Difference Between RT-PCR and QPCR
RT-PCR vs QPCR
Advancements in biotechnology have resulted in the discovery of several ways to cope with the demands for organ transplants over the years. Whereas before, an individual who would voluntarily donate any organ immediately after death to a patient in need can only jump start the operation for transplants. Biologists’ continuous studies and research lead to the discovery of stem cells.
Stem cells refer to those which are taken from the DNA of an embryo which will serve as the source for the regeneration of cells that would basically be a clone of the organ where the DNA has been retrieved. While human rights activists lobby for the halting of such procedures, successful operations have indeed proven the effectiveness of stem cell developments in organ transplants.
Before one can appreciate and fully understand stem cells, nonetheless, there is a need to be familiarized with the different terminologies associated with this scientific discovery. Stem cell cultivation deals with DNA and its coding. Thus, it is just proper for the students or any individual interested in the field to differentiate RT-PCR and qPCR.
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is one of the many variants of polymerase chain reaction or PCR. This laboratory technique is widely used in molecular biology in order for the scientists to produce multiple copies of a particular DNA sequence through a process coined as “amplification.” The difference of RT-PCR from traditional PCR is that RNA is first transcribed in reverse into its DNA complement which utilizes the reverse transcriptase. The new complementary DNA containing the reversed transcription will then be amplified using the traditional PCR or real-time PCR.
Most students studying this process often make a mistake of interchanging reverse transcription PCR and real-time PCR as the two are abbreviated similarly. To avoid confusion, biologists label the real-time PCR as quantitative real-time PCR or qPCR.
QPCR differs greatly from RT-PCR because the qPCR is responsible for measuring the amplification as it occurs. It can be said that RT-PCR starts the amplification process while the qPCR measures it as the procedure takes place.
QPCR actually revolutionized the traditional one-way approach method when it comes to quantifying DNA and RNA as applying the qPCR method makes it possible for the biologists to determine the initial concentration of the nuclei acid even before the results of the reaction has been gathered and jotted down.
The application of qPCR, which is now considered the most powerful and sensitive analysis technique for genetic studies, has widened significantly. It is currently involved in the quantitative gene expression analysis, genotyping, pathogen detection, analysis of SNP, along with RNA interference measurements.
QPCR is often combined with the process of reverse transcription to quantify the messenger RNA and MicroRNA present in the cells of tissues observed and experimented with. This, then, gives another visible difference between the two: RT-PCR can be used for the amplification process, but it needs to be fused with qPCR for quantification purposes.
The qPCR is also known to be more quantitative as the data can be collected as the exponential growth (log) phase of the PCR progresses. Biologists note that the quantity of the biproduct of PCR is directly proportional to the amount of template nucleic acid which will be measured through qPCR.
On the other hand, RT-PCR is far from having a quantitative nature as the observance of the intensity of the amplified band on a gel following the set standard of a concentration may lead to having “semi-quantitative” inference.
1.QPCR and RT-PCR are both used in biotechnology and used for the production of multiple copies of DNA.
2.RT-PCR is used to amplify the reversed transcription of the DNA code. QPCR measures the amplification.
3.RT-PCR is for amplification, qPCR is for quantification.
4.QPCR is quantitative in nature while RT-PCR is not.
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