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Difference Between Meccan and Medinan Suras

Meccan vs Medinan Suras

Suras, which are collections of the sayings of the Prophet Mohammed, divide the holy Quran into various chapters. The suras are considered to be sayings that had been bestowed from Allah to the Prophet Mohammed.

Meccan suras form about two-thirds of the suras that the Prophet Mohammed preached while living in Mecca, and the other one-third of suras were delivered when he was in Medina.

When comparing the two suras, the Meccan suras are short, and the Medinian ones are prolonged ones. The Meccan suras are reminiscent of the pagan soothsayers which start with oaths involving celestial objects such as stars. On the contrary, the Medinan suras contain a short span of the history of the earlier prophets, laws, and criticisms against Christians and Jews.

In the Meccan suras, one can come across sayings in which the Prophet Mohammed viewed himself as one who had been sent to warn the people like that of the prophets Jeremiah and Isaiah. In these suras, he warns the citizens in Mecca to leave their idol worship and to follow One God. In Meccan suras, Mohammed is seen to give respect to the Bible. He had advocated these in order to get the attraction of the Christians and Jews during his stay in Mecca.

In the Medinan suras, one can see a deflection of his attitude towards Christians and Jews. Though the Prophet Mohammed believed in One God, he began to preach of the differences as seen in Christian and Jewish beliefs to that of the belief in Allah. In Medinian suras there are numerous passages that warn Muslims to avoid the Jews and Christians.

While Meccan passages generally speak to the Prophet Mohammad himself or to the people, the Medinan passages are quite often addressed to his followers.

Summary:

1.Meccan suras form about two-thirds of the suras that the Prophet Mohammed preached while living in Mecca, and the other one-third of the suras were delivered when he was in Medina.
2.The Meccan suras are short and the Medinian ones are prolonged ones.
In the Meccan suras, one can come across sayings in which the Prophet Mohammed viewed himself as one who had 3.been sent to warn the people like that of the prophets Jeremiah and Isaiah.
4.In Meccan suras, Mohammed is seen to give respect to the Bible. He had advocated these in order to get the attraction of the Christians and Jews during his stay in Mecca.


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12 Comments

  1. Hi, there is a mistake in this. A surah is not the words of Muhammed peace be upon him, it is the words of God; it means chapters.
    A collection of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammed is called Hadtih.
    Thank you.

  2. Thanks you so much have really gained from this writeup and i pray it serves as benefits to me and anyone reading

    • One needs to read the Quran in its entirety to fully understand the huge differences between the Mecca and Medina portions of the Quran. While in Mecca, Muhammad had wealth, a clan i.e. his own tribe and so his writings were much more passive because he was happier. After he was exiled and relocated to Medina, his prophecy was not widely accepted. He had no clan or money either so it affected his moods and his writings became much more aggressive and violent. There is a chronological order of the Surah which is so essential to understanding Islam. Muhammed made it very clear that the most recent verses (Medina) take precedence over Mecca whenever there is an argument, thus the reason why ISIS in my opinion is not radical, they are merely following PRECISELY what Muhammad instructed. Understand I was raised a Christian and I am now atheist. I think all religions have one thing in common that makes me cringe. MEN. It is the men who wrote these ridiculous books, started these ridiculous religions ALL OF THEM which is where slavery came from, why war is declared and why they have ruled over the world in government. We still cannot get a true female into the white house. Hillary is a lesbian and she runs with the big boys. She is a crook, similar to how men operate, controlling. WOMEN BE WISE DO NOT BELIEVE MEN. THEIR TESTOSTERONE HAS COMPLETELY DESTROYED SO MANY COUNTRIES< CITIES, TRIBES and they came up with all this crap. If there was any kind of God worth meeting he would not have asked us to sacrifice animals or beat women or kill other religions, Allah, God, jehovah whoever its all made up by MALES.

      • Jessica, why not keep quiet if you don’t know the difference between meccan surah and medina surah. The fact that you don’t believe in God does not mean you should mislead other people. The prophet was happier in Medina than mecca. He got the best reception in medina. Whether the concept of God is true or false, it will be clear to u when you die. The grave is waiting for you.

  3. This article is incorrect in so many ways. Firstly, sura is the Arabic for chapter- they make up the Quran much as chapters would a book. The narrator of these chapters is not the Prophet Muhammad at all. It is God only. The Prophet’s sayings are compiled in a seperate collection called Hadith or sayings. Please do not mislead.
    Secondly, the suras are broadly divided into 2 categories- Meccan and Medinian, depending on where the Prophet was at the time they were revealed by God to him ie: whether he was in Mecca or Medina at the time. Broadly speaking the differences deal with the following and not at all what the article says: Meccan suras deal with faith, belief in God and the fate of the believers and disbelievers, whereas Medinian suras deal with the day to day lives and establishment of the new Muslim community and as such focus more on laws and the details of how to practice the religion.

  4. Infact alot of mistakes,misrepresentation,harsh wordings…quranic words are words of GOD ! Not for to impressed or to get atraction from anyone but a plain truth…

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