherited by the conquered.

Colonialism is a term used to describe the settlement of places like India, Australia, North America, Algeria, New Zealand and Brazil, which were all controlled by the Europeans. Imperialism, on the other hand is described where a foreign government governs a territory without significant settlement. The scramble for Africa in the late 19th century and the American domination of Puerto Rico and the Philippines can be cited as examples of Imperialism.

In Colonialism, one can see great movement of people to the new territory and living as permanent settlers. Though they lead the life as permanent settlers, they still maintain allegiance to their mother country. Imperialism is just exercising power over the conquered regions either through sovereignty or indirect mechanisms of control.

Coming to the origin of the two, Imperialism has a longer history than Colonialism. While the history of colonialism dates back to 15th century, Imperialism has its origins dating back to the Romans.

Colonialism has its origins when Europeans started to look outside their country, pursuing trade with other nations. Though colonialism can be attributed to the trade pursuits of a country, Imperialism is just not like that and it involves individual pursuits only.

Coming to the etymology, colony comes from the Latin word colonus, which means farmers. Imperialism also comes from Latin word imperium, which means to command.

Summary
1.Colonialism is a term where a country conquers and rules over other regions. Imperialism means creating an empire, expanding into the neighbouring regions and expanding its dominance far.
2.In Colonialism, one can see great movement of people to the new territory and living as permanent settlers. Imperialism is just exercising power over the conquered regions either through sovereignty or indirect mechanisms of control.


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30 Comments

  1. goooooooooooooooooooddddddddddddd .information.It helped me a lot in making my project on “IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM”.
    THANNNNNNNNNNNNNNKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
    UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU

  2. THANKS

    THAT WAS VERY HELPFUL

    IT REALY HELPED ME WITH MY ASSIGNMENT.

  3. I have got very interesting & useful information about Colonialism & Imperialism..

    I am thankful to http://www.differencebetween.net for guiding me clearly & helping me in studying International Relations..

    Thank u very much! :)

  4. Thanks so much, this helped whilst writing my assignment

  5. it is good and helpful got answer to my question

  6. Nice Information that has not only updated my knowledge, but also has helped me immensely to use the correct terminology with the correct examples….Thanks a lot for posting this differentiation.

  7. thank you very much for this great work.i can now differientiate the two terms

  8. thank you very much for this great work.i can now differentiate the two terms.

  9. THANKS it really helped me on my project

  10. Thnks for the valuable info but i think
    IMPERIALISM IS THE POLITICAL PERSPECTIVE WHILE COLONIALISM ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE..
    anyways m open for any suggestions if wrong !

    thank you !

  11. yeh this is very helpfull thanks

  12. yaaaa…nyc it rlly hlpd me alot..thnks for postng this..

  13. MOOOOOOOOOO!!!! THX 4 DA HELP MOO! VERY HELPFUL MOO AND USEFUL MOO!

  14. Some parts of the writing in the article made it difficult for me to understand. From the research I have done I have found that these terms are mostly the same, and if you want to differentiate anything about what you are talking about you are better off just expanding your meaning with other words, rather than relying on a vague and pedantic differentiation that most people will not immediately understand.

  15. it is very informative.
    easy, understandable language!

  16. It is really informative! Though the ideas are briefly presented, it is more than enough to distinguish between colonialism and imperialism.Thanks

  17. Great information, very clear and precise!

    Side not:

    Colonialism was around in Ancient Greece, trade routes were established and land was colonized in Asia Minor, southern Italy and North Africa.

    http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/angk/hd_angk.htm

  18. Thank you very much it helped me a lot

  19. i’m dumb. so thanks for helping me with this

  20. This article makes me sick of my life.

  21. The analysis fails to deal with Islamic Colonialism/Imperialism. It began in the 7th century concurrent with the creation of Islam. All of those countries that you see today which people just blithely call “Islamic” were Christian, Jewish, Hindu and others for centuries before Islam was invented and went on the war path. That 80 million Hindus were killed by Islam remains such an obscure fact few know or mention when discussing Colonialism or Imperialism is a real disgrace. All of the Jews of Arabia were wiped out by Islam, something that Hitler failed to in Germany centuries later. Christian kingdoms throughout the Middle East and North Africa were decimated to the point that today Christians are token persecuted minorities. The danger in the West of failing to understand the history of Islamic conquest and spread is that it has resulted in a population so naïve that they are currently welcoming Islam into the West even though it is not compatible with the freedoms and rights of the West and worse, that no civilization has survived once having Islam spread within their borders. Spain did recover for a time after centuries of fighting, and the Jews have valiantly maintained their identity in spite of what we see in the news daily from their Muslim neighbors. But now Spain is welcoming Muslims in just like the rest of the West. America will not fare any better than any of the older, more established civilizations that were subjugated by Islam. Furthermore, the situation in the West is so bad, whoever monitors the comments make decide that this comment, though based ONLY on history, is too bigoted and hate-filled to even allow to be seen! What a tragedy.

  22. this was so much help, thank you. much better than what my professor was able to explain to our class. (:

  23. it reali helped in my assignments. tanx alot. expecting more gud works like dis one.

  24. Nice effort, but you end up saying they are same.

  25. THX i’m an idiot this helps :D

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