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Difference Between Syria and Assyria

Syria vs Assyria

Assyria was an ancient civilization. The Assyrians were Semitic people who lived in what is now modern Syria and present-day Iraq before the Arabs came to live in Assyria. Assyria was the Akkadian kingdom which extended between the rivers Furat and Dajla. In Syria, most of the people speak Arabic, but there are still some people who speak Aramaic which was the Assyrian language.

Assyria was a kingdom which existed between the 23rd century BC and 608 BC. It was built in Mesopotamia or what is now modern Iraq on the Tigris River. Assyria was named after the city Assur and also called Subartu. Assyria came into existence after the fall of the Akkadian kingdom. The Sargon of Akkad tried to unite the different territories and regional leaders who spoke Akkadian, but when it fell in 2154 BC, two kingdoms were formed; Assyria, which was in the north, and Babylon which was in the south.

Some other names used for Assyria are: Athura, Asuristan, and Syria. Assyria, in general, can be referred to as the geographical area where the Assyrian kingdom flourished, and the descendants of the Assyrians still live in these areas. These Assyrians form the minority population of Christians in northern Syria, modern Iraq, Turkey, and western Iran.

Syria is formally known as Syrian Arab Republic. It includes some regions of ancient Assyria, the coastline of the Eastern Mediterranean, and the Syrian desert. It is situated in western Asia and borders the Mediterranean Sea and Lebanon in the west, Iraq in the east, Turkey in the north, Israel in the southwest, and Jordan in the south. The capital of Syria is Damascus which is the oldest city that has been continuously inhabited.

Modern-day Syria comprises many ancient kingdoms like: the Ebla civilization, Umayyad Caliphate, and Mamluk Sultanate of modern-day Egypt. The population of Syria is 90 per cent Muslim, but Muslims are differentiated into 74 per cent Sunni and 13 per cent Shia Muslims. The minority is comprised of 10 per cent Christians and 3 per cent Druze. The Christians are comprised of ethnic Assyrians, Arab Christians, and Armenians.

Syria became independent in April, 1946. It had been established as a French mandate after the First World War. It gained the status of a Parliamentary republic after its independence.


1.Assyria was an ancient civilization of Semitic people who lived in modern Syria and present-day Iraq before the Arabs came to live in Assyria while Syria includes some regions of ancient Assyria, the coastline of the Eastern Mediterranean, and the Syrian desert.

2.People living in Assyria were called Assyrians and they spoke Aramaic. People living in Syria are comprised of a population which is 90 per cent Muslim who speak Arabic. The minority is comprised of 10 per cent Christians and 3 per cent Druze.

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  1. Dear Sirs.

    Good day

    The flag you show hear is not Syrian Arab Republic flag, it is the flag of the Insurgents.
    Best regards,

    Dia Salem

    • You are absolutely right. The syrian flag will always have only two green stars with the black, red and white colour.
      It will change even if the enemy want that

  2. Syria was part of the Roman Empire for more than a thousand years. Its was overtaken during the collapse of the Empire by Arabs, Turks

  3. praying that Christianity will prevail

  4. Bilo bi super kad bi se stvorila Židovsko-Kršćanska Levantska Unija od Sinaja do Iraka.Arapi i muslimani nek se vrate u svoju postojbinu južnije,Arabiju.Levant je kolijevka Biblije tj.Židova i Kršćana a ne došljačkog Islama.Bez podrške svih Kršćana sa Zapada ili Rusije naravno to je utopija.Levant je i pao u ruke muslimanskih okupatora u 7.stoljeću jer su bili prekinuli veze sa sa svojim Kršćanskim potomcima u Europi.Da su imali veze sa Europom daleko teže bi muslimani okupirali taj teritorij.Ali nikad nije kasno za novi početak pa ni danas.Treba vjerovati.

  5. Pray for the peace of Syria

  6. In that day there will be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria; and the Egyptians will worship with the Assyrians. In that day, Israel will be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, a blessing within the earth; because Yahweh of Armies has blessed them, saying, “Blessed be Egypt my people, Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel my inheritance.”
    Isaiah 19:23‭-‬25 WEB
    Is this what is happening today with Trump’s peace accord?

  7. Were Assyrians black race?

  8. In Isaiah 7, both Assyria and Syria are mentioned but don’t seem to be the same kingdom. I.e. vs 1-2, 8, and others mention Syria being Ephraim, then 17, which seems to say Assyria is Judah. Please explain.

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