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Difference Between Nepal and Tibet

Difference Between Nepal and Tibet

Nepal vs. Tibet

Nepal and Tibet are two places that are often mistaken for each other since they lie in very close proximity to each other. Another similarity between Nepal and Tibet is their claim of Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, and the common history of being an oppressed land under foreign rule.

However, there are differences that exist between Nepal and Tibet. One of these differences is in terms of sovereignty. Nepal is an independent state. Its type of government is a federal government run by a President and a Prime Minister. It has been under the influence of India over the course of its history. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu, and its flag is very unique – it is triangular.

Nepal is considered a south Asian country. It is near India and the Himalayas. It is close to China by virtue of Tibet being part of China. Nepal houses eight out of the ten highest peaks in the world. It is often used as the base camp in mountain expeditions, especially involving climbing Mount Everest.

On the other hand, Tibet is considered an autonomous region and a province of China like Taiwan and Hong Kong. The Tibetan government exists in two forms, the Chinese government and a government in exile, the Central Tibetan Administration, headed by the Dalai Lama. The Dalai Lama is considered as the spiritual and political leader of Tibet. The Tibetan capital is called Lhasa.

In addition, Tibet is the region with the highest plateau on the planet. It is often referred to as “The Roof of the World.”

Both Nepal and Tibet are agriculture-based economies. However, there is an additional industry in Nepal, like services. Tibetans also make a living by being nomads or semi-nomads. In terms of development, Nepal is more developed since it has its own radio, airport, and university.

Religion and language are also a point of difference between the two countries. Nepal is mostly comprised of Hindus, but there is a significant number of Buddhists and Muslims living in the country. Tibet features a unique kind of Buddhism called Tibetan Buddhism.

Nepalese people speak Nepalese as their primary language, but there are some minority languages as well. Educated people also speak English. Meanwhile, Tibetan people speak Tibetan and Chinese due to the Chinese annexation.


1. Both Nepal and Tibet are situated near the Himalayas, and both claim Mount Everest and the Himalayas as part of their territory. Another similarity can be seen in the type of economy as well as elements of oppression in their histories.
2. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu, while the Tibetan capital is called Lhasa. Nepal is also known for the unique shape of its flag. Tibet also has its own flag.
3. Another point of difference is sovereignty. Nepal is an independent state with a federal government at its head. Meanwhile, Tibet is classified as an autonomous region or a Chinese province. Nepal has one form of government, while Tibet has two –the Chinese government and a government in exile headed by the Dalai Lama.
4. Nepal is considered a more developed place compared to Tibet. It has its own airport, radio, and university.
5. Religion and language are other major points of comparison. Nepalese people are primarily Hindus with Buddhists and Muslims as minorities. On the other hand, Tibet has a unique Buddhism called Tibetan Buddhism. The Nepalese language is the primary language in Nepal; meanwhile, the Tibetan people have their own language but are also fluent in Chinese.

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  1. Nepal is not more developed than Tibet in terms of infrastructure.

  2. tibet have big road, trains, air port university and its a big city! how you compare tibet with income percapita usd 4,721 with small country with income percapita usd 743.

  3. The history of Nepal and Tibet is different . Tibet lost her sovereignty and Nepal is indenendent and sovereign state.
    Today per capita of Tibet May higher than Nepalese
    But they are ruled by Han Chinese, they don’t have their ideology.
    How long few exile Tibeaten will supported by west ? So they already blended with Han Chinese , today Tibet is a part of China, and nepal is small but Nepalese have their glorious history, we fought with Tibet and Tibet was sub ordinated to Nepal .
    nepal refuge many Tibeaten in nepal . Nepal introduced buddhasim in Tibet . So , the outer Tibet is rich than nepal but they are not free and living life like 7 th century’s but liberty ,freedom and independence is practicing by Nepalese . So whose happiness is bigger ?

    • How come the Tibetan plateau, the largest plateau in the world with 2.7 trillion km could be the sub- coordinate of 25 times smaller tiny state of Nepal, which is part of India given its linguistic, religious, looks and cultural.
      It’s sound very irrational and impractical.

  4. Just as i thought you’re one ignorant nepali. Just google in “TIBETAN empire” during 7-9th century,we’ve ruled over 15 countries that are sovereign nations today,including small piece of cake like Nepal during the time when Tibet was non-buddhist and war-oriented. Yes,you won the war but many centuries later when Tibet was at the weakest stages in the entire span of our military history.
    Since it was a conventional warfare during those times, no.s do matter a lot. With that being said, look through the cases wherein military population of Nepal way outnumbered Tibetans in both the wars.
    Furthermore, you’re talking bullshit when you’re claiming Nepal is economically better off than Tibet. Please dont mention it to a serious researchers,they’ll die by “lol”. You’re placing Nepal at the 21st century and on other hand, Tibet at the 1950’s as if nothing will change within the span of more than 60years even if China hadn’t invaded Tibet. Just look at the level of institutionalization and development of Tibetan communities within India, Taiwan and elsewhere. Whereas, Nepali are predominantly in Indian military as Gorkhas,street vendor in everywhere we go in India selling momo(which is indeed a Tibetan food, you stole our culture because you dont have. Since,you were sandwiched between Tibetan and Indian cultures,you dont have anything that is genuinely yours) and to mention is the loyal gatekeepers in Chandigarh & New Delhi. Do you know what is HDI and how is it being measured? You should focus on augmenting it otherwise you’ll be constantly humiliated by Indians by calling you “Bahadur,chokidar,momo(that’s actually ours but thanks for selling a masala momo that’ll never have an authentic taste). Please improve your infras,HDI and image.

    • Bhote, Your leader Dalai lama is Indian pig, and a big fat liar. If your leader is that coward, then what can we expect from other Tibetians. Go and lick Indian or Chinese boot because that is what you are good at.

      • Nepal is a land where they got no culture of its own. The small Hindu territory is culturally and territorial part of India. Namaste,Dhanyavad (Hindi), Hinduism(Religion of Indians), Dashain, Devaali,Tihar (Indian celebration), Hindu (Indians), Hindi Devanagari writing system.

        • Every culture has it own meaning and painfull stories/ memories which we all follow differently from a long time…. and every festival give us happyness/famils gathering at a time, how woundrfull movement we spend with our family and friends.,, festival play the most important role to that we bounded with love and feeling, it’s the movement we come to meet our families and friend from all the by seping the lots of money…
          So guys do not insult each other happiness/ culture…we have to keep live our tradition and culture as its make the different from each other….,it’s the buiety of humanity..

    • Mate, why are you so racist?

      Nepal of course has it’s own cultures and identities. Nepalis do not take claim for momos, in fact, as a Nepali, I mention it’s Tibetan-Qin origins.

      You’re just a racist.


  5. Please, Nepal and Tibet, do not fight and argue about who is better, as my western idealism of you both will be damaged, perhaps forever….peace to all

  6. If you have To visite both countries as a tourist for the first time and you have 7or 8 days
    What are the differencies you have To know , To see , To visit?
    And I al convinced Evert region has beautifull things

  7. Nepal and Tibetan are distinct people and identities. Compare Nepal with Pakistan, India & Bangladesh. These people are South Asian and they speak same Indo-Aryan Language. They looks similar racially, though South Asian were one of the most diverse people.

  8. Nepal is not related to Tibetan.

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