Difference Between Communism and Monarchy
Communism vs Monarchy
Communism and monarchy are some of the various forms of governments the world over. Through these organizations, leadership authority is exercised, as well as administering and controlling public policy as the government performs direction and control of its subjects. As a government grows, so does its complexity. Small governments will be easier to run and have simpler structures than large governments, which will have several interlocking levels of administration, hence more complex to administer.
Governments were formed as societies grew and people’s needs and expectations increased. One of the oldest forms of governance was monarchy. In basic terms, it is the type of rule presided over by a single individual who acquires power through inheritance and in turn will bequeath power to an heir. In a monarchy, power runs through a single family and the state is considered a private estate of the ruling monarch. Often, the monarch may not himself hold real powers but instead, regents, courtiers, ministers and power allocation is done mainly through palace intrigues. This type of monarchy is more common in recent times where a monarch has no absolute power (a monarch’s word is not an unchallenged law).
Over time, majority of monarchies transformed from absolute to constitutional monarchy, where the monarch presides over the affairs of the state within the limits of a written or unwritten constitution. Some monarchies employ a parliamentary system, in which case the monarchy’s duties will only be limited to a ceremonial one. An elected prime minister heads the government and has full political power.
Contrasting with that is the system of communism. Communism is characterized by a classless social structure where individual ownership of property isn’t possible but rather is carefully controlled. The political philosophy and social movement are geared towards a society with no classes. The Marxian definition of communism states that it is a society that is stateless, classless and free of oppression where every member of society can make decisions on policies to pursue, politically and in everyday life. Every member works and there’s collective ownership to the means of production. At present, communism refers to the policies adopted by the different communist states, which mainly is comprised of authoritarian regimes which centrally hold all powers to plan for the economies and all production means.
1. Monarchy is the rule by a single family through inheritance while communism is a classless system with no ownership of property.
2. In a monarchy (absolute) the monarch singly yields all powers while in communism, there’s collective decision making by all members.
3. A monarchy is characterized by a society highly based on class while in a communist system, classes are nonexistent.
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