Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Byzantine and Roman Catholic

Phoenix_-_Saint_Stephen_Byzantine_Catholic_Cathedral_-_2Comparison between Byzantine & Roman Catholic

Introduction
For more than one thousand years after the death of Jesus Christ, Christianity as a religion remained united without any internal controversy and resultant branching. A historical event, famously known as East-West Schism or Great schism in 800 AD split the medieval Christianity into two branches namely Byzantine or Eastern Catholic and Roman Catholic after 200 hundred years.
In 800 AD, Pope Leo III declared Charlemagne from Western Rome as the Emperor of Rome. This infuriated Byzantine Empire of Eastern Rome. Relation between East and West was never much cordial due to cultural differences. Eastern part was more civilized in comparison to the Western part. This fractured relationship further deteriorated, triggered by the crowning incident and ultimately during 1054 AD the two split and so did the Christianity. The Eastern Church came to be known as Byzantine or Greek Orthodox Church and the Western Church became Roman Catholic Church. In spite of many similarities between the two sects like, both possess seven holy sacraments, both believe in real presence of Christ during holy communion and both link their faith to the contemporaries of Christ, there exist some differences between the two. Those are briefly discussed below.

Geographical Areas of Influence
Byzantine or Eastern Church spread in Northern Africa, Asia Minor (the area between Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea), and Middle East (Western Asia and Egypt). Roman Catholic, on the other hand greatly influenced people of Western Europe, and Northern and Western part of the Mediterranean region.

Language
The Byzantine Church does not use Latin and do not follow Latin traditions. Patriarchs of Byzantine Church do not read Latin. On the other hand Greek language is not used by Catholic Church.

Divine Liturgy
Byzantines use leavened bread during the Divine Liturgy (Common action) to symbolize the risen Christ. Roman Catholics, on the other hand use unleavened bread as used by Jesus in the Last Supper, during Divine Liturgy.

Theology
Byzantines held more theoretical view about Jesus. Though Byzantines believe in humanity of Christ, but his divinity is more emphasized in Greek Orthodoxy or Eastern Church. Roman Catholics believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ but emphasizes on his humanity.

Holy Communion
There is no practice of inter-communion between the two sects. Byzantines are not allowed to receive Holy Communion in Roman Catholic Churches, and in the same way, Roman Catholics are forbidden to receive Holy Communion in Orthodox Churches.

Authority
Believers in Greek Orthodox consider the ‘Highest Bishop’ as the highest authority of the sect. The highest Bishop is also known as the ‘first among the equals’. Though the Highest Bishop is considered the highest authority by the Byzantines, he is not considered infallible and also he has no supreme authority over the Churches. On the other hand Roman Catholics consider Pope as infallible, the supreme authority of the sect and has supreme power over the Roman Catholic Churches.

Original Sin
Both the sects believe in ‘original sin’ and that it can be purified through baptism. But they differ on the reference of original sin to Mary. Byzantines believe that Mary, like any other person was born, had original sin, and would die. She was selected to become mother of Jesus for her righteous life. Roman Catholics, on the other hand believe that Mary did not commit the ‘original sin’.

Icons/Statues
Believers of Eastern Church pay homage to icons, where as Roman Catholics pay homage to statues.

Marriage of Priests
Eastern Orthodox Church allows priests to marry before they are ordained. In Roman Catholics the priests are not allowed to marry.

Concept of Purgatory
Believers of Eastern Orthodoxy do not accept the concept or purgatory i. e. punishment for the dead souls before they are consigned to heaven. They also do not believe in Stations of Cross. Roman Catholics believe in both the concepts.

Unity of Churches
By unity of churches, believers in Eastern Orthodoxy mean membership in one of the orthodox churches which are in full communion with one another. For Roman Catholics, unity of churches means participation in the organization headed by the Pope.

Summary
1. Believers of Greek Orthodoxy are mainly found in Northern Africa, Asia Minor, and Middle East; Roman Catholics are mainly seen in Western Europe, Northern and Western part of the Mediterranean region.
2. Greek language is used in church functions of Greek Orthodox; Latin is the official language of Roman Catholic churches.
3. During Divine Liturgy, Byzantines use leavened bread; Roman Catholics use unleavened bread.
4. Byzantines emphasize on divinity of Christ; Roman Catholics emphasize on humanity of Christ.
5. Byzantines consider highest Bishop as the supreme authority of the sect, but do not consider him as infallible. They do not accept papacy; Roman Catholics accept Pope as the supreme authority of the sect, and consider him as infallible.
6. Byzantines believe that Mary committed the original sin; Roman Catholics believe Mary did not commit the original sin.
7. Byzantines pay homage to icons; Roman Catholics pay homage to statues.
8. Eastern Orthodoxy allows marriage of clergies; Roman Catholics do not allow marriage of clergies.
9. Byzantines do not believe in the concept of purgatory and stations of cross; Roman Catholics believe in both.
10. By unity of churches Byzantine understand membership in one of the churches; whereas Roman Catholics understand by it – participation in the organization headed by Pope.


Search DifferenceBetween.net :

Custom Search


Help us improve. Rate this post! 1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (23 votes, average: 1.78 out of 5)
Loading...


Email This Post Email This Post : If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word. Share it with your friends/family.



See more about : , , ,

8 Comments

  1. Where did you get this information? I am part of a byzantine catholic church and we do and say the same as roman catholic.

    Everything you said is wrong.

    • I agree with Mary and Don! Where you got the heresies! From when the Roman catholic Latin priests never changing anything, they fallow the Catholic roots and they are holy priests I know. The tridentine priests are very strict not like the Novus Ordo many priests.
      You writing:The Roman Catholic God is very different from the harsh and exacting God of the Old Testament.
      Question: from where you pulled that heresies? Very idiotic, delicate saying.

    • What can you tell me about the Byzantine rite of the Catholic Church?

      This is an accurate answer to the original question:

      Full Question
      What can you tell me about the so-called Byzantine rite of the Catholic Church? Are they in union with the pope? I have my doubts after hearing that their infants receive a sacrament called “Chrismation.”

      Answer

      The Byzantine rite is one of several Eastern rites recognized by and in full communion with the Bishop of Rome. Its origin can be traced to the ancient city of Byzantium (modern-day Istanbul), renamed Constantinople when the emperor Constantine relocated his capital city there from Rome in A.D. 330.

      Although in full communion with the Church in the West, the Byzantine rite retains distinctive features. Byzantine churches are beautifully adorned with icons, and the sanctuary is separated from the congregation by an iconostasis, a screen covered with icons. Leavened bread is used for the consecration of the body of Christ in the liturgy (not called the “Mass” in Eastern rites), which is either the liturgy of St. John Chrysostom or that of St. Basil the Great. Communion is received under both kinds and administered by the priest from a spoon.

      Byzantine Catholics operate under a different code of canon law. They also celebrate a somewhat different liturgical year with some unique feasts and saints. In addition to Lenten fasting prior to Easter, they also fast before Christmas, the Feast of Sts. Peter and Paul, and the Assumption.

      Chrismation is simply another term for the sacrament we know as Confirmation. Following ancient custom, it is administered in the East to infants at the time of their baptism, along with the Eucharist.

      Latin-rite Catholics are often surprised when attending a Byzantine liturgy (which you are free to do at any time and which does fulfill your obligation to attend Mass) to find more prayers for the pope than in the Latin liturgy.

  2. I agree with Mary. This article gives entirely wrong information.

    It has Hellenistic traditions and incorporations, unlike the Roman Catholic Church which is strictly Christian—THIS IS NONSENSE! BYZANTINE CATHOLICS ARE STRICTLY CHRISTIAN ALSO.

    Roman Catholic teachings propound that Christ gave Himself up on the Cross to redeem the first betrayal of Adam; Byzantine belief has it that Christ did it for ransoming the Devil —RIDICULOUS COMMENT!

    Byzantine religion is more liberal than Roman Catholicism
    IN WHAT POSSIBLE WAY? NO EVIDENCE WHATSOEVER.

    Byzantine ecclesiastical thought considers all clergymen as equals, which is not the case in Roman Catholicism which vests the bishopric responsibilities of the Catholic Church on the Pope —BALDERDASH! BYZANTINE CATHOLICS HOLD THE ROMAN PONTIFF AS AS THE SUPREME AUTHORITY AND HEAD OF THE CHURCH.

    ___________________________________________

    Papal and Episcopal Documents (SEARCH THEM FOR YOURSELF)

    Orientale Lumen The Light of the East- John Paul II

    Church Venerates Fathers of East and West – John Paul II

    Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite – Orientalium Ecclesiarum Promulgated by His Holiness, Pope Paul VI on November 21, 1964

    Eastern theology has enriched the whole Church -Pope John Paul II

    Joint Patriarchal Statement – Assyrian Church of the East and Chaldean Catholic Church

    Apostolic Letter of Pope John Paul II on the 350th Anniversary of the Union of Uzhorod

    Unity in Diversity Archbishop Theodore E. McCarrick – From The Catholic Advocate, 17 August 1988

  3. With all due respect, you simply don’t know what you’re talking about. Would recommend that you follow up with Don’s reading list for starters.

  4. From Wikipedia.org

    Eastern Catholic Churches
    The Eastern Catholic Churches are 23 self-governing particular churches in full communion with the Pope. Together with the Latin Church, also known as the Western Church, they make up the Catholic Church. Liturgies of the 23 Eastern Catholic churches include the Byzantine, Alexandrian, Armenian, East Syrian, and West Syrian Rites, traditions that are shared with other Eastern Christian churches with which they were once associated, such as the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches. Although some theological issues divide them from other Eastern churches, they admit members of the latter churches to the Eucharist and the other sacraments, as governed by canon law.
    en.wikipedia.org · Text under CC-BY-SA license

  5. This is article is completely wrong! Please stop spreading lies about both sides of our Catholism! Having grown up Byzantize Catolic, Married a Roman Catholic. Raised my kids both Roman Catholic and now Byzantine Catholic. I can say from almost half a century of experience that this article represents both sides of Catholism very poorly. It does not do them justice, there are so many things wrong I don’t even know where to begin to correct it. All I can say is for those who are interested in both of these sides of Catholism, go visit a Mass in the Roman Catholic Church and then go visit a Liturgy in a Byzantine Catholic Church and talk to a priest or a deacon when you visit each for questions you might have and then you will start to get the answers you need. Just a side note though, the Byzantine Catholic side has 23 rites so when you go to a Byzantine church ask them which rite they are. Each rite comes from a different culture or country of origin. So each Byzantine Liturgy might be slightly different because of the rite of the church as well, just to give you a tip. By the way, I will pray for the author of this article that they will research and find the right info on this topic and correct the wrong information in this article.
    Good Luck to all of you! And God Bless you all!! :-)

  6. This article has confused Byzantine with Orthodox. Byzantine Catholics (and other Eastern Catholics) are free to worship with Roman Catholics. Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian, Serbian, etc.) do not welcome Catholics, in spite of their official name Orthodox Catholic.

Leave a Response

Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. There is no need to resubmit your comment.

References :


[0]http://christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/23214/difference-between-roman-catholic-and-greek-orthodox

[1]http://oca.org/orthodoxy/the-orthodox-faith/worship/the-divine-liturgy/the-divine-liturgy

[2]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Phoenix_-_Saint_Stephen_Byzantine_Catholic_Cathedral_-_2.jpg

Articles on DifferenceBetween.net are general information, and are not intended to substitute for professional advice. The information is "AS IS", "WITH ALL FAULTS". User assumes all risk of use, damage, or injury. You agree that we have no liability for any damages.

Protected by Copyscape Plagiarism Finder