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Difference Between Local and General Anesthesia

Local vs General Anesthesia

In people working in the medical field, such as nurses and doctors, people are used to medical diseases and interventions. Medical people also know how to differentiate and assess individual people who are having an illness and disease. This is important for them to diagnose and properly intervene when someone is sick.

In body operations, doctors use anesthesia to relieve the patient from extreme and excruciating pain. There are a lot of types of anesthesia, but the most common is local and general anesthesia. Let us examine the differences.

General anesthesia is a type of anesthesia that is used in major body system surgeries that are needed to depress the whole body. There is harm in using general anesthesia so a qualified anesthesiologist must be present during the procedure. There are risks for the fact that major organs are also suppressed and depressed during the procedure such as the lungs and diaphragm. Thus, careful monitoring must be implemented during the procedure. Examples of surgeries that are in need of general anesthesia are major surgeries such as a heart transplant, brain surgery, repair of hip fractures, and a lot more. The side effects of general anesthesia are also big risks so nurses and doctors carefully monitor a patient post-operation.

Local anesthesia, on the other hand, is a type of anesthesia that is used in suppressing a part of the body only. When used, other senses may not be affected such as consciousness, hearing, sight, smell, and a lot more. It is used mostly in minor surgeries such as dental procedures like tooth extractions. It can also be used in circumcision, in dermatological and facial enhancements, and many other procedures. It is also less risky to use than general anesthesia. An anesthesiologist is not needed at times of induction of local anesthesia because the surgeon can monitor this by him or herself.

An anesthesiologist or a doctor who has studied medicine and trained to anesthetize patients is

responsible for medicating patients during these kinds of procedures. They are responsible for

assessing the patient before the surgery, during the surgery, and after the surgery. With their skills,

operations and surgeries will flow smoothly together with the surgeon and the nurses.


1. Local anesthesia suppresses pain in a part of the body only while general anesthesia involves

suppressing pain in the whole body.

2. Local anesthesia can be administered by the doctor without the help of an anesthesiologist while in

general anesthesia an anesthesiologist must be present.

3. In general anesthesia there is greater risk of fatality compared to local anesthesia.


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