Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Analysis and Synthesis

Analysis Vs Synthesis

Analysis is like the process of deduction wherein you cut down a bigger concept into smaller ones. As such, analysis breaks down complex ideas into smaller fragmented concepts so as to come up with an improved understanding. Synthesis, on the other hand, resolves a conflict set between an antithesis and a thesis by settling what truths they have in common. In the end, the synthesis aims to make a new proposal or proposition.

Derived from the Greek word ‘analusis’ which literally means ‘a breaking up,’ analysis is, by far, mostly used in the realm of logic and mathematics even before the time of the great philosopher Aristotle. When learners are asked to analyze a certain concept or subject matter, they are encouraged to connect different ideas or examine how each idea was composed. The relation of each idea that connects to the bigger picture is studied. They are also tasked to spot for any evidences that will help them lead into a concrete conclusion. These evidences are found by discovering the presence of biases and assumptions.

Synthesizing is different because when the learners are asked to synthesize, they already try to put together the separate parts that have already been analyzed with other ideas or concepts to form something new or original. It’s like they look into varied resource materials to get insights and bright ideas and from there, they form their own concepts.

Similar definitions of synthesis (from other sources) state that it is combining two (or even more) concepts that form something fresh. This may be the reason why synthesis in chemistry means starting a series of chemical reactions in order to form a complex molecule out of simpler chemical precursors. In botany, plants perform their basic function of photosynthesis wherein they use the sunlight’s energy as catalyst to make an organic molecule from a simple carbon molecule. In addition, science professors use this term like bread and butter to denote that something is being made. When they mention about amino acid (the building blocks of proteins) synthesis, then it is the process of making amino acids out of its many basic elements or constituents. But in the field of Humanities, synthesis (in the case of philosophy) is the end product of dialectic (i.e. a thesis) and is considered as a higher process compared to analysis.

When one uses analysis in Chemistry, he will perform any of the following: (quantitative analysis) search for the proportionate components of a mixture, (qualitative analysis) search for the components of a specific chemical, and last is to split chemical processes and observe any reactions that occur between the individual elements of matter.

1. Synthesis is a higher process that creates something new. It is usually done at the end of an entire study or scientific inquiry.
2. Analysis is like the process of deduction wherein a bigger concept is broken down into simpler ideas to gain a better understanding of the entire thing.


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