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Differences Between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox Churches

Differences Between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox Churches

Roman Catholic vs. Greek Orthodox Churches

During the fourth century, Christianity revolved around five main areas: Constantinople (today’s Turkey), Alexandria (Egypt), Jerusalem (Israel), Antioch (Greece), and Rome (Italy). But when Islam started to flourish, the primary centers of focus became Constantinople and Rome. With this, later on, the powers in these centers started to diminish, leading to the East-West Schism or the Great Schism in 1054 AD. And so came the birth of the Greek Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox), similar to Roman Catholicism in ways largely related to the teachings of the Apostles and Jesus Christ.

As these two religions were nourished, however, certain differences emerged; they are carried by their believers’ faith to this day. The first difference is relates to the Pope. For the Roman Catholics, the Pope is infallible; he can contradict lower ranking church leaders. On the other hand, Greek Orthodox believers consider a ‘highest bishop’, also known as the ‘first among equals’. This bishop is not infallible and does not have supreme authority over the churches.

Another difference between these two is related to the language used during church services. In Roman Catholic churches, services are held in Latin, while in Greek Orthodox churches, native languages are used.

Another difference between the two religions is the concept of original sin. Even though both believe in the so-called ‘original sin’ that can be purified through baptism, they have varying ideas regarding its effects on humanity. They also differ when it comes to how it can be applied to Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ. For Catholics, Mary was born with no original sin. According to the Greek Orthodox, Mary – just like all other humans – was born and will then die. She was selected to be Christ’s mother due to her righteous life.

Aside from these major differences, there are some minor ones as well. One of these is related to icons and statues. Churches of the Eastern Orthodox pay homage to icons, while Roman Catholic ones have statues.

Additionally, in the Roman Catholic Church, the doctrines, which are changed over time by popes, bishops, and other known instruments of the Holy Spirit, are considered to be more intellectual, bearing the enlightenment provided by the Spirit itself. This is in line with what they call ‘Doctrinal Development’. Meanwhile, for the other religion, the New Testament must not be changed. For Eastern Orthodox believers, the early Church and the Bible must not be altered in any way; for them, this is a way to avoid heresies and false doctrines, and abide by Jesus’s warning that tells them to be cautious of human traditions connected to Christ’s doctrines.

Furthermore, Eastern Orthodox priests are allowed to marry before they are ordinated, while in the Roman Catholic Church, priests cannot marry.

Additionally, Eastern Orthodox believers do not accept the concept of purgatory as well as the Stations of the Cross, as opposed to the Roman Catholics.

In relation to the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist, while Roman Catholics make use of an unleavened wafer, members of the Greek Orthodox Church use unleavened bread. They also have differences in the calculations of the days pertaining to Easter and Christmas.

The Greek Orthodox is considered to be very mystical and dependent on spiritual practices, while Roman Catholic beliefs  tend to be too legalistic and dependent upon intellectual speculation.

Summary:

1. Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox believers both believe in the same God.
2. Roman Catholics deem the Pope as infallible, while Greek Orthodox believers don’t.
3. Roman Catholics believe that Mary is free from original sin, while Greek Orthodox believers don’t.
4. Roman Catholic priests cannot marry, while priests in the Greek Orthodox can marry before they are ordinated.
5. Latin is the main language used during Roman Catholic services, while Greek Orthodox churches use native languages.
6. Roman Catholics venerate statues as much as Greek Orthodox believers venerate icons.
7. Doctrines can be changed in Roman Catholicism, as opposed to Greek Orthodox.
8. Unlike Roman Catholics, Greek Orthodox believers do not accept the concepts of purgatory and Stations of the Cross.


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130 Comments

  1. One note of inaccuracy: Roman Catholic masses are also primarily in the native languages. This use of the “vernacular” has been in place since the second Vatican Council in 1965.

  2. As a Catholic, my belief is that we do not. ..do not venerate statues.
    We have them as reminders of those who have gone before, much like family photographs. But. we do not venerate a statue.

    • I was baptized Greek Orthodox and would like to believe that Mary mother of Christ was born and died without sin.

      • In catholic belief the mary was born without original sin and she was not died rather taken up to the heaven with her human body

        • If Mary was married to Joseph and yet someone other than Joseph (god) is the father of Jesus wouldn’t hold true that Mary was an adulterous and as such a whole lot of sin. Religion was concocted by man as a means of control. If the ancient believers did truly believe then there would be just one religion and not the splintering over time that has occurred. More lives has been lost due to religious wars and yet these warriors violate the commandment “Thou shall not Kill”. Therefore, those who claim to be religious are merely hypocritical.

          • Please read the Bible. Boils down to faith. Just like those that believe in the theory of evolution when it cannot be proven through the scientific method that “life” or organic matter can be created from nothing, and then a single cell organism that requires millions of chemical & biological “mutations” to take place for just one to be “borne”, all of a sudden decides to grow an eye or conceive the method of photosynthesis with out a previous genetic code. Now calculate this into the billions of mutations that would be required for just one organ to develop… and you will be able to conclude that belief in the theory of evolution is also based on blind faith. please also read Darwin’s book which is called “ the evolution of species”… where he recognizes that a species can evolve through nature ( environment) …. however not created by the same.

          • You need help to understand…Satan wants all to
            miss the point. Mary was a virgin betrothed but not married when Jesus was concieved to be with child with God incarnate as the angel Gabriel told her. Joseph was troubled but had a divine dream to affirm. He did not “know”/have sex with Mary until after Jesus birth. Don’t look to people as your examples but Jesus/Immanuel/ God Incarnate whom the Old Testament prophesied about and the New Testament revealed plus prophesies and truths yet to come.

          • Mary Mother of God did not know/have sex with Joseph at any time….why? Because she was a Virgin. She was born without sin which is called her Immaculate Conception. God who is without sin could not have been conceived in the Virgin by the Holy Spirit unless she was also free from sin.

          • This boils down to a misunderstanding of the atonement. For Jesus to make himself the propitiation for our sins He has to be born into humanity with all of its human limitations including the proclivity to sin. He had to be a perfect sacrifice so even though he was tempted as we are, He was without sin. That’s why Mary was born just as any other human into sin. Otherwise it wouldn’t make much sense in Romans when it says “just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin,

          • Jesus had siblings who were born by Mary.
            Read a correct Bible to find out the Truth.
            She conceived Jesus, as she was a Virgin then
            But She and Joseph had sex and she birthed
            Four sons; Joseph, James, Jude and Simon.

          • Mary remained a virgin until she was assumed into heaven.

          • You are incorrect Gary! Mary Had other children! Read the Bible! She did not go to heaven as a virgin! This shows how uneducated in the word of God many people are these days, and it is so sad! Read the Bible for yourself Gary and that is the way you will know what it says, instead of listening to other people.

          • Then expain why the Bible clearly states that Jesus had brothers and sisters.

          • We are all brothers and sisters in Christ, he had no blood/biological kin.

          • They were not children of Joseph and MARY but rather cousins and other relatives.

          • Read your Bible.

          • Read your Bible.
            Matthew 13:55

          • that is a great reply…don’t look to people….I think people that do do it for an excuse and usually those people will find an excuse for doing anything they want to in life….best examples are hitler and stalin…both had exposure to religious truth and used it for manipulation of people….

          • An atheist… keep your evil thought to yourself. You’ll find out God is indeed real soon enough. Atheism is one of the more foolish ideas in the universe,

          • What like the world is only three thousand years old, the world is flat and the sun travels around the earth.

          • Realy? More have died since 1900 then the previous 19 centuries. Stalin was not religious, Hitler nor Chairman Mao. Your statement about religion is simply wrong.

          • It is a myth that more lives have been lost through religious wars. The world wars, Stalin, and Hitler we’re all political. None were religious wars. The Korean war and Vietnam war were not religious either. More people have been killed through atheists and politics than any other.

          • Most lives have been lost through abortion.

          • Unfortunately, you’re right…

          • Dear Henry
            Do you really believe what your name is attached to in this article?
            Or are you just “blowing off steam” or actually looking for guidance?
            I’ll try to wait for your reply… being 81 I don’t know how long I can wait.
            Sincerely
            Danl

          • Divisions are not from God, but the evil Mans own sins/weakness create them. Jesus prayed that we all be one. Worship him in spirit and truth as Jesus says. I.e, who God is and what he has done
            ( redeemed us).

          • Exactly. But religion did a good thing. It applied the “fear to god” a global fear that Kings and high society were afraid of ultimately leading to making the world a little better. Jesus who historically existed did teach and his speeches were really amazing. Religion may be caused wars and deaths but also united people, under one church a nation no matter the internal differences becomes one. And that is also amazing. I think we all have a part of “God” in us. And as long as we don’t explain how this world or life happened He will always exist..(yes the Big Bang happened but what happened before it? , yes life is made from a man and a woman just having sex but in the laboratory we cannot create life even though we use the same components ..etc)

          • What is bottom line of faith from GOD…….LOVE.LOVE.LOVE. orthodox ot roman catholic is about love of jesus to the people of this world. Love jesus not the church…

          • Nik,Your comment is awesome.
            I don’t like to criticize or judge. I take what good I can find and apply it to my life any way I can. I believe in God,Jesus and The Holy Spirit . Creation or Big Bang,or Both. I believe in love and creation of peace. I am familiar with many religions,but the most important thing I can come up with is LOVE TOWARDS OTHERS.

          • One has to realise that mankind was with God first sinless, yet still sinned.
            From then on all are born into sin, including Mary and therefore Christ.
            If this was not so and Christ was born not of one with sin, then Christ was not born into sin defeating the reason why He came.
            Mankind from the beginning of time claimed God yet still sinned.
            You see God is not the problem, though mankind is and always will be no matter what they claim, especially if it suits their own agendas like it did for Adam and Eve.

          • Man is capable of sin and evil because we have received the gift of free will. God wants us to choose him but respects our ability to choose good or evil. He would never have created us as beings who are unable to choose to love him. Would love be love if it were not a choice?

          • Henry….instead of being closed minded, why not ask God to make himself known to you….if you honestly seek him…he will prove himself to you…no else can do that for you….

          • Jason Manners (if you checked the email follow-up box):

            Seriously, no religious wars? The Crusades were sanctioned by the Latin (Christian) church itself, and killed 1.7 million people. That’s the first that comes to my mind, as it is most closely tied with the history of our Christian faith. (And if you’ve studied your own religion at all, surely you’re quite familiar with it! I actually first learned about in my a youth, during my Catechism education! And of course had to study it much more in-depth during school history class.)

            Just browsing the list of world’s largest wars that I’m less familiar with, there are multiple others with insane death tolls. French Wars of Religion[Catholics vs. Protestants)(2.8 million deaths), the Thirty Years War started as a religious war (5.7 million deaths), the list goes on. Not to mention the perpetual wars between the two branches of Islam.
            [Note, all the stated death numbers are pretty conservative–just the mean average of the highest estimated and the lowest estimated.]

          • The commandment is thou shalt not MURDER. Killing in self defense or during a war is different. However, we should still strive to avoid war at all costs.

          • More lives have been lost to secular religions in the last 100 years than the entire history of man Stalin , Mao , Pol Pot , Castro /Che .

          • Says the one that read and takes time to enlighten everyone else. Curious?

        • Mary was a sinner just like we are and Mary acknowledged that fact when she acknowledged her Savior (Luke 1:47…. “And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.” But often Catholics don’t believe what God says, so they make up their own doctrines/traditions/worship.

      • That’s the problem brother,you’d like to believe. The bible clearly says that we have ALL sinned(including apostle Paul and Mary)

      • Col.1:12-14]. Mary also said, “My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour” Right here Mary admits her need for a savior. If she had been born without sin, she would have no need of a savior.

        • All Jewish people were waiting for the Messiah. Mary was glorifying God and humbling herself. She would not have known at that time that she was free from sin. However , God would not be born into impurity. Perfection would not beget imperfection and Christ is perfect in all things.

          • ” She would not have known at that time that she was free from sin. However , God would not be born into impurity. Perfection would not beget imperfection and Christ is perfect in all things. ”

            This doctrine alone – dogma actually – proves that Catholicism is a false religion as shown by this logic. If Mary had to be pure and sinless to bear the Christ, then Marys parents would likewise need to be pure and sinless to bear Mary – and their parents and their parents and their parents parents. This doctrine is found nowhere in the gospels or epistles, because it was wholly unnecessary and is obviously false. It is also warped reasoning, since Christ came and dwelt among us in the LIKENESS of fallen flesh, but only WITHOUT SIN. Sinful people touched Him every day of His life here on Earth, yet he remained without blemish, because He was HIMSELF without sin.

      • I have not ever heard we change what is written in either the Old or New Testament.
        Oh yes, we do believe in the purity of Mary. It’s a crude explanation but very descriptive example: Do you really believe God the Father would send HIS beloved Son, to be borne by a woman with any stain of sin in her? It would be like starting to make a fantastic dinner in a pot that was dirty and had not ever been cleaned. I do not, the Son could not be carried by anyone but Mary.

      • I have not ever heard we change what is written in either the Old or New Testament.
        Oh yes, we do believe in the purity of Mary. It’s a crude explanation but very descriptive example: Do you really believe God the Father would send HIS beloved Son, to be borne by a woman with any stain of sin in her? It would be like starting to make a fantastic dinner in a pot that was dirty and had not ever been cleaned. I do not, the Son could not be carried by anyone but Mary.
        Additionally, we do not believe the pope is infallable on all things, just for morals and ethics, although this pope falls waaay short in both those areas. I barely can think about what he’s doing to the Church and really cannot acknowledge him as the pope due to his beliefs and positions.

      • Holy Mary was not born without sin, but she chose not to sin! This is was make me venerate Her even more!
        Sabine, (born Catholic, chose to become Orthodox)

    • Do not venerate statues. Only respect the people they are depicting.

    • As a Catholic, we do…WE DO venerate statues and icons. Please read the 7th Ecumenical Council.

      • I have been a Catholic and I have never seen a statue other than a Cross or Crucifix “venerated” — I.e., bowed to or prostrate before or ritually censed. I have seen some statues, especially of Mary, carried in processions, covered with flowers, but these are usually cultural actions and not part of any universal Roman Catholic liturgical tradition. When we light a candle in front of a statue, or kneel, it is a function of intercessory prayer, not veneration. The veneration is for the Saint, not the object. In the Orthodox faith, Icons are Holy Objects, themselves worthy of veneration–like the Bible.

        • Excuse me, Catholics do venerate statues!!! Walk into any Catholic church & they’re all over . Believers kneel and cross themselves in front of this idols. They have a Virgin for everything!! Oh! And the Pope? He is the direct representative of God on earth meaning only God is above him which apparently the Queen of England also believes, that only God is above her. Ridiculous!!! Religion & Politics= Control
          The day humanity starts seeing & treating everybody as equal is the day we will be on the way for humanity to survive.

          • No need for angry posts. Just as you disagree with the Catholic way, you will find many who disagree with what you believe.

      • Venerate yes. Worship, no.

    • Yes, we do venerate statues. That doesn’t mean we worship them (a common Protestants misconception).

    • Sorry they are idols or graven image,in the book revelation it says to come out of her my people its an adultrous church filled w/paganism that why God JESUS Christ say to search an seek the scriptures for yourself I would take the chance w/my soul for any human teaching the lies contrary to Gods HOLY word.it a personal relationship w/GOD an he wants it that way you should NEVER follow after any man.,God bless you may the holy SPIRIT enlighten you in all TRUTH JESUS is the WAY the TRUTH and the LIFE,have a great day

    • I agree. We do not venerate statues.

    • Statues = Idols. Why did the Catholics remove the word from Moses tablets and change the word in their printed Catholic bibles???????

  3. Doctrines in Roman Catholicism do NOT change. Something may be added…but once it is there…..it is NOT changed. Also, nothing is taken out. The main changes in Roman Catholicism are practices. How the doctrines are carried out as regards lifestyle and within the mass. But doctrines do not change…and have never changed.

    • sorry but I do need to ask. Isn’t adding something technically changing it

      • Adding to something is changing it. You’re correct in a purely common sense way of looking at it but to add to it and clarify the meaning or as in Vatican II vastly improve how Catholic’s participate in whorship and improve the ability of all to understand what was once knowledge held to a few. In this case it is expanding on the subject.

      • By adding to even a food recipe you are changing the original. As if you add to a bologna’s sauce , soya, chilli, tamarind. This will change the recipe and it may make it even better or some thing else , but it is not a same thing. You have changed the Gods doctrine.

      • If you add a bonnet to your baby to help her avoid sunburn are you changing her?

  4. DEFINITELY biased! Roman Catholics DON’T venerate statues, and Masses are mostly said in English. That changed back in the 60’s, so where are they getting their info?

  5. One of the most obvious differences and part of what led to the Great Schism is the filioque clause of the Nicene Creed – the Greeks believing that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone, the Romans believing that the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son. Funny that it was left out of this list, as it is one of the top reasons the two communions are not reconciled.

    • It is not just the Greeks who believe that it is all Orthodox Christians

    • What a shame. The Father and Son are the same. Christ was incarnated by the Holy Spirit and became man.

      Orthodoxy and Catholicism shold unite asap……what a force this could be for Christianity with these two churches united. Man always has a way of messing with perfection.

      • I agree Tom-I am not in any way a religious scholar-but I would love to see the Greek Orthodox and Catholic somehow unite again. I know this is impossible but we all would stronger together. The two are born of the same thing-they are far more alike than different.

      • I agree that there should be a unification.they came from one. But physical structure, finances, power allocation and, most of all, politics will make it very difficult. I attend both and am comfortable in each one. I bridge the differences as if they do not exist.

      • Hi Tom. As I read through all the comments,I need to tell You how much I liked Your comment.
        My life is like a big garden,full of different types of plants and flowers.
        I was born a baptized in Canada in the Roman Catholic Church,but I was taken to Hungary at 6 month of age. My Grandma took me to a very old Greek Catholic Church there( I still remember the Holy Icons on the rear walls). ,and the mysterious ” masses” where I didn’t understand anything. Later I used to sit and admire the life size statue of Jesus in the Roman Catholic Church, because it was closer to our home. Even later I came to America and joined an Evangelical church. Was re- baptized, took lessons in Cathecism and I was Confirmed in the church and became a member. ……Now in 2018, there is only my faith that remains. I really like all that I experienced. I am greatfull for God’s Word the Bible. I don’t worry about the differences in churches because we all pray to the same God. I learned LOVE from the Bible. I need to be a decent loving human beeing, I think of Jesus my Lord and Savior every day,loving him. I want to do the right thing and I know that even atheist can do that. Not everyone has belief because we lived different lives. We need love and peace in our hearts and minds more than anything. Forgiving others as we are forgiven,daily. May God Bless you: Sylvia Maria Sobel

    • Another difference is in making the sign of the cross, Orthodox start with forehead then chest then right shoulder and finish with the left shoulder unlike Roman Catholic who finish with the right shoulder.

  6. Assalammualaikum and greet to you all here brother and sister.Before i tell from the long story i’m born islam and why i interested to christian i just want a helper here what type christian must i convert.The story begin when i left my job in 2010 and become homeless i live in penang malaysia that time my interested to christian begin.Everyday accept sunday and saturday i go to st john church to eat food because i homeless.3 pm their give we all homeless no matter relegion enter the church their give we watch tv then give rest a while then 5 pm their give food.Even when chrismass time church
    invite me to celebrate it inside church their give present like clothes,pants and more.I think their care and love us more than any relegion,i tell the short story when i go back to kuala lumpur more christian church helping people there.In st john cathedral every lunch hour i eat there,sometimes different type christian like cavalry church give me sleep inside the place their worship every wendesday and give food and 1 hour service to us.And then 1 day decide go to st john catholic church to attend the mass in sunday.Right now i live in malacca to find the truth is,i got dream before singing song hosanna in the highest the church song.The conclusion is im muslim right now,how can possible i convert to christian.What must i do but i read the bible say no idol and images to worship and cannot eat pork?

    • All you must do to be converted is acknowledge that you have sinned. Believe in your heart that Jesus died on the cross, was buried and rose again so that you could be reconciled to the Father. Confess that belief with your mouth. That’s it. Find a Bible-based church where you can learn more and more. May God bless your endeavors!

    • You need to talk to the priest at one of the Catholic churches you are receiving assistance from. They will tell you everything needed.

    • As an evangelical Christian, it through faith and faith alone. You have but to confess your faith in prayer that you believe Jesus to be the son of God and that His death paid for your sins. God Bless

    • A muslim is who you are; this is your heritage. Have you ever heard of Jews for Jesus? They are born jewish, practice as Jews, but accept Jesus as their personal savior. Something to think about. God bless you!

      • He’s not Muslim by virtue of being born into a Muslim family/ community. Likewise, I’m not Christian though I was born into it. You can’t saddle anyone with the mistakes of their parents. Nor should you blindly follow the mistakes of your parents.

    • I’m so glad you’re seeking God! The most important part of conversion is to recognize Jesus as savior and redeemer of sin. Turn away from sin, repent. I’m so thankful that these followers of Jesus Christ have acted with the Holy Spirit and shown you the love Jesus commands us to! Keep reading your Bible! The Bible says: We are all sinners Romans 3:23, The price for sin is death, eternal separation from God. Romans 6:23. But Jesus paid that price for us! He was born of the Virgin Mary, lived as a man on earth, died and came back from the grave 3 days later! God showed great love to us by sending Christ to die for us while we were still sinners. Romans 5:8
      I am the way, the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.(Jesus) John 14:6
      For WHOEVER shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. Romans 10:13
      Here’s a simple prayer, Jesus, I ask you into my heart to be my Savior and Lord, forgive my sins, and give me the gift of eternal life. Amen. Welcome to the family! Angels are celebrating!

      • Don you know what the price of proselytising in islam is? Death, not your sinister metaphorical death after death, but death on this earth. Something to think about.

    • Bro . stay as Muslim.don’t be wrong. Food doesn’t matter. Believe is important

    • MY brother… Am a 60 year old woman …living in the United States… I feel that God had me read your questions tonight about how to become a Christian…. I have lived a very difficult life …but your life is more difficult…
      Jesus Christ said…. I AM THE WAY… The truth and the life… So my brother …to be a Christian… You must believe what Jesus Christ said… If you will search Jesus Christ … Then you will become a Christian… Then you pray…and God will send you to the correct church…

    • Brother
      Walekum Asssalam.
      Being a Muslim if you read Quran you find many instances and references of prophet Mariam and prophet Jesus. Islam respect Christianity and true path. Also life and teachings of Prophet Mohammad help you to fight tough situations.

      • Islam and Mohammed is all fake. They tried to copy from the Holy Bible but failed miserably. Mohammed used to kill by the sword and rape women. This is trash. Nothing Godly whatsoever. Quran claims whoever isn’t Muslim is the infidel. Quran acknowledges Virgin Mary gave birth to Jesus Christ, and even consider him to be a prophet. The story of Mohammed being a prophet is the biggest hoax of all time. Jesus Christ is the KING OF KINGS. There’s no denying that. Muslims, you have been lied to and have been living in the dark for too many years. You are praying to the WRONG GOD.

        • Praise our Lord, be careful Bro, The TRUTH hurts, your observations is well founded in the scripture ,
          May grace be of be upon you and family, in the name of our Lord we pray Amen

        • True, the koran is a sinister and vulgar plagiarism from the morally wicked babble. The bible is for the most part plagiarised from ancient jewsh and pagan myths, if you care to look further than you are doing now.

        • You’re an ignorant human being

        • Robert, what a lucky coincidence for you that, out of the thousands of gods and religions that people have dreamed up, the one you were born with is THE correct one.

          A strict adherence to the Bible, with its commands to stone, kill and shun for ridiculous reasons, will make a person equally as crappy of a human as a strict adherence to the Koran would.

          Hopefully you will eventually find peace.

    • Believe in God, our Father
      Believe in Jesus Christ, as Lord and Savior and The son of God.
      Believe in Holy Spirit, who proceeds from The Father and The Son.
      Confess your sins aloud.
      Pray to Jesus to help you convert to Christianity
      And you will be able to do that.

  7. The Greek Orthodox Church was formed when the Roman Empire split into the Byzantine Empire.

    • No… the great schism was in the 11th century and the fall of the eastern roman empire (or the begining of the byzantine empire) was in the 5th century. It may have been a catalyst since the seperation of the churche between two empires could lead to conflict and difference of opinion as to whom should be in charge. But to say that the Byzantine Empire was the formation of the Greek Orthodox Church is incorrect.

  8. Definitely way simplistic on the question of purgatory. Orthodox don’t believe in it? Wrong. This is an example of someone being paid to write a super short “article” for a website and getting facts wrong. There are other examples here. Just sad that it had to involve people’s religion. Sign of the times….

    • actually the Orthodox Christians don’t believe in purgatory. i should know because i am one. purgatory is (from my understanding) a temporary hell where souls are sanctified before they are allowed in to the kingdom of heaven. The orthodox Christians believe that your sins are forgiven in this life not in the next one.

  9. correction. in holy Eucharist Orthodox Christians used leavened bread (bread with yeast) to represent the risen Christ. they DO NOT use unleavened bread

  10. Greek Orthodox is not the only Orthodox church. there is also the Russian Orthodox and Serbian Orthodox as well (just to name a few).

  11. The correct name for the ‘centers’ is the Patriarchates. so each one is a Patriarchate.

  12. I am greek orthodox and for the last 2 years I have been going to Catholic church and I receceive Holy Comunion.
    Is this a sin?
    I like the church and its people, But I am a little confused what to do. The Greek church is 60 miles away from us and travelling is not so easy any more.
    Now after 2 years I been told that I should not go for Holy Comunion as I am not Catholic.
    What shall I do?

    • Hello, it’s been some time since you wrote your post, but I hope all is well. According to the Roman Catholic point of view, yes, you can receive holy communion at the Catholic Church you are at and it would be equal to another Catholic receiving it. The Catholic church considers your old church to be a “sister” church. However, your old church would not agree. The question is, why not just become a catholic? Yes, there are some differences between the two, but in the big picture, are they that different? I mean, everybody has different opinions. Many Catholics do not agree with everything in the church, just like many of those in your old church, do not agree with everything in the Orthodox church. The simple thing…the correct thing to do is just became a Catholic.

      • Or become d son of God or believe in God. .n accept jesus as his son as our brother. .theres nothing wrong in our religion. .it is the man who makes differences not our religion. .

      • Actually the Greek Orthodox Church does view the Catholic Church as a sister Church. That is why a Catholic can marry a person of Greek Orthodox faith in the Greek Orthodox Church without the Catholic person being baptized into the Orthodox faith.

    • As a orthodox Christian you are allowed to take holy Communion in a Catholic Mass. But Catholics are not allowed to partake in holy Communion in the Orthodox Church.

    • You will be welcome in a Protestant Church.

    • Anna, it seems that Phil has answered your question as well but I thought I would add what I have learned.
      So I know a bunch of people who are Greek who were engaged to a catholic person and the question of which church to marry in of course fame up for all these couples. The marriage being a sacrament. So what I was told by all the Greek Orthodox in these situations was that the Catholic Church accepts the Greek Orthodox in their church-including the Orthodox being able to partake in sacraments such as marriage as well as communion-but it doesn’t go the other way. The Orthodox Church doesn’t want you as a Greek taking sacraments in the Catholic Church. I’m not sure why? Less members ? Are they just making an attempt at keeping members in the Greek churches? Understandable -but I feel the two churches should operate more closely together-welcome each other completely. So to answer your question-yes it’s certainly ok with the Catholic Church that you are attending, but your Greek Church May not agree!:) I think you-do what you feel in your heart is right. How can the worship of God be deemed wrong?

  13. as a heathen Baptist follow the words of Christ…

  14. I am talking about myself,not talking down where you should follow the Lord…

  15. FYI: Most of the Eastern and Byzantine Catholic churches permit married priests, such as the Ukrainian Catholic and Maronite Catholic churches.

    • The Catholic Church only permits this if a man is married, then ordained a priest in the Eastern Orthodox Church, then converts to Catholicism. They also need permission from a bishop for this to happen.

  16. one major inaccuracy here is that Jerusalem is in Palestine and not in “isreal”

    • Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem as their capital, as the State of Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there while the State of Palestine ultimately foresees the city as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

    • Jerusalem is in Israel as always and not Pelestine.

  17. History reveals no known or speculated burial place for Mary; unlike our Lord and St. Peter and the other apostles. The greek orothodox venerate the mother of Jesus and there have been many reported miracles of weeping icons of her. In the mid-19th century, St. Bernadette (who could not read nor write) related that the lady introduced herself as the immaculate conception (conceived without sin). Regardless of being Catholic or Greek Orthodox, both follow closely our savior’s teachings and the early apostles as well as venerate Mary. They are close, like sisters.

  18. Additionally Roman Catholics do not believe every decision by the Pope is infallible. In fact infallibility has only been claimed for two decisions in 2,000 years.

  19. A note of inaccuracy- the Pope is not infallible. Rather he possesses the authority of infallible teaching under the label “ex cathedra”, from the Chair [of Peter], which is rarely ever exercised. In fact, the only ex cathedra application of papal infallibility since its solemn declaration has been for the Marian Dogma of Assumption in 1950.

    Thus, this is a commonly misunderstood teaching of Catholicism by Catholics and non-Catholics alike.

    I’d like to know the sources by which this site is gathering it’s information. It’s doing many believers and non-believers a disservice with the careless disperment of errors.

  20. Your post is deeply flawed. There is no such thing as a Greek Orthodox religion. Orthodoxy is followed by more than 20 countries, so singling out one very small country is missleading.

    • now it may be followed by more than 20 countries-but originally -it was Greek Orthodox. That is why it is referred to as such. It is not a “new” thing to call this Greek Orthodox.

  21. Lots of issues left and right with this post. No disrespect, but these topics are not so simple as a google search. I have my Masters in Traditional Roman Catholic Theological Studies, including at minimum a detailed survey of all major schools, etc. As well, I am a practicing Orthodox Christian. There are too many eras to spend time writing about them. If it is worthwhile for your website to be accurate, send me an email and I’ll talk about fixing it.

    Thank you

  22. I am orthodox from Ethiopia orthodox is the correct way Jud1:3 so for every world person to understand orthodox or to accept very hard because of that they selected shortly path this is incorrect way any way to understand orthodox you must go every day or ask some priest

  23. Seek the guidance of a Roman Catholic or Orthodox minister or priest. Ask God’s help in the name of Christ about where you should seek your spiritual leadership. Read the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John first. Then read the rest of The Bible from cover to cover. Understanding the direct words of Jesus and living them each part of every day is the key to a holy life. God bless you in all things. Remember to ask God in Jesus’ name to prevent the evil one from deceiving you each day. Amen.

  24. As ortodox I have been eyewitness many times of miracles in front of icons. Also ortodox churches gathers thousands of people on service. Churches also got visited by millions for hoidays.
    Can you tell me it is same in Catholicism ? Where with just one visit at priest got all sins cleared ????

    • Just to chime in here… you don’t need a priest or an icon to take away all of your sind, Jesus does that. All you are doing is confession. Reading your Bible, praying, and shutting yourself off from doing things against Gods word, helping our brothers and sisters, the poor and the widowed, not ignoring injustices, that will save us. Jesus said so many times. And told us not to pray with vain repetitions. It’s always been what God wanted, old T and new, to have these things done. To be closer with him and know him like Moses or Abraham.

  25. Believe that Yeshua (Jesus) died for you and was resurrected and you will be delivered from death.He loves you and will hear you when you pray!

  26. Hi.

    Not sure this write-up is accurate in the differences and not agreeing with some of the descriptions given for Catholic understanding.

    Thanks.

  27. We have more in common then what seperates us.. It is an affront to our Lord & Savior that his church is divided. That is why I praise Pope Francis and Patriarch Bartholomew for seeking unification.

  28. Peace be with you;
    To whom it’s concerning,
    Don’t you think it’s amazing, when we see a movement start in the beginning it’s like a simple seed which we planting into soil. So then first growth as trunk and then later extend branch and leaf to it. When can learn from Jesus when He started His followers were very simple. But today they must go through of accademic course and they must get degree of Bachelor or MA or Phd. Anyway it became a trade.
    Best wishes,
    Javad Mousavi

  29. Free will is not a gift. God did not gift free will to man. Man took it for himself, even though they were told NOT to eat of the tree in the middle of the garden. Free Will is disobedience and its god is Satan.

    Jesus was without sin, If you could create your own Mother from eternity, wouldnt you want your Mother to be without sin as well? Dont we want the best for our own Mothers?

    Mary did not have more children. Jesus had no biological siblings. Only brothers and sisters of humanity. God the Father has many children.

  30. If Jesus was not born into sin, then he would have no reason to be baptized. Baptism is to wash away. Original Sin

    Also Mary and Joseph were married home later Jesus had siblings.

    Honestly everyone, if you read and practice, it is all about love, the greatest commandment given to us by Christ.

    Finally the word Catholic mean. We are all on family in Christ as long as we have called on the name of Jesus,and affirm that faith, makes you a part of the holy catholic church, and should guideus all in the ways of love for our brothers and sisters.

  31. Does the Catholic Church support the concept of purgatory in modern times?

  32. Wow everybody is arguing and completely slaves if their ego…hahaha!

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