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Difference Between Sap and Resin

Sap vs Resin

Sap and resin are related to plants. Though they come from the trees, sap and resin show many differences between them. Apart from the plant resin, there are also synthetic resins.

Sap is really the sugar that is found in the xylem and phloem cells in trees. Resin is a liquid which is stored in the outer cells of trees. When a tree is cut or when a branch is cut, resin oozes out and clogs the broken area just like the blood clotting in wounds.

Resin is normally red, clear, and hard. On the other hand, sap is yellowish or white, sticky and gummy.

Resin can also be said to be a substance that has a highly viscous state in the beginning and once treated gets hardened. Sap is actually made of sugar and water.

Sap can be said to be a liquid that is carried in the xylem or phloem vessels. Sometimes other liquids found in a plant, like resin and latex, are referred to as sap. The xylem sap mainly consists of water-mineral elements, hormones, and other nutrients. The phloem sap consists mainly of water, hormones, sugar, and other minerals.

Sap is also used in the production of certain things like sugar and molasses from the sugarcane sap and maple syrup from maple sap.
There are different types of resins according to the chemical composition. Resins have been in use for thousands of years. Pine pitch is used for sealing boats, food containers, and many other things. Resin is also widely used in the manufacture of many things like inks, lacquer, varnish, jewelry, and perfumes. Nowadays, synthetic resin is widely used in many products.

Summary:

1.Sap is really the sugar that is found in the xylem and phloem cells in trees. Resin is a liquid which is stored in the outer cells of trees.
2.Resin is normally red, clear, and hard. On the other hand, sap is yellowish or white, sticky and gummy.
3.Resin can be said to be a substance that has a highly viscous state in the beginning and once treated gets hardened. 4.Sap is actually made of sugar and water.
5.Sap is used in the production of certain things like sugar and molasses from the sugarcane sap and maple syrup from maple sap.
6.Resin is also widely used in the manufacture of many things like inks, lacquer, varnish, jewelry, and perfumes. Pine pitch is used for sealing boats, food containers, and many other things.


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2 Comments

  1. Although many tree resins are indeed dark orange, red, burgundy and almost black, there are also many resins that are pale yellow and even white or clear. Your uses of resin left out its use as incense, which is one of the oldest and most popular uses of tree and plant resin. The biblical frankincense is simply the resin that is collected from the Boswellia sacra, or Boswellia Carteri. By the same token, the biblical Myrrh is the resin collected from several species of the genus Commiphora. And Copal, the resin incense of pre-Columbian Meso-America comes from the many species of the genus Bursera (Torchwood trees). And there are a number of other types of incense, all of which are nothing more than the pure and unadulterated resins of many different plants. It is harvested by slashing the bark of three and letting the viscous, sticky resin ooze out of the tree. When it hardens, it is easy to collect the tear-drop shaped granules for use. One of my favorites is the resin of the Pinon Pine that is native to New Mexico.

  2. This is a good article. Since sap is more of a sugar based substance this raises the question, what is the difference between sap vs nectar? Can anyone address this?

    Sap vs Nectar

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