Difference Between HTML and XHTML
HTML vs XHTML
Comparing HTML(Hypertext Markup Language) and XHTML(Extensible HTML) could be like comparing identical twins since there are only a few minor points which we can actually point out as being different. This is due to the fact that XHTML was derived from HTML just to conform with XML standards. The primary major difference between the two is the relative strictness of XHTML compared to HTML. While someone coding in HTML could get away with some lapses in structure and coding, that is no longer possible with XHTML. The need to come up with XHTML emerged from the fact that HTML has become to convoluted with browser specific tags that pages coded in html doesn’t always look the same in all browsers.
All XHTML documents must have only one root element and all elements must be written in lowercase, closed, and properly nested. And although you can actually do the same with HTML, it is actually not required and you can violate any or all of those rules and your HTML document can still be opened without any errors. Another XHTML only requirement is the declaration of the DOCTYPE that determines what rules your document would follow; which it inherited from XML. Not only is the strictness of XHTML prominent in the structure, even variables have been limited to lower case letters and the values assigned to them must be surrounded by quotation marks for it to be properly recognized.
Although in an as-is basis, XHTML provides little to no improvement over HTML, the edge of XHTML shows when using it in conjunction with XML tools. The strictness and overall streamlining of the HTML standards into XHTML was intended to gain the clean and and cluterfree coding that is needed to further enhance webpage creation. XHTML also allowed website builders to create modularized code that they can use repeatedly in multiple projects.
Part of HTML’s success was the fact that it was a very forgiving language to code in. Whatever you put into the file, the browser tries to make sense of it and puts up its best interpretation of the html file. But as browser technologies improve and webpage designs become more complex, the simplistic approach of HTML begins lose ground to XHTML’s structured approach that doesn’t leave any guessing to the browser. Though it is hard to notice for those who only browse the sites, there is already a gradual shift among webpage builders from HTML to XHTML. Indicating that HTML would soon be yeilding its position to XHTML in the near future.
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