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Difference Between Chlamydia and Herpes

What is Chlamydia and Herpes?

Both the diseases are sexually transmitted infections. However, Chlamydia is caused by bacteria known as Chlamydia trachomatis and Herpes is caused by a virus known as herpes simplex virus.

 

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is found in the vaginal fluids and the infected semen. It is a STI (sexually transmitted infection) that transfers from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby, through sex without a protection (condom) or by sharing sex toys with a partner who is infected with chlamydia (even if no symptoms are there). 

 

Herpes

A common STD (sexually transmitted disease or infection) marked by genital pain and sores. It is self-diagnosable and genital herpes spreads by sexual contact and in case the condition is chronic, it may last for very long years or even be lifelong. Treatment usually helps, but this medical condition can not be cured.

 

Difference between Chlamydia and Herpes

Definition

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common, sexually transmitted infection that may not show any symptoms. It is present in infected semen and vaginal fluids

Herpes

Herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) marked by sores and genital pain. It is spread through skin contact during anal, vaginal or oral sex.

Symptoms

Chlamydia

  • Burning sensation while peeing 
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Tender or swollen testicles
  • Bleeding and spotting between monthly periods
  • Strong smell in the vaginal discharge
  • Abnormal (yellowish) vaginal discharge in women
  • Lower belly pain.
  • Pus or a watery/milky discharge from the penis in men

Herpes

  • Red, cracked, or raw areas around the genitals without tingling, itching, or pain
  • Irritation and Itching around the anal region or the genitals
  • Pain in the back
  • Flu-like symptoms, including fatigue, fever, and swollen lymph nodes
  • Headaches
  • Tiny blisters that cause painful sores after breaking open. These usually can be seen on rectal areas, thighs, buttocks and on or around the genitals (penis or vagina). Rarely, some blisters can occur inside the urethra — the tube urine travels through on its way out of your body.
  • Pain and difficulty while peeing over the sores – a typical problem especially in women.

Causes

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is caused by unprotected oral, vaginal or anal sex with a person. Genital contact also passes on chlamydia. As the infection shows no symptoms in at least seventy percent of the carriers, individuals carrying the infection could pass it on to their sexual partners without any knowledge of them being infected.

The infection is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis).

Herpes

The herpes simplex virus, also termed as HSV, is an infection that is a cause of herpes. The infection affects various parts of the body, like the genitals or mouth. There are 2 types of the HSV.

  • HSV-1- This virus causes oral herpes through sores on the skin, oral secretions, kissing, sharing lip balm, sharing toothbrushes or eating from the same utensils and symptoms are blisters around the face and mouth and cold sores.
  • HSV-2 – This virus causes genital herpes a person gets infected with herpes type 2 infection through sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection.

Diagnosis

Chlamydia

Diagnosis and screening of chlamydia is relatively simple. Some tests include:

  • A urine test – Urine sample is tested in the lab to detect presence of this STI.
  • A swab – In case of females, the doctor takes a swab of the cervix discharge for antigen testing or culture testing. This is done by means of routine Pap test. Some females prefer to swab their vaginas themselves, which has been confirmed to be as diagnostic as doctor-obtained swabs.

In case of men, the doctor puts a slim swab into the end of the penis in order to obtain sample from the urethra to check this infection.

Herpes

  • Viral culture test – A tissue from a sore is taken for examination in the laboratory.
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test – A tissue from a sore or spinal fluid or blood sample is taken and DNA is copied. The DNA is tested to determine the infection by HSV.
  • Blood test – Blood sample is tested to determine the presence of HSV antibodies for detecting a past herpes infection.

Treatment

Chlamydia

Oral antibiotics, usually azithromycin (Zithromax) or doxycycline. Women with severe infection may need intravenous antibiotics (medicine given through a vein), hospitalization, and pain medicine.

Patients’ need to be re-tested after 3 months once after taking antibiotics, to ensure the infection is cured. Do not have sexual intercourse until you and your partner both are free from this infectious disease.

Herpes

Treatment may include antiviral medications such as valaciclovir or Acyclovir. For pain and easing the herpes symptoms – aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen, can be helpful. Doctors even recommend soaking the affected area in warm water.

 

Summary of Chlamydia vs. Herpes

The points of difference between Chlamydia and Herpes have been summarized below:

 

Dr. Amita Fotedar -Dr

Research Consultant: PhD in Environmental Sciences at History of working in Elite Research Institutes like United Nations Development Program
Dr Amita Fotedar is an experienced Research Consultant with a demonstrated history of working in elite Research Institutes like United Nations Development Programme, Istanbul, Turkey, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India and International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Srilanka.
Skilled in Biological Sciences, Environmental Health, Natural Resources, Water Resource Management, and Renewable Energy, she has a PhD in Environmental Sciences from the University of Jammu, India. Apart from her PhD, she has a Post Graduate Diploma in International Studies from International Pacific University, New Zealand Campus, and has also been rewarded a certification in Climate Studies from Harvard University (EdX). She is a recipient of Academic Excellence Award from International Pacific University, New Zealand campus. At present she is pursuing MicroMasters in Sustainable Energy from The University of Queensland, Australia.
She is a Co- founder and Research Advisor for a New Zealand based Sustainability and Environmental Services Entity and is also a member of the Environmental Peacebuilding Association at SDG Academy, offering mentorship (a collaborative network of academic and research institutions under the auspices of UN Secretary-General). She has around 35 national and international publications to her credit.
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4 Comments

  1. I have been suffering from a deadly disease (HERPES) for the past 3 years now, I had spent a lot of money going from one places to another, from churches to churches, hospitals have been my home every day residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching through the internet, I saw a testimony on how Robinson.buckler helped someone in curing his HERPES disease, quickly I copied his email which is (Robinson.buckler@ yahoo. com) just to give him a test I spoke to him, he asked me to do some certain things which I did, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he did, then he asked me to go for medical checkup after some days after using the herbal cure, behold I was free from the deadly disease, he only asked me to post the testimony through the whole world, faithfully am doing it now, please brothers and sisters, he is great,.

  2. I have been having herpes since the past two years now, and I have passed through many different processes in getting rid of the diseases but nothing was working out. A friend of mine introduced me to a doctor (DR JOE ww w. besthealthherbalcentre. co m) who sent me herbal medicines which he prepared for me, and my life got transformed and everything was fine and okay with me. Till now I have been going to check up and it is now going to four be months and I am still negative.

  3. HERPES BREAKTHROUGH
    Have tried almost everything but I couldn’t find any solution to my Herpes Virus, despite all these happening to me, I always spend a lot to buy drugs from hospital and taking some several medications but no relieve, until one day I came across a testimony of ‘Linda’ who truly said that she was with Herpes Virus for 2 years and was cured through the help of Dr Ahmed Usman so I quickly contacted the doctor email which I found on the testimony, and he asked me some few questions so after much discussion he sent the herbal medicine to my country and after taking his medicine for the period of time he prescribed, I noticed a very huge difference in my health, the sores on my genital parts were gone so I went to the hospital to have a re-test to the disease and the doctor said I am Herpes Negative, I am very happy about the healing Dr. Ahmed Usman gave to me from the help of his ancient herbs But if you feel like contacting Dr. Ahmed Usman at once you can email him now for your own cure too at :(drahmedusman5104 @ g m a i l .com).

  4. I cured my Genital herpes and Warts with Herbal Medicine, I will tell you it is safe and reliable, I came across a testimony on youtube of Herpes Breakthrough which I contacted the doctors email on the testimony. Dr Ahmed replied me and after much discussion sent the herbal medicine to my country which I took for two weeks and my warts were cured with my Herpes virus contact him and get your cure. His herbal medicine is globally approved.

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References :


[0]Malhotra, M., Sood, S., Mukherjee, A., Muralidhar, S., & Bala, M. (2013). Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: an update. The Indian journal of medical research, 138(3), 303.

[1]Sauerbrei, A. (2016). Herpes genitalis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde, 76(12), 1310-1317.

[2]Whitley, R. J., & Roizman, B. (2001). Herpes simplex virus infections. The lancet, 357(9267), 1513-1518.

[3]Witkin, S. S., Minis, E., Athanasiou, A., Leizer, J., & Linhares, I. M. (2017). Chlamydia trachomatis: the persistent pathogen. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 24(10), e00203-17.

[4]Image credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlamydia_trachomatis#/media/File:Chlamydae_Life_Cycle.svg

[5]Image credit: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Herpes_labialis_-_opryszczka_wargowa.jpg

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