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Difference Between Roman Catholic and Catholic

Roman Catholic vs Catholic

The main differences between Roman Catholics and Catholics are that Roman Catholics form the major Christian group, and Catholics are only a small group of the Christian community, also called as “Greek Orthodox.” It is believed that when Christianity started, only one church was followed. There was no difference of opinion or faith, and Christianity started spreading as a single religion.
Later it was decided that a location was required where a church representing all the Christians should be built. It would be the headquarters of all Christian teachings. Unfortunately, a difference of opinion arose and the groups split. Some followed the decision that the church was supposed to be built in Rome; others believed that it should be built in Constantinople. Those who followed and joined the group in Rome started calling themselves Roman Catholics while the others began calling themselves as Orthodox Catholics.
Roman Catholics trace their origin to Saint Peter. He was a disciple of Christ and was one of the 12 apostles. There is a difference in opinion about St. Peter’s importance and his role in the origin of Christianity.
Roman Catholics consider the Pope to be their spiritual leader; he is called by the Roman Christians as the Vicar of Christ. Catholics do not believe in any papal authority.
Catholics or Greek Orthodox do not recognize some of the books included in the Roman Catholic Bible. Catholics believe that teachings of Christ have remained unchanged. According to them, the Holy Scripture has not changed. They do not believe in additions made to the original scriptures.
The Catholics do not think of canons as laws. Canons are considered the rules by which a church is run. Roman Catholics take them as law and give the authority to the bishop to apply them.
The Roman Catholics believe in the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary. Catholics do not support this theory. They believe that she was a mortal and was prepared to bear Christ.
Roman Catholics believe in purgatory; souls which are destined to go to Heaven need purification. The rest of the people go to hell. Catholics believe the souls go to the house of the dead, Hades, to wait for Christ to rise again. Once the body will rise, all the souls will unite with him.

Summary:

1.Roman Catholics are the largest Christian group; Catholics are a smaller group.
2.Roman Catholics and Catholics have a difference of opinion about the importance of
St. Peter in their origin.
3.Catholics do not believe in papal authority, Roman Catholics do.
4.Catholics believe in original, unchanged Holy Scriptures; Roman Catholics have added many books to their Bible.
5.Bishops are authorized to apply the canons on Roman Catholics; Catholics do not take canons as laws and do not give the authority to anyone to apply them.
6.Roman Catholics believe in the Immaculate Conception; Catholics do not believe in the theory and consider Mother Mary a mortal.
7.Roman Catholics believe in Purgatory after death; Catholics do not believe in it.


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11 Comments

  1. Hello,
    I suggest you do a little more research; in brief the Catholic Church has different rites, the largest rite is the Roman Rite which is usually refered to as Roman Catholic, there are however other Eastern Rite Catholics in full communion with the See of Peter (the bishop of Rome).
    Note from the Vatican website the Catechism of the Catholic Church not the Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church http://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/_INDEX.HTM
    There are other Eastern Rite Catholics who are not in Commuion with the See of Peter one of the largest of which is the Greek Orthodox Rite.

    From Catholic.com “One of the most tragic divisions within Christianity is the one between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox churches. Both have valid holy orders and apostolic succession through the episcopacy, both celebrate the same sacraments, both believe almost exactly the same theology, and both proclaim the same faith in Christ.” http://www.catholic.com/library/Eastern_Orthodoxy.asp

    • The difference between Catholics and Roman Catholics is that the former hold to the Revelation of Christ, once made to the saints, recorded in scripture, ( Jude. ) which is interpreted, explained and completed by the Holy Fathers within the Seven Ecumenical Councils of the first 800 years. The sad position is, whilst there is only One , Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church, there are two claimants for this title, Orthodoxy and Rome! Interestingly there is at least two other groups who claim to be ,’Catholic,’ and apostolic, but do not claim to be the whole Body! They are the Traditional Anglicans of the Continuing Churches and the Oriental Orthodox. The Traditional Anglicans claim only to be a Communion of Catholic believers within the Body of Christ.
      Furtherto all this, there’s a growing body of opinion that ,’Rome,’ is no more than a Catholic Sect, being a spin off from the Council of Trent, (1545/ 64. See Farquhar Hook, Lives of the Archbishops.& others such as C.B.Moss or McCulloch.)

    • A Catholic is surely one who believes in Christ’s Revelation once revealed to the Saints, ( S.Jude.) This being recorded in Scripture and explained, interpreted and completed by the Early Fathers with the guidance of the Holy Ghost through the Seven Ecumenical Councils!
      Catholics are Children of Revelation and it it through Christ’s teachings that we are saved. To be accepted as a Catholic, one has to be baptised by water and have an understanding of Christ’s revelation as taught by Him to the Apostolic College and passed by the apostles to the Bishops in Council!
      Roman Catholic is a term used by those Members of Christ who by adding to Christ’s Revelation,i.e. Papal Jurisdiction ( 1564 Trent,) and Papal Infallibility , (Vat. 1. 1870.) distorted the Catholic Faith and abandoned S.Paul’s injunctions to,’Keep the deposit’.

    • Peter was never a roman catholic or catholic, he remain in the early Church which was founded by Jesus Christ in 31AD.
      Roman catholic church started in 313AD.
      Please do some research and know the truth and the truth will set you free.

      • Peter was never a roman catholic or catholic, he remain in the early Church which was founded by Jesus Christ in 31AD.
        =====
        Very true regarding S.Peter, He is a member of the One. Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church.

        Regarding Constantine the Great’s contribution?
        He simply established the Church throughout the Roman
        Empire, very much as the Church in England is established by law in England.(All Henry the VIII did was place it upon the statute book in later medieval times.)

        The point I make is that according to Church history ,  the Holy Roman Church, is not the Catholic Church and is rather a sect emanating from the medieval council of Trent AD 1565!
        The Catholic Church being based on Christ’s Revelation,Scripture and the Seven Ecumenical Councils.

  2. Why is the so called Catholic Church still pay homage to the Pope, and the past Popes are famous for their Maryology. And what about purgatory. Are you different in those beliefs?
    How about transubstanation and Mass? What about praying to other so called sainted people who are dead, which is called necromancy and forbidden by God? What about the Priesthood and Nuns not being allowed to marry in order to serve God. If you say that you are against these unbiblical doctrines then why don’t you break off from the Roman C. C. Jesus was very angry about the mix of false with the truth, which is actually using the Lords name in vain ( blasphemy). All you did was take down statues of Mary (idolatry), but not out of your hearts and I think this was done so that you would be more excepted in a protestant nation.
    The Catholic church is so guilty of the shedding of the blood of God’s true remant and misguiding the flock. You believe that it is in the past but God has not forgotten. The day of reckoning will come, so come out from among this falsehood. You are still in covenant with this so called “Roman Catholism” Your hands are dirty with this evil.

  3. Roman Catholic and Catholic both bow to Idols – Christian Religion in its true form PUTS NO OTHER gods before Christ . That being said, The Pope is NOT the Vicar Of Christ – he is an anti-Christ. Anyone who has ever spent more than one day researching the Roman Catholic Religion diligently can come to no other conclusion unless God has allowed them to be deceived because they choose to believe a lie without testing the spirit. Mary is NOT meant to be worshipped or bowed down and worship. (it’s an abomination to think the woman who was NOT part of the Godhead had or has anything to do with our salvation. IT is NOT in the BIBLE people) What did The Savior call Mary as he hung on the cross? He called her WOMAN! He did NOT call her the Blessed Mother or Mary mother of God ! HE CALLED HER WOMAN!

    • As a Catholic by baptism I worship God through Jesus Christ and Him Crucified> Roman Catholics are simply a sect, but a Catholic one.

      We do not worship the Lady Mary, nor any being . Through the Ecumenical Councils and guidance by the Holy Ghost we are taught that Mary is the Mother of God, the Theotokos. Also that she is All Holy, Immaculate and Ever Virgin. Not that she was immaculately conceived, but that she was cleansed at some time before the Nativity of Christ.
      We do not seek through the saints, or Holy People of God, to by-pass Our Lord, but appeal to the saints for their prayers. If we can be helped ,Good. There’s nothing lost. If not there can be no harm done.
      Worship is still for God.

      Anglican Catholic.

    • Gary, I admire your desire to keep the Christian religion pure, however I highly encourage you to read more critically about what the Catholic Church truly teaches. The criticism you list here are all directed against a caricature of the Church.

      Catholic do not put another God before Christ. We do not believe the Pope is equal to Christ, we believe he is the universal pastor who maintains the authority that Jesus gave to Peter in Matthew 16:17-19, paralleling exactly the scene in Isaiah 22:20-22.

      Catholics do not believe Mary is meant to be worshiped or bowed down to; that is why we do not worship or bow down to her. We honor her with the highest respect due to a creature of God for having brought salvation – Jesus Christ – into history through her womb. What a marvelous role in salvation history! We also seek to imitate her complete faith in God, and to say “Be it unto me according to thy word” as she did at the annunciation. Don’t you think it would hurt Jesus if we didn’t love his mother as he did?

      Finally, that Jesus called Mary “Woman” twice in the Gospel of John may seem insulting or diminutive. However, the early chapters of John are clear parallels to the early chapters of Genesis, and relates Mary both to Eve and the woman in Revelation 12.

      I highly encourage you, as a bible-loving Christian, to check out this one short bible study: http://www.salvationhistory.com/studies/lesson/queen_wedding_at_cana_garden_in_eden
      Hopefully this clear up the confusion you have about the Catholic Church.

      In Christ,

      Stephen

  4. Paul said, Did I baptize in my name or do others baptize in theirs? this Pope-ology though honorable in the ways of the world is a dishonor to Christ who is the Only High Priest of HIS CHurch which His Body..God does not live in dwellings nor does any church of human nature ‘own’ rights to his body as if they are selling Him like a Prostitute and only those who are accepted can share in eating his body and drinking his ‘literal’ blood ? God knows who He as Given The Faith too, so in the long run no matter what church a person attends it is not man’s right but God ‘s Righteouness in His Sovereign Power that Reigns Supreme with Christ as the Judge that will determine which end is up. The Ritualization and long winded prayers Christ himself said was meaningless for God Himself knows what we need before we even have the thought to enter our minds to pray. I am not catholic obviously but then again it’s hard to find ‘the perfect church’ anywhere namely because it doesn’t exist, but that doesn’t stop me from going nor would I want to. Man has screwed it up again as usual but that is our sinful nature for all to see. Don’t these denominations tell anyone anything? We don’t go to church to get to God as most probably already are aware, but the motivation and reason for why one is there will make all the difference in the world. It is by God’s Grace we are Saved by The Faith of God imputed to Us because of the Completed Work in Christ. Therefore, those In Christ are in The Completed Work and to manifest it or extend it to others so they too may be en-Abel’d to accept our testimony is to extend that work to others, therefore The Faith with The Works ..but a faith wihtout those works is meaningless; Christ IS the New Testament (Testimony) of Him-Self for us to See and Hear. The rest is superfluous and unnecessary complicating the process. Paul wrote I know only Christ and Christ crucified. Everyone’s a preacher ..but please no more Popes, second only to Dali lama’s.

  5. So you believe that the pope is “equal” to Christ?
    just as bad

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