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Differences Between Punjabi and Hindi

Punjabi vs Hindi

The Republic of India has as many as 22 different official languages. Out of these 22 languages, 2 languages are Punjabi and Hindi. The Punjabi language is spoken by the inhabitants of the Punjab region in India. Hindi is the language spoken by 41 percent of the population of India. The two languages have their own similarities and dissimilarities.


Punjabi is the language spoken by the natives of the Punjab region. Presently, the Punjab region comprises the northwest region of the Republic of India and the eastern parts of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Punjabi comprises about 104 million speakers according to the 2008 census. Out of this, the largest population of Punjabi-speaking people reside in Pakistan which amounts to about 76 million, and the second largest population amounting to 28 million speakers resides in India. The rest of the population is scattered over the countries like the United Kingdom, Gulf of Persia, Canada, U.S., Malaysia, Myanmar, Hong Kong, and many more. Punjabi holds the tenth rank in the list of the world’s widest spoken languages.

The Punjabi language uses several scripts to write the language in. It depends on the region and religion how it is written. In Pakistan, the script uses the Shahmukhi script. The Punjab region of India uses the Gurmukhi script for writing Punjabi. In other places of India, the Devnagri script is used to write this language.

Punjabi has has three pitch contours; high, low, and level.


Hindi is the primary formal terminology of Indians. It is used by about 41 percent of the inhabitants. Hindi’s verbal usage is mainly in the north areas of the nation namely; Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Himachal Pradesh. Hindi is also verbal and recognized in places in nations such as Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Fiji.

Hindi follows the “Devanagari” script. The “Devanagari” script generally known as “Nagari” is published from left to right. In Hindi, the letters are topped by a line in each word. This is very similar to Punjabi. The present form of Hindi is called Standard Hindi. This language has around 140 million speakers around the world. The language has an elaborate literature divided into “Gadhya” or the prose and “Padya” or the poetry.


  1. Punjabi is among the 22 national languages of India while Hindi is considered to be the national language of India.
  2. Punjabi is written in the Gurmukhi script while Hindi is written in the Devanagri script.
  3. Both have a different vocabulary, grammar, and punctuation style.

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  1. This has to be the most biased description of the differences in both languages.

    “Punjabi has a loud and crude tone.”

    “The accent of Hindi is gentle, nice, and tasteful. It has a calm and refined tone.”

    This is an embarrassingly biased view Nimisha and is in poor taste.

    • All I have to say is Punjabi is a beautiful language and as what you said applies to every language since the way is spoken is depending on a individual. I can show you many people how they speak Hindi in public and it’s extremely rude but I guess it’s really hard to educate uneducated people. Especially when they are probably 20 years older.
      I’m 18 if you were wondering.
      Just don’t be a idiot and a hater☺️.


      • my dad is bangali Muslim and my mum is Indian punjabi and my mum she converted to Islam ok and my mum and my dad got married in england they use to work at the same job and my mum liked my dad and my dad liked my mum and after one year they got married to each other do you fucking understand and my mum was borne as a Sikh punjabi ok

  2. Very poor article

  3. This is an interesting article. I was more interested in the demographics of the two languages.
    Although I don’t speak either language, I have heard both spoken in my English Learner classes. I could not discern one being cruder or more refined. Maybe it has to do with who is listening to the speaker.
    Did a Hindi speaker write this article?

  4. punjabi is far better than hindi in the style of pronouncing

  5. Hello,

    Hindi is not the national language of India, it’s one of the two official languages, the other being English. Please fix this information.

    Thank you,

    • There is no national language in India.[2][3][4] The article 343, point 1, specifically mentions that, “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devnagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.”[4] English is used in official purposes such as parliamentary proceedings, judiciary, communications between the Central Government and a State Government. States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language(s) through legislation. In addition to the official languages, the constitution recognises 22 regional languages, which includes Hindi but not English, as scheduled languages, that are not be confused with official status of the Union. The number of native Hindi speakers is about 25% of the total Indian population; however, including dialects of Hindi termed as Hindi languages, the total is around 44% of Indians, mostly accounted from the states falling under the Hindi belt. Other Indian languages are each spoken by around 10% or less of the population.[5][6]

      States can specify their own official language(s) through legislation. The section of the Constitution of India dealing with official languages therefore includes detailed provisions which deal not just with the languages used for the official purposes of the union, but also with the languages that are to be used for the official purposes of each state and union territory in the country, and the languages that are to be used for communication between the union and the states

  6. Hi I’m a westerner wanting to learn some Punjabi as have friends who speak Punjabi. Not sure if better to do beginners class in Hindi or Punjabi suggestions please?

  7. I know very little about either language but to describe Punjabi and loud and crude as opposed to Hindi as been nice and tasteful is too biased. I’ve heard Punjabi before and wouldn’t even consider it as such. Comparing the 2 is useles.

  8. I was wondering if the words in both languages are similar or not.

  9. Is the Hindi language older than Punjabi language? Which one came first?

    • Punjabi did it started becoming distinct language in 7th century and was a distinct language by 9th century. Hindi become a distinct language in 11th century but is really different than modern day hindi as now every day hindi uses a lot of Punjabi and urdu words.

    • Punjabi did it started becoming distinct language in 7th century and was a distinct language by 9th century. Hindi become a distinct language in 11th century but is really different than modern day hindi as now every day hindi uses a lot of Punjabi and urdu words

  10. I’m a white guy from Canada. I’m also very interested in languages. I’ve heard much Indian music of many Indian languages and cannot decipher one from another. Also, accents from people speaking English from any Indian language, I can not decipher any difference. Am I ignorant? I don’t think so. I just don’t know the nuances. They all sound the same to me.

  11. The Question still remain: What differs in both languages.
    The scripture? The vocabulary?
    The grammar?

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