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Difference Between Philosophy and Religion

Philosophy vs Religion

Many have come to think that philosophy and religion are the same while some argue that the two are opposite sides of the same coin. However, these two concepts are just in part true.

Philosophy and religion are related. By general understanding, religion is composed of a set of morals, rules, principles, and ethics that serve to guide one’s way of living. Philosophy, on the other hand, is a bigger domain of discipline that tackles many concepts like: metaphysics, the search for the ultimate truth, knowledge, and life itself.

Although the two are the same in having to deal with man’s life, they are still very different in various aspects like the presence of observed rituals across all world religions and the absence of such in philosophy because the latter only deals more with how people should think. So an individual cannot be entirely religious without performing some rituals stipulated by his or her religion while this same person can still be philosophical even without engaging in some religious rituals.

Another distinction between the two is the strength of belief. Religion puts an emphasis on one’s belief as the core of his religiosity. This connects to the concept of faith – the strong belief in something even if there’s no empirical evidence of such a thing or phenomenon existing. Philosophy, by contrast, will only believe if a certain subject under argument is proven to be true by using tested means of reasoning. If there’s no clearly identifiable and explainable reason for such, then it is not immediately accepted as the truth.

Religion, although considered as a subset of philosophy, involves many supernatural beliefs and superstitions some of which are already too hard to believe that philosophers constantly argue against them. Nevertheless, some philosophers (especially those from the East) happen to be strong believers in faith as well. Thus, they believe in the meanings hidden in religion and its practices that help man understand himself and the truth of life much better than someone who has no religion or who has no belief in such.


1.Philosophy is a big discipline that encompasses many subject matters as opposed to religion that is just considered as one of the subsets of philosophy.
2.Philosophy does not include the practice of rituals unlike religion.
3.Compared to philosophy, religion has stronger beliefs and highlights the power of faith.
4.Religion has more beliefs in the superstitious and the supernatural.

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