Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Ontology and Epistemology

Ontology vs Epistemology

Sometimes we read or hear about the ontology of something, for instance, a disease condition or a medical illness. Upon hearing this, some individuals would not readily understand what it is referring to since there is no clear definition. Although this word is not only used in the medical field, it somehow has a general form and meaning which will be discussed later on. Furthermore, there are also instances that you may also encounter the word epistemology of a disease condition, which also may or may not be properly understood. Depending on your own perception, you may have different interpretations on what it means. This article will provide a distinction between the two.

First, consider this scenario. Researchers or doctors always study about disease conditions, trends, characteristics, and other pertinent information that could be important to the management and treatment of such diseases. This is the reason doctors are in constant search and perform studies to answer the following questions. What makes a similar disease condition unique in every patient? Why is there no absolute link between diseases that cause similar effects? How does a disease condition affect the overall health of an individual? Is there a relevant connection between the culture, lifestyle, and overall health to the existence of a certain disease condition?

These questions basically refer to the ontology or the epistemology of a certain topic, or in this case, of a disease condition. It would be good to bear in mind that they are both branches of philosophy.

First, let us talk about ontology. What then is ontology? The only thing that we may recognize readily upon encountering this word is the suffix ‘“logy, which means study. Thus, ontology refers to the study of the existence, nature, or being of a certain entity. It answers tthe question ‘what is’¦?’ Basically, it involves the existence and presence of a certain topic, such as, a certain disease condition.

On the other hand, epistemology refers to the body of philosophy that involves with the presence of knowledge. To make this more simple, epistemology indicates that we know about something occurring because of the knowledge that we have about it. It answers the questions that begin in ‘how’ or ‘what’.

If you want to know more these terms, you may consult a professional since this article is intended only to provide basic information on the topics involved.


1. Ontology and epistemology are both branches of philosophy that try to explain the existence of an entity or something.

2. Ontology which indicates the study of how something existed, its nature, or being, usually answers the question ‘what’.

3. Epistemology is often considered as the theory of knowledge, in which we know something exists, and it answers the questions ‘how’ and ‘what’

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