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Difference between Hormones and Period

“Hormones” and “period” are both associated with menstruation, reproduction, and emotions. However, hormones specifically pertain to the body’s chemical messengers which are secreted into the blood stream by the endocrine glands. On the other hand, period particularly refers to the menstruation cycle which is facilitated by the female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. The following paragraphs further delve into such differences. 

 

What is “Hormones”?

Hormones came from the Greek word,hormōn”, which translates to “impel” or “set in motion”. These chemicals set several physiological mechanisms in motion such as growth, lactation, and menstruation. They are produced by the endocrine glands and are secreted into the blood stream; thus, making their impact quite potent. 

The following are some of the major hormones and their functions secreted by their respective endocrine glands: 

Endocrine Gland Hormones Functions
Pituitary Gland  Growth hormone  Facilitates growth and maintains tissues and organs
  Adrenocorticotropic Hormone  Targets the adrenal gland to secrete its hormone 
  Thyroid Stimulating Hormone  Targets the thyroid to secrete its hormone 
  Luteinizing Hormone Stimulate the sex-glands to produce their respective hormones 
  Follicle-stimulating hormone 
  Prolactin  Stimulates the mammary glands for milk production 
  Anti-diuretic hormone  Facilitates the kidneys’ water retention
Pineal Gland Melatonin  Induces sleep 
Thyroid Gland Thyroxin  Metabolism, body-temperature regulation, affects emotions 
Parathyroid Gland Parathormone  Controls level of calcium and phosphorous 
Thymus  T-lymphocytes  Strengthens immune system 
Adrenals Adrenaline and Noradrenaline  Controls emergency and stress responses 
Pancreas Glucagon  Increases blood sugar level 
  Insulin  Decreases blood sugar level 
Ovaries Estrogen and Progesterone Regulates secondary sex characteristics, sexual behavior, pregnancy, and menstrual cycle
Testes  Testosterone  Regulates secondary sex characteristics, sexual behavior, and sperm production 

 

What is Period?

“Period” came from the Greek word “periodos” which literally means “orbit”, “course”, or “recurrence”. As women have their menses “recurrently”, having one’s “period” is one of the popular colloquial terms. Most women have their first periods by age 12 or 13 and stop getting them at the age of 45 to 55. 

The following are the phases of the menstrual cycle: 

  1. Menstruation: The thickened lining of the uterus which is composed of blood, endometrial cells, and mucus flows out through the vagina. 
  2. Follicular stage: The pituitary gland secretes follicle stimulating hormone, a chemical that targets the ovaries to produces follicles which contain immature eggs. Normally, only one follicle fully grows into a mature egg. 
  3. Ovulation: The mature egg is then released and funneled to the uterus through the fallopian tube. 
  4. Luteal stage: After the egg comes out from its follicle, the broken follicle develops into a structure called the corpus luteum which releases hormones to thicken the uterus lining for the implantation of the fertilized egg. If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum expires which causes the uterus lining to fall away as menses (first phase). 

 

Difference between Hormones and Period

  1. Definition 

Hormones are chemical messengers which are produced by the endocrine system while period is a euphemism for menstruation cycle. 

  1. Function

Hormones regulate various body mechanisms such as menstruation while having a period eliminates the dead corpus luteum and other uterine wastes when pregnancy does not occur. 

  1. Medical Term

Hormones is more of a medical term as period is a euphemism for the more technical term, menstruation cycle. 

  1. Etymology

Hormones came from the Greek word, “hormōn”, which translates to “impel” or “set in motion”. Period came from the Greek word “periodos” which literally means “orbit”, “course”, or “recurrence”.

  1. Cause and Effect

Hormones, specifically estrogen, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and progesterone cause periods to occur. 

  1. Range of Meaning

Regarding its range of meaning, “hormones” is more specific as it refers to the chemical messengers in the body. On the other hand, “period” may refer to conjunction, span of time, or menstruation. 

  1. Types

There are more or less 50 different types of hormones which circulate in the human body. On the other hand, a period may be generally classified into four: heavy or menorrhagia, painful or dysmenorrhea, irregular or oligomenorrhea, and missed or amenorrhea.  

  1. Location

Since hormones are secreted into the blood stream, they are situated in the different parts of the body. On the contrary, period is only confined in the uterus and vagina. 

  1. Gender

Hormones are associated with both males and females while period only occurs among females. 

  1. Developmental Stage

Hormones are present in various levels all throughout the lifespan while periods only start to occur during puberty and end during the menopausal stage. 

Hormones vs Period

 

Summary of Hormones vs Period

  • “Hormones” and “period” are both associated with menstruation, reproduction, and emotions.
  • Hormones are produced by their respective endocrine glands. 
  • The main hormones responsible for menstruation are estrogen, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and progesterone. 
  • The key glands responsible for menstruation are the pituitary gland and ovaries. 
  • Hormones specifically pertain to the body’s chemical messengers while period particularly refers to the menstruation cycle. 
  • Hormones is more of a medical term than period. 
  • Hormones came from the Greek word, “hormōn”, which translates “set in motion” while period came from the Greek word “periodos” which means “recurrence”.
  • Hormones cause periods to occur. 
  • Period has more varied meanings. 
  • There are around 50 types of hormones while there are generally four types of periods. 
  • Hormones permeate the body while one’s period only involves the uterus and the vagina. 
  • Hormones involve both sexes while periods only occur in females. 
  • Hormones are present all throughout the lifespan while periods commence during puberty and end during menopause. 

 

gene balinggan

Gene Balinggan is a Registered Psychologist, licensed professional teacher, and a freelance academic and creative writer. She has been teaching social science courses both in the undergrad and graduate levels. Some of the major subjects which she is handling are Theories of Personality, Experimental Psychology, Historical Foundations of Psychology, and Abnormal Psychology.She co-authored a manual in General Psychology and a textbook, “Understanding the Self”. She is also currently the Psychology-Behavioral Science Society adviser in their university. Gene has also been a research adviser and panel member in a number of psychology and special education paper presentations. Her certifications include TESOL (Tampa, Florida), Psychiatric Ward Practicum Certification (Baguio General Hospital), Outcome-Based Education, and Marker of Diploma Courses (Community Training Australia). She finished her BS Psychology at Saint Louis University and her MAT Special Education and MA Psychology at the University of the Cordilleras.

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References :


[0]Briden, Lara. Period Repair Manual. Christchurch, NZ: Lara Briden, 2017. Print. 

[1]Gravelle, Karen and Gravelle, Jennifer. The Period Book. New York, NY: Bloomsbury USA Childrens, 2017. Print. 

[2]Holmes, Melissa and Hutchison, Trish. There’s Something New about You. Mt. Pleasant, SC: 3 LEAF Press, 2010. Print. 

[3]Image credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hormone.jpg

[4]Image credit: https://www.maxpixel.net/Rule-Menstrual-Menstruation-Cycle-Period-Cup-3137095

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