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Difference Between Bangladesh and India

Bangladesh and India are both South Asian countries that share many cultural ties. Part of Bangladesh is surrounded by the Indian state of West Bengal. Hence, the east Indian state of West Bengal and Bangladesh are Bengali-speaking (Bangladeshi’s official language). India is known second to China, as the most populated country, constituting one-sixth of the world’s total population. Meanwhile, Bangladesh is considered as the most densely inhabited non-island country, with approximately 1.6 million people living in an area of 147, 570 square kilometers. The following paragraphs further present such distinctions.

 

What is Bangladesh?

“Gana Prajatantri Bangladesh” or the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is the most densely populated non-island nation in the world. With approximately 1.6 million inhabitants living in an area of 147, 570 square kilometers. Bangladesh is a new nation which received its independence on December 16, 1971 from West Pakistan. In addition, it has a unitary multiparty republic form of government with one legislative house which is the parliament. The people of Bangladesh have Abdul Hamid as their president and Sheikh Hasina Wazed (Wajed) as their prime minister. The capital city is Bangladesh and the official language is Bengali or Bangla.

 

What is India?

The Republic of India is the most populated country second to China and it contains one-sixth of the world’s total population. It has a total area of 3, 166, 391 square kilometers with an estimated population of 1.3 billion. India is a huge country which was freed by the United Kingdom on August 15, 1947. The current form of government is multiparty federal republic with two legislative houses, namely Council of States and House of the People. Ram Nath Kovind is the President of India, while Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister. The capital city is New Delhi and the official languages are Hindi and English. 

 

Difference between Bangladesh and India

Official Name

The People’s Republic of Bangladesh is locally termed as “Gana Prajatantri Bangladesh” while the Republic of India is also known as “Bharat Ganarajya”.

Form of Government

Bangladesh is a parliamentary republic with eight divisions, while India is a federal parliamentary republic with 29 states and seven union territories.

Total Area and Population

Bangladesh has a total area of 147, 570 square kilometers with a population of approximately 1.6 million. On the other hand, India is the 7th largest country which has a total area of 3,166,391 square kilometers with an estimated population of 1.3 billion.

Major Religious Group

The predominant religious group in Bangladesh is Muslim while most people in India practice Hinduism.

Main Language spoken in Bangladesh and India

Bengali or Bangla is the main language in the People’s Republic of Bangladesh while both Hindu and English are considered as official languages in the Republic of India.

Currency in Bangladesh and India

The monetary unit in Bangladesh is Bangladesh Taka (BDT) and 1 BDT is equal to 0.012 United States Dollar (USD). The currency in India is Indian Rupee (INR) and 1 INR amounts to 0.014 USD.

National Emblem

The national emblem of Bangladesh is a golden water lily which is bordered by rice sheaves. Above the lily are three connected jute leaves and four stars. As for India, theirs is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka which features four lions and the base shows the “Ashoka Chakra” (a wheel with 24 spokes) which is flanked by a horse and a bull.

Illicit Drugs

Bangladesh is considered as the transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries. On the other hand, India is the world’s largest producer of illegal opium for pharmaceutical trade.

Citizenship

Dual citizenship is recognized in Bangladesh; however, it is only limited to certain circumstances. Those with Bangladeshi origin who are citizens of Europe, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and United States may process their Dual Nationality Certificates. On the contrary, any form of dual citizenship is not recognized in India.

Military Branches

Bangladesh has a defense force constituting of the Bangladesh Army (Sena Bahini), Bangladesh Navy (Noh Bahini), and Bangladesh Air Force (Biman Bahini). On the other hand, India’s military branches are the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard.

Bangladesh vs India

 

Summary of Bangladesh vs India

  • Both Bangladesh and India are South Asian nations with cultural links being shared, including the use of Bengali as a language in the east Indian state of West Bengal and Bangladesh.
  • Bangladesh is the most densely populated non-island nation in the world.
  • Constituting one-sixth of the world’s total population, India is the most populated country second to China.
  • Bangladesh has a unitary multiparty republic form of government with one legislative house which is the parliament while India has a multiparty federal republic with two legislative houses.
  • Bangladeshis are predominantly Muslim while Indians are predominantly Hindu.
  • Bangladeshis’ main language is Bengali or Bangla while Indians use both Hindu and English.
  • Bangladesh is the transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries. On the other hand, India is known the world’s largest producer of illegal opium for pharmaceutical trade.
  • Unlike the government of India, that of Bangladesh acknowledges dual citizenship
  • Bangladesh’s military branches include Bangladesh Army (Sena Bahini), Bangladesh Navy (Noh Bahini), and Bangladesh Air Force (Biman Bahini). On the other hand, India’s military branches include the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard.

 

gene balinggan

Gene Balinggan is a Registered Psychologist, licensed professional teacher, and a freelance academic and creative writer. She has been teaching social science courses both in the undergrad and graduate levels. Some of the major subjects which she is handling are Theories of Personality, Experimental Psychology, Historical Foundations of Psychology, and Abnormal Psychology.She co-authored a manual in General Psychology and a textbook, “Understanding the Self”. She is also currently the Psychology-Behavioral Science Society adviser in their university. Gene has also been a research adviser and panel member in a number of psychology and special education paper presentations. Her certifications include TESOL (Tampa, Florida), Psychiatric Ward Practicum Certification (Baguio General Hospital), Outcome-Based Education, and Marker of Diploma Courses (Community Training Australia). She finished her BS Psychology at Saint Louis University and her MAT Special Education and MA Psychology at the University of the Cordilleras.

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1 Comment

  1. Res/sir
    You forget to add the capital city of bangladesh.
    Thanks and regards

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References :


[0]Image credit: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg/500px-Flag_of_Bangladesh.svg.png

[1]Image credit: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Flag_of_India.svg/500px-Flag_of_India.svg.png

[2]DK Travel. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide India. New York, NY: Dorling Kindersley Limited, 2017. Print. 

[3]Rahman, Urmi. Bangladesh-Culture Smart! Hutton Grove, London: Kuperard, 2014. Print.

[4]Ramesh, Thota. Daily Life in Indian Culture. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2018. Print.

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