Difference Between Tibet and China
Tibet vs China
Tibet and China are often mistaken for each other for good reason – they are each part of the other. Furthermore, both are located in East Asia. Despite this confusion, there are still many differences between the two places.
Tibet is a former independent nation with the capital of Lhasa. From 1965 until today, Tibet has been a part of China, formally as one of China’s autonomous regions. China, on the other hand, is an independent nation, with Beijing as its capital.
Tibet and China have a long relationship and a long history with each other. At one point in their histories, Tibet became part of China. Later, Tibet would regain independence. In 1950, China’s government attacked and defeated Tibet to gain a strategic border in Asia. Tibet’s political and spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, was forced into exile. As part of China’s new territories, Tibet was under the rule of China and its government.
China’s formal name is the People’s Republic of China and Tibet is known as the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. Tibet has an official government which it shares with mainland China – the Chinese government. However, Tibet also has a government in exile, headed by its exiled leader, the Dalai Lama. This government is called the Central Tibetan Authority and is based in India.
China has 23 provinces, three municipalities and five autonomous regions. Tibet is one of the autonomous regions. It has a large scope of land that includes different land forms including three elevations. The highest elevation in Tibet is the highest plateau and the highest point in the world, Mount Everest.
China is also a multiracial state, with different ethnic groups living in its boundaries. The Tibetans are but one of these ethnic groups. The most prominent ethnic group is the Han China which comprises the majority of the population. In Tibet, the majority of people are Tibetans with a scattering of Chinese.
The Chinese are considered to be largest population in the world. Politically, Tibetans are considered Chinese and part of the Chinese population. But in terms of ethnicity, the Chinese people outnumber the Tibetan people.
Due to its multiracial status, there are many languages spoken in China. There are four major linguistic families, six Chinese dialects and 41 minority languages. Tibetan is included in the minority languages and spoken predominately in Tibet.
Transportation is also a major difference between the two. China has numerous forms of transportation with many roads, 16 ports, three airfields and various railroads. Tibet, in contrast, only uses roads and railroads for travel.
Tibet and China share the same location (East Asia) and the same official government – The Chinese Communist Government.
Tibet is part of China and is one of its autonomous regions. It was formerly an independent nation until the 1950s. China is an independent country with its own government stretching over the mainland and its other territories including Tibet, Hong Kong and others.
Officially, Tibet is part of China’s government. However, it has a government, in exile, called the Central Tibetan Authority. This government is headed by the Dalai Lama, the exiled leader of Tibet in India.
The Chinese population exceeds Tibet’s and its land scope is larger. China hosts multiple ethnic groups while Tibet only hosts a particular ethnic group – the Tibetans. Tibetans are part of the Chinese population. The majority of the Chinese population is Han Chinese.
Due to multiple ethnic groups, the Chinese nation has multiple languages which include 4four linguistic families, six Chinese dialects and 41 minority languages. The official language of China is Mandarin Chinese. Tibet maintains the Tibetan language while adopting the Chinese language for communication purposes.
China uses many means of transportation including railroads, roads, ports, airports and airfields. Meanwhile, Tibet uses roads and railroads as their main form of transportation.
Tibet comprises the highest elevation of China. The highest elevation includes Tibet as the highest plateau and Mount Everest as the highest point. There two additional elevations in China’s topography.
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