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Difference Between Czechoslovakia and Czech Republic

Czechoslovakia vs Czech Republic

Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic refer to names of countries. Czechoslovakia was a country which existed from 1918 to 1992; it does not exist anymore and was divided peacefully into two different nations, the Czech Republic and Slovakia on January 1st, 1993. Before these two countries divided, the Czech Republic and Slovakia were together called Czechoslovakia.

Czechoslovakia was a sovereign state. It was established October, 1918 after gaining independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was a country located in Central Europe. It was one of the very few countries which could preserve its democratic status during the two World Wars. This country saw much political turmoil from 1939 -1945. It was forced to divide and be incorporated partially into Nazi Germany. During this time, Czechoslovakia did not de facto exist. Meaning, it was in practice there but was not officially established. The government was referred to as “government in exile.” In 1945, after World War II, the eastern part of Czechoslovakia, called Carpathian Ruthenia, was annexed by the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia stayed a Communist country from 1948-1989. The capital of Czechoslovakia was Prague. After the Velvet Revolution, a peaceful, non-violent end came for the Communist government. In November, 1989 Czechoslovakia became a democracy again. Later, two separate nations were formed in 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Czechoslovakia was a multi-ethnic country. It consisted of a population of various ethnicities like Czechs who were 51 per cent, Germans 22 per cent, Slovaks 16 per cent, Hungarians 5 per cent, and Rusyns 4 per cent.

Czech Republic
The Czech Republic was established on January 1st, 1993. It is a landlocked, Parliamentary representative democracy in Central Europe. It has many neighbors: Germany in the northwest, Austria in the south, Slovakia in the east, and Poland in the northeast. It is a member of NATO, European Union, OSCE, Council of Europe, OECD, and Visegrad Group.

The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague. It possesses the status of a high-income nation and a developed nation of the European Union. It is considered the third most peaceful nation in Europe and has a very high human development status. It is also considered the most democratic country and, depending upon infant mortality, one of the healthiest countries of the region.

According to the 2011 census, the ethnic distribution includes; Czechs 63.7 per cent, Moravians 4.9 per cent, Slovaks 1.4 per cent, Poles 0.4 per cent, Germans 0.2 per cent, and Silesians 0.1 per cent.


1.Czechoslovakia was established in October, 1918 after gaining independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 2.The Czech Republic was established on January 1st, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia into two separate nations, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
3.Czechoslovakia changed its political status many times. It was democratic between the Interwar Years, became Communist from 1948-1989, and again became a democracy after the Velvet Revolution. The Czech Republic since its establishment has been a democracy till now.
4.The population of different ethnicities of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic are very different.
5.Czechoslovakia does not exist anymore.

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1 Comment

  1. Excellent information. Sounds like a wonderful place to live.

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