Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between Hope and Wish

Hope vs  Wish

Wishes are for genies. Hopes are for the dreamers. Easy for most people to say; hard for some to understand.
Most people are often confused on the proper usage of the words “hope” and “wish” as they speak of things they would like or not like to happen. Some wish to have wings while others hope to be successful in business. Some wish to see a real genie while some hope to pass the board exam. These being said, the differences between the two words can be easily inferred.

According to the Webster’s Dictionary, the term “wish” can be defined as “a term that refers to a desire or point to something that one longs to have.” It is usually followed by an infinitive or a clause such as in the example, “I wish to travel tomorrow.”

“Hope,” on the other hand, is used in a conversation conveying a possibility or an event that one looks forward to. The difference between “hope” and “wish” can be drawn in the sense of “hope” being backed by a reasonable confidence about the desire. Hope is also used to refer to something positive and doable.

Simply put, the main difference between the two lies on the probability or likelihood of a person’s desires. We wish when something is unlikely or impossible to be carried out. We hope for things that are possible and take on a huge potential to happen.

“Wish” is used during desperate events (i.e. One has a deep wanting for a subject with a slim chance of possibility.) It is also often used when expressing a desire coupled with a clear sarcasm.
“Hope,” on the other hand, is used when one is confident that the events are highly possible to turn out.
Take these two sentences, for example: “John wishes he could pass the exam” and “John hopes he passes the exam.” In the first sentence, John has this impossible desire to pass the exam, but he doesn’t think he could. Meaning he’s hopeless so he wishes. On the other hand, the second sentence implies that John thinks it is likely for him to pass the exam, but there are still some chances of failing it so he hopes for his success.
Formulating sentences with the words “wish” and “hope” also take on different rules depending on the forms of the verb used in the sentences. When making a wish, one should use the past tense of the verb:

I wish I belonged in the top ten of my class. (But I do not.)
Most parents wish they had genius kids. (But they do not.)

When making a wish about the past, use the past perfect tense of the verb:

Mary wishes she had spent more time studying rather than chatting with her boyfriend. (But she did not.)
I wish I had learned to drive early. (But I did not.)

Using “hope,” on the other hand, requires the use of the usual sequence of tense rules when referring to the future while taking a past or present perspective. Most frequently, the verb “hope” and the verb in the noun clause are in simple present tense.

I hope he wins. / I hope he will win.
My family hopes you come back. / My family hopes you will come back. (soon can also be used – My family hopes you’ll come back soon.)
Aaron’s little sister hopes she becomes like her big brother when she grows up.

Simply put, “wish” should be used when referring to an impossibility or to a desire with little chances of coming true. “Hope” should be used in a sentence that implies a longing for things or events that are highly probable to happen.

Summary:

1.Both “hope” and “wish” are used to express longing and desire.
2.Using “wish” is more proper when referring to impossible events while “hope” comes with reasonable confidence.
3.The verb tenses used in a sentence with “wish” take on different rules based on perspective. Using “hope,” on the other hand, generally follows the simple tense of the verb.


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