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Difference Between Aluminum and Wooden Bats

baseballAluminum vs Wooden Bats

The major question to judge the difference between aluminum and wood bats is – can an aluminum bat hit a baseball farther than a wooden bat? Both bats have advantages, and we can compare the qualities of the two designs first. The only major difference we may find would be their weight. The aluminum bat is much lighter, and offers more control. Last minute adjustments to swing the ball are easier than with a wooden bat. Since wooden bats make swinging adjustments more difficult, and need more time to move the bat, aluminum is preferred. Wooden bats have less recoil, and do not vibrate as much compared to the aluminum bat, that has a trampoline effect.

To know the difference between aluminum and wooden bats, we have some of parameters, which are the mass of the bat, the mass weight distribution of the bat, the compressibility of wood versus aluminum, and the dynamic transverse elasticity of wood versus aluminum.

By understanding bat materials, we can find major differences. Aluminum bats have varieties of alloys with different combinations of zinc, copper and magnesium. These metals, when alloyed with aluminum, give an increased level of strength, a lighter weight, and durability. Aluminum bats do not break or crack like wooden bats. Wooden bats have a classic feel and sound. They are made out wood, and the length and width of grain indicates the age of the tree and the density. Wooden bats can break and crack with time. Aluminum bats give less vibration if they are made from cryogenically treated aluminum. There are aluminum single layered bats and then there are aluminum double layered bats. Wooden bats are customized to a batter’s swing and come in a variety of shapes and taper.

The right weight of bat is determined by weight-length ratio. That means a 34-inch bat has a -6 ratio weight, and weighs 28 ounces. Selecting the weight of bat depends upon the strength, height and age of the player. Stronger batters can have heavier bats, such as wooden bats, and players with less strength can use light-weight aluminum bats. The lighter the bat the more it will generate swing and increase control. Wooden bats have all their weight concentrated in the barrel, and that means all the gravity is further from the hands, and the weight is not uniformly distributed. An aluminum bat’s weight is uniform, and the balance point is not in the barrel, which makes it easy to swing. The mass of the wooden bat is more concentrated, and it becomes an obstacle to get a higher bat speed. An aluminum bat is more efficient at hitting inside the pitch compared to a wooden bat, but with a disadvantage that it can dent.


1. The major difference between aluminum and wooden bats is weight.

2. Wooden bats do not dent, but can break or crack.

3. Aluminum bats do not break or crack, but may dent.

4. Wooden bats have a concentrated weight in the barrel, which makes the swing slow.

5. Aluminum bats have a uniform weight, and are efficient at hitting inside the pitch.

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