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Difference Between Human and Neanderthal

neanderthal-pdHuman vs Neanderthal

The difference between humans and Neanderthals is their height, size and morphological features. Neanderthals, when compared to humans, were shorter in height and smaller in size. Humans have larger bodies when compared to Neanderthals, and have a significant difference in form and structure, especially in their skulls and teeth.

Another significant difference in the human and Neanderthal is their DNA. Fossil and archaeological evidence prove a distinct separation between Neanderthals and the modern Homo sapiens. Neanderthals were a different species to humans. The brain of a Neanderthal had a raised larynx, and was also bigger than that of the Homo sapiens.

There are notable physical differences between humans and Neanderthals, such as the Neanderthal has thicker bones, shorter limbs, an asymmetrical humerus, barrel chest and thicker metacarpals.

Neanderthal developmental differences from humans are the Craniodental development. Neanderthal and human faces and dental differences starts right from pre birth. The human and Neanderthal occurrence in time also signifies a difference in both species. Neanderthals, when compared to humans, were much stronger, and they lived in the cold climate of Europe.

Neanderthals were homogeneous species, and they are not human ancestors. Although, the difference between humans and Neanderthals when compared to apes is small. Neanderthals had a small population in the relatively recent past, and have no genetic or evolutionary connections with humans. Neanderthals displayed limited genetic diversity due to the lack of clear hybrids in the fossil record, and the lack of Neanderthal features in modern humans. Their limited genetic diversity suggests they went extinct, leaving no descendants. Their Homo erectus development is also more similar to that of apes rather than the modern human. The human child’s growth rate is slower than that of the Neanderthal child, as they used to grow rapidly from infants to adults.

Humans share similarities with other animals, such as anatomical, physiological and biochemical aspects. As humans are made from pre-existing material, as said by the bible, humans have much similarity within their basic body plan, the way it works and the underlying chemical pathway and machines in the body. They are almost the same as other mammals such as Neanderthals and other primates. Some of the significant differences between the human and Neanderthal are the distinctive sizes of their brain, bipedalism, decreased size of back teeth and advanced culture.


1. Human and Neanderthal brains and body structures have major differences in height and size.

2. Neanderthals are not ancestors of humans, but a homogenous species.

3. Humans have developed better eyesight, hearing or smell than Neanderthals due to skeletal adaptations.

4. Neanderthals and humans have many difference in their DNA.

5. Humans and Neanderthals seem not to have major differences in their behavior, and as well as cultural abilities, but Neanderthals fossil brains differ from the modern human brain.

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  1. This needs to be updated, I believe that it was recently reported on the news that Neaderthal genes have recently been found in some human DNA. Could you check on this?

  2. A CBS program said humans out number neaderthals
    10 to 1, Out numbered wiped out neaderthals population . Also a study of about 1000 people from Africa , Asia and Europe showed they
    had a small percent of neaderthal gene.

  3. “As humans are made from pre-existing material, as said by the bible”


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