People come across the terms motivation and inspiration quite often during the day, and many of them begin to use those terms interchangeably, as if they were synonyms. However, they’re not – they have, in fact, two completely different meanings. These meanings can be better understood by looking at the origin of each term.
Motivation stems from the Latin term “motivus”, which means moving. And motivation is exactly that, something that moves us towards accomplishing a goal or doing any other action. In other words, it’s the driving force, that pushes us forward.
In order to have motivation, you need to have a motive. That motive can be rooted in anything, you might want to do something for your own good, or for someone else’s, or you might have a completely different motive for doing something – the options are limitless and highly dependent on individual cases, but the core idea remains the same.
On the other hand, there’s inspiration. This term carries quite a lot of ambiguity and can be used to describe several things that are not completely similar. Therefore, I’ll only focus on one, most common meaning of the term inspiration, and that is artistic inspiration.
I’ll briefly go over psychological inspiration, but, since it’s not a very common research topic in psychology, I’ll mostly focus on the artistic inspiration and inspiration in general. Namely, inspiration is mostly regarded as something that happens in our minds, on the “inside”. Looking at the origin of the term can be helpful here as well – “inspirare” means “to breathe into” in Latin, and pretty accurately describes what inspiration is. In other words, it’s a kind of “inner awakening”, a sudden burst of creativity and productivity that was triggered by something – an event, another piece of art, a book, a movie, etc…
Now it can be easier to see that these are, in fact, two completely different terms. The main difference comes from the fact that motivation is something “outward”, a goal to which we strive, and the force that pushes us towards that goal, whereas inspiration is something “inward”, a sudden burst of creativity and productivity that is triggered by something on the outside that connected with our personality and resonated well with it.
What is Motivation?
Motivation was extensively researched in psychology (as opposed to inspiration), and currently there are several theories that describe it in different manners. The theory most commonly referred to is the incentive theory. The incentive theory distinguishes between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is the thing that attracts us to new challenges, the thing that makes us feel the need to gain new knowledge and realize just how capable we are, as well as research our boundaries.
In other words, intrinsic motivation is what’s been pushing humanity to develop civilizations and advance in many areas of science. Extrinsic motivation is anything other than that, it’s the type of motivation that we do for a certain outcome. If I know I’ll get some money if I do something, I feel an extrinsic motivation pushing me to do that something, since I’m not just doing it for the sake of doing it.
- Motivation is the moving force that pushes us toward our goal
- The distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is made based on where the roots of our motivation for a certain action are
- It’s fundamentally “outward”, since the motives are found in the outer world and not in the psyche
What is Inspiration?
As I’ve mentioned above, the term inspiration carries a lot of ambiguity. It can have different meanings depending on the context – it can be artistic, biblical, creative, psychological… the list goes on. Therefore, I will focus on the most common and well-known kind of inspiration, the artistic inspiration. There are many songs that were written since the ancient times about their writers finding inspiration in their muse – which was usually a woman, but it can be anything that brings them inspiration and allows them to create art freely. The concept of the muse can be used to describe what artistic inspiration is. Basically, something that we perceive in a certain way (read, see, hear, smell…) can evoke a feeling of ecstatic creativity and will to create something new. These triggers are unique for each person, and can practically be anything, as long as it somehow carries a deeper meaning that resonates well with the person’s own mentality.
- Inspiration is the sudden burst of creativity and productivity triggered by either our own personality or something that resonated well with our personality, evoking inspiration
- In different areas, inspiration can carry different meanings, so there are artistic, psychological, biblical, creative, etc…
- It’s fundamentally “inward”, closely connected to our own personality and mentality
Differences Between Motivation and Inspiration
Where it comes from
This is what I referred to as being “inward” our “outward”. Motivation comes from external factors. These can be extrinsic, such as rewards or social status, or intrinsic, such as our stubbornness to solve tough problems that we see as a challenge and push ourselves over our limits. Inspiration, however, comes from within a person. Therefore, motivation is more closely connected to external stimuli, while inspiration is based on the internal stimuli.
How to evoke it
This is closely connected to the previous point. Since motivation is connected to external stimuli, the things that will evoke it are exactly those external stimuli, whereas that would be different for inspiration, since inspiration is only evoked when we resonate with an idea on our inner, personal level.
Scientific background of Motivation and Inspiration
Motivation has been extensively researched and is a very active scientific area, whereas inspiration hasn’t been researched much further since Carl Gustav Jung tried to define it.
Motivation vs. Inspiration: Comparison chart for Motivation and Inspiration
|Stems from our perception of the outer world||Stems from our personality and mentality|
|Evoked through external stimuli||Evoked through internal stimuli|
|Extensively researched||An “artistic” expression without much scientific background|
Summary of Motivation and Inspiration
- Motivation is the force that pushes us forward, evoked through external stimuli
- Inspiration is a burst of creativity and productivity evoked through the resonance between our inner selves and something else
- A person needs both motivation and inspiration in order to fully succeed
- The main difference is in the means of evocation and the focus of each term
- There is a significant difference in the scientific research conducted on each term, with motivation being much more researched than inspiration