Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between ACH and Wire Transfer

ACH vs. Wire Transfer

When you want to transfer money to your significant others, most especially if they are situated far away from your location, you need to consider a lot of things. First, you’ll ask yourself how you can transmit your funds. Second, you stumble upon several issues involving the timeframe for the funds to be credited to the recipient’s account, and the fees involved in the process. Having known all of these, most money senders opt for two methods of money transfer. These are the ACH and the wire transfer. So how do they differ?

ACH, completely known as the Automated Clearing House transfer, has been a medium of fund transfer since1970. It was devised as an alternate to the usual issuance of checks. If an ACH transfer is initiated, the funds will be removed from the sender’s account in a day or less. With regard to the actual ACH transfer process, this happens in batches. This means that the bank transacts together all ACH transfer requests that happen within a given day. It is possible that requests for the day will be stored by the bank then processed the next day, and may be available the day after the bank’s processing. Thus, ACH transfers ideally take between 2 to 4 days. As a result, many companies have employed this medium to issue any recurring payments. With regard to cost, ACH transfers are relatively cheaper. Would you believe that some firms handle it for free? Nevertheless, the majority of banks charge a nominal fee.

Conversely, wire transfer is the money transfer of choice for the majority of senders because of speed and reliability. Especially if you are transacting huge sums of money, you must make sure that your funds will really go to the recipient in real time. Hence, the wire transfer does away with the batch process. Most wire transfers are cleared within 24 hours. But, because of such a speedy feat, it has become more expensive. Also, the real time strategy paves the way to a faster transfer process. Faster processing would also directly imply a greater cost for the transaction.

Overall, no matter what medium of transfer you’d like to use, make sure you know the consequences of your transactions, like the fees involved, as well as, the time it takes for your funds to reach your target recipient.

1. ACH is a cheaper transaction than wire transfers.

2. ACH is done through batch processing, whereas wire transfers are done real time.

3. Wire transfers are the faster alternative to ACH transfers.

4. Wire transfer is a lot safer when transacting larger sums of money.


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1 Comment

  1. This article is full of misinformation. The term “wire transfer” is a generic term that means different things to different people. If one is trying to clarify things for people then the specific industry terms should be used.

    Usually when people say “wire transfer” they mean FedWire, but sometimes they may be referring to ACH credit. Again, “wire transfer” is a poor term to use, it is more of a street or layman’s term to mean moving money electronically, often with the implication of a credit payment. In the financial world, the specific terms are used, as defined below.

    Fedwires are money transfers or EFTs done using the Fedwire system. There is no ambiguity when stating it that way. The Fedwire system is a separate and independent system from the ACH system. Fedwires are credit payments only. The person sending the money is the only one that can initiate a Fedwire. There are no debit (or withdraw in layman’s terms) payments within the Fedwire system.

    http://www.federalreserve.gov/paymentsystems/fedfunds_about.htm

    ACH’s are money transfers or generically EFT’s done on the ACH system using the NACHA conventions. ACH’s can be either be an ACH debit or an ACH credit. An ACH debit is initiated by the person receiving the money. Meaning they instruct the ACH system to reach out and take money out of someone else’s account. So to initiate an ACH Debit you must first have the account information from where you are trying to debit the money. An ACH credit is initiated by the person sending the money, where they instruct the ACH system to take money from their own account and send to the receiver’s account.
    https://www.nacha.org/

    ACH transfers are lower cost than Fedwires. Fedwires generally move the money faster than ACH’s.

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