Character and Trait are two words in the English dictionary that is often reciprocated as synonyms. However such conclusion is not true. Character refers to the distinctive qualities that a person exhibits. Such qualities can either be inherited or acquired over a period of time, with interaction between intrinsic and extrinsic environment. Hence character refers to a behaviour exhibited by a person which varies from situation to situation.
On the other hand trait indicates the inherent qualities that are present in an individual from birth. Traits can either signify a behavioural pattern or a disease pattern. For example, certain genetic diseases like sickle cell anaemia are referred to as “trait” while extrovert or introvert feature of an individual is referred to as “character”.
By referring to “character” we define the sense of quality behaviour exhibited by a person in real time scenario. A person may be identified with a “good character”, if he or she exhibits the qualities of honesty, kindness, integrity, helpfulness and co-operation. On the other hand, a person may be identified with a “bad character”, if he or she exhibits such attributes like deception, dishonesty, deception, manipulation and cheating. Character develops in an individual right from birth and becomes modified in various ways till his or her death.
Such development of character depends upon one’s interaction with the socio-economic environment in which an individual grows up or spends time as a part of their profession. Character is something that is learnt by experiential learning. For example, schooling and good parental support helps an individual to generally exhibit good moral character. On the other hand economic poverty and parental constraints deviates the character of an individual child. However, such observations are not true always. Due to the want and need for financial independence, people tend to sway away from moral character as their actions are influenced by others or by a particular situation.
Trait is something that is genetically determined and is present within an individual right from birth and does not change over a period of time. For example, a person with sickle cell trait or trait for colour blindness will always continue to suffer, from sickle cell anaemia and have a difficulty in identifying the hues of colour.
Such defects are inherent within their genes caused due to inheritance from paternal allosomes or autosomes. Allosomes refer to the chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes which constitutes 22 pairs of chromosomes. On the other hand allosomes refer to the sex chromosomes which are the 23rd pair of chromosome in human beings.
Trait is not changed through association and dissociation, with surrounding environment or societal situations. Different members of a family or a pedigree might have the same trait. For example, a person carrying a dominant gene for color blindness will exhibit color blindness, however if he contains the recessive gene, he will still carry the trait for color blindness but will not exhibit the same.
The major differences between character and traits are tabulated below:
|Definition||Represents behavioural pattern of an individual which is subjected to change under socio-economic conditions||Represents a specific feature in an individual present from birth and remains constant under socio-economic conditions|
|Influenced by||External environments||Gene-gene interactions|
|Mediated by||Neuro-physiological factors||Autosomes or Allosomes|
|Manipulated by||Counseling and Medications||Gene therapy or migration of individuals carrying the trai from a given population|
|Dominant or Recessive||Not expressed with such definitions||A trait can be dominant or recessive based on their phenotypic expression.|
|Acquired Over Time||Yes||No|
|Changes with time||Yes||No|
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