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Difference Between Science and Philosophy

Science vs Philosophy

The distinction between philosophy and science is very slim, but there are distinctions nonetheless. Many people assume that science and philosophy are contradictory concepts to each other, but both subjects share a more positive relationship rather than an animosity.

Science can be defined as a study and understanding of natural phenomena. It is concerned with empirical data, meaning data that can be observed, tested, and repeated. It is systematic in nature, and there is a specific course of action used called the scientific method. Science bases its explanation on the results of experiments, objective evidence, and observable facts.

Science came from the Latin word “scientia,” meaning “knowledge.”
There are many branches or fields of science. These branches can be classified under various headings: pure and applied sciences, physical and life sciences, Earth and space sciences. Also included in these classifications are exact and descriptive science.

Science started out as a part of philosophy. It was then called natural philosophy, but science emerged and deviated from philosophy in the 17th century as a separate study or domain.
Science involves objective types of questions. As a study, it tries to find answers and prove them to be objective fact or truth. In its method, the experiment creates certain hypotheses which can be proven or validated as fact. In the same manner, hypotheses can also be wrong or falsified. By observing and undertaking the experiment, science produces knowledge by observation. Science’s main purpose is to extract the objective truth out of existing or naturally occurring ideas.

Science’s “predecessor,” philosophy, is a more difficult concept to define. It is broadly defined as an activity that uses reason to explore issues in many areas. Its application to many different fields makes it impossible to have a definite and concrete definition.
Philosophy tries to study and understand the fundamental nature of two things: the existence of man and the relationship between the man and existence. It also has branches: metaphysics, logic, politics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and specific philosophy in the fields like the philosophy of language, history, the mind, religion, and others. Philosophy comes from the Greek word “philosophia” which translates as “love of wisdom.”

Philosophy is based on reason. Its methods use logical argumentation. Philosophy uses arguments of principles as basis for its explanation.
Philosophy entertains both subjective and objective type of questions. It means that aside from finding answers, it also resolves to generate questions. It raises question and processes before finding out the answers. . Philosophy is mostly involved with thinking and to create knowledge.

Summary:

1.Philosophy and science are two studies and domains. Philosophy came first and became the basis for science, formerly known as natural philosophy. Both studies have many branches or fields of study and makes use reasoning, questioning and analysis. The main difference is how they work and treat knowledge.
2.Science is concerned with the natural phenomena while philosophy attempts to understand the nature of man, existence and the relationship that exists between the two concepts.
3.Science came from a Latin word (scientia), meanwhile, philosophy traces back to a Greek word (philosophia).
4.Another common element between the two studies is that they try to explain situations and find answers. Philosophy does this by using logical argumentation while science uses empirical data. Philosophy’s explanations are grounded in arguments of principles while science tries to explain from experiment results, observable facts and objective evidence.
5.Science is used for instances that require empirical validation while philosophy is used for situations where measurements and observations cannot be applied. Science also takes answers and proves them as objective right or wrong.
6.Subjective and objective questions are involved in philosophy while only some of objective questions can be related in science. Philosophy also involves generating questions aside from finding answers. Meanwhile, while science is only involved in the latter activity.
7.Philosophy creates knowledge by thinking. On the other hand, science does the same thing by observing.
8.Science is also a defined study, in contrast to philosophy which can be applied to many and extensive areas of discipline.


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3 Comments

  1. Perception is mere “how” one comes to “understand” a concept or idea.

    “observation” is merely relying upon sensory data; eyes, ears, nose, etc.

    Our “science”, by that alone, is STILL philosophy. Yes we may be able to recreate the same conditions we understand to be necessary to accomplish an end-goal, but…. as astronomical the probability, from the big-bang- to you reading these very words, is far beyond any human calculation, and yet we still take the “small” numbers from minuscule probabilities, and use them as “fact”.

    In isolated conditions, let’s say, a room…. Yes, we can repeat the same scenario and call it fact. But when variables change, it cannot always be counted as fact. When we go from the mere room, into an entire neighborhood, for example.

    Some things are the same, some are not, and depending, that could quite well alter the end result of the experiment.

    What our science has done, or tried to do, is find the truth of our planet, in order to be king. To use that knowledge to dominate over those who don’t know.

    So here, we see, that knowledge is key.

    Truth is key.

    So if that Truth has been kept hidden, for the purpose of control, what makes the world think they know anything??

    Education. Indoctrination into a faulty system that “appears” to work….

    Force. Competition. Knowledge.

    Intangible. Yet they control us all. What we do, what we say, to whom, and for why….

    But again, we look too small to start our experiment…. We only consider self in most applications. We have studied from authors that elevate self, learn to develop our sense of self, and then end up feeding the selfish because we don’t know any better.

    All this latter end is philosophy, but it’s down to a science anymore, if we would just look!

    All people, everywhere, have been manipulated, and taught to defend their slavemasters, rather than suffer for the Truth.

    That is the one key thing science does not have…. Truth. Truth is stronger than anything else whatsoever. Lies are allowed. But Truth empowers one to separate from the lies. The lie very well may try to silence the Truth, but it cannot disprove its existence.

  2. Philosophy-

    It’s worth noting that the definition of philosophy varies according to people and lexicon

    Most of the definitions I’ve encountered use similar phrases such as the fundamental nature of knowledge reality and existence,

    Definition of philosophy in English:

    Philosophy: /filosofi/

    Noun (plural philosophies)

    1[mass noun] The study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.

    However, another version defines philosophy as the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge or conduct.

    While others simply defined philosophy as the love of and accumulation of knowledge.

    Science-O.E.D.

    The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment:
    the world of science and technology.

    Although, if I were asked to personally define these two words,

    Philosophy-speculations concerning the fundamental nature of reality and existence.

    Science- Study of the natural world through the process of observation, experimentation, and peer review.

    The major difference between the 2 disciplines is that one requires evidence or proof to back up it’s claims (science)

    The other party feels that contemplation alone is enough to comprehend the mystery of reality and existence (Philosophy)

    In my opinion modern philosophy is little more than speculation and or revelation,

    Philosophy is the incomplete little cousin of science, while they both originate in the brain, it’s as if philosophy gives up half way through and missed the most important piece of the exercise.

    The family resemblance between Science and philosophy is undeniable,

    Yet, philosophy, theology, and mythology, are nearly identical to one another.

    questions that belong to philosophical inquiry: “Do we survive death in any sense, and if so, do we survive for a time or for ever? Can mind dominate matter, or does matter completely dominate mind, or has each, perhaps, a certain limited independence? Has the universe a purpose? Or is it driven by blind necessity? Or is it a mere chaos and jumble, in which the natural laws that we think we find are only a fantasy generated by our own love of order? If there is a cosmic scheme, has life more importance in it than astronomy would lead us to suppose, or is our emphasis upon life mere parochialism and self-importance?”

    According to the prestigious philosopher Bertrand Russell,

    “The point of philosophy is to start with something so simple as to seem not worth stating and to end with something so paradoxical that no one would believe it.”

    It’s for this simple reason that many scientist remain hesitant or skeptical of the philosophic tradition.

    Mythology, theology, and philosophy deal with the same issues, and very much in a similar manner.

    All of the aforementioned disciplines speculate about the fundamental nature and reality of existence,

    None of them require proof or validation to substantiate their claims,

    Several competing schools of thought within you’re own disciplines,

    you all make outrageous claims and predictions which fall so far outside the realm of scientific thought that it borders on the absurd,

    And you each deal in abstract concepts so science isn’t able to prove or disprove anything you say, because there’s nothing quantifiable.

  3. I copied this for my assignment. Thanks :)

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