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Difference between Python and King Cobra

The python and the king cobra are two of the world’s largest and deadliest reptiles. The king cobra, being the longest and venomous snake can easily bring down an elephant. Similarly, the reticulated python is known to be the longest living snake specie and can squeeze their prey, including humans, dead within minutes. Despite their not so friendly reputation, some individuals take care of them as pets. 

Regarding their differences, pythons are nonvenomous constrictors while the king cobra is known for its lethal poison. Also, pythons are often bigger, longer, and camouflage while king cobras are much more agile. The following discussions further look into their distinctions. 

 

What is a Python? 

“Python” is Greek word which first appeared in the 1580s. It referred to the fabled serpent which was “slain by Apollo”.  The monster’s features in the mythology is similar to its realistic descriptions which are enormous and treacherous. They may reach up to more than nine meters in length; hence, their size makes them move slower. However, they rely on their camouflage, patience, and strength in hunting for their prey.  

Python is a genus of the family Pythonidae. They are often found in Asia and Africa as they thrive in warm temperatures. The following are its known species: 

  •   Angolan Python (Python anchietae)
  • Burmese Python (Python bivittatus) 
  • Bornean Short-tailed Python / Bornean Blood Python (Python breitensteini) 
  • Brongersma’s Short-tailed Python/ Brongersma’s Blood Python (Python brongersmai) 
  • Sumatran Short-tailed Python / Sumatran Blood Python (Python curtus) 
  • Myanmar Short-tailed Python/ Myanmar Blood Python (Python kyaiktiyo)  
  • Indian Python/ Black Tailed Python (Python molurus)
  • Ball Python/ Royal Python (Python reguis) 
  • Reticulated Python (Python reticulatus) 
  • African Rock Python (Python sebae) 
  • Timor Python (Python timoriensis) 

 

What is a King Cobra? 

The species name of King Cobra is Ophiophagus hannah which came from the Greek words, “ophio” for “snake”, and “phagus” for “eater”, hence, “snake eater”. “Hannah” is derived from Greek mythology’s tree-dwelling nymphs. It is also known as “Hamadryad”, a nymph who lives in trees in Greek and Roman mythology.   True to its name, the King Cobra is known to be an arboreal imposing reptile which eats other snakes. Being a “king”, it can also eat other cobras. Moreover, its name came from the Portuguese, “cobra de capello” which literally means “hooded snake”. 

The King Cobra is generally larger as compared to other cobras and is often found in the forests of South and Southeast Asia. Its length can reach up to more than five meters which makes it the longest venomous snake. Showcasing the typical cobra stance, it raises its head and front part while expanding its neck hood when threatened. Its bite is extremely fatal as its venom can kill a large animal such as an elephant in several hours by delivering high quantities of paralysis-inducing neurotoxins. Unfortunately, around 50% of untreated human cases eventually lead to death. 

 

Difference between Python and King Cobra

  1. How Python and King Cobra Kill Their Prey 

As one of the Elapids, the King Cobra kills its prey through its venom which is injected through its hollow fangs while pythons rely on their abilities to camouflage, wait, and strength in constricting. Moreover, cobras can usually move faster due to their smaller size, hence, they are known to follow and chase their prey. 

  1. Longest Python and King Cobra in Record 

The longest python according to Guinness world record is a reticulated python at 25.2 feet. On the other hand, the longest known King Cobra measured (not by Guinness) is 19.2 feet. 

  1. Python and King Cobra Geographical Distribution 

Pythons are often found in some parts of Asia, Australia, and Africa such as Nepal, China, India, Madagascar, and Sahara, while the King Cobra’s geographical distribution is more limited to some countries in South and Southeast Asia such as Vietnam, Indonesia, Pakistan, Laos, and Myanmar. 

  1. Iconic Image

Unlike pythons, the King Cobra has a more iconic image with its threatening expanding hood and prideful upright posture. It is also associated with elegance and grace in performances of snake charmers. Contrary to popular perception, the king cobra could not actually hear the music as it is merely enticed by the shape and movement of the flute. 

  1. Color of Python Vs. King Cobra

Pythons are generally patterned scales from solid brown to bright green or yellow. King cobras are usually having light or dark brown, yellow, black, or light green shades. Though both snakes generally have various colors, King Cobras usually have white or yellow chevrons.

  1. Diet

Pythons tend to prey on larger animals and mammals like pigs and antelopes while King Cobras usually eat cold-blooded animals as well as other snakes. 

  1. Nest

Unlike pythons, the King Cobra is the only known snake to make nests for its eggs. 

  1. Movement involved in Python Vs. King Cobra

As compared to cobras, pythons move slower due their size. They move in a rectilinear progression which means that they forward in a straight line by stiffening their ribs then lifting and pushing their bellies. Their estimated speed is only one mile per hour. As for king cobras, they often use the serpentine method, otherwise known as lateral undulation, which is the usual wavy motion. They can move for around three to five miles per hour. 

Python vs King Cobra

Summary of Python Vs. King Cobra

  • The python and the king cobra are two of the world’s largest and deadliest reptiles.
  • Pythons are nonvenomous constrictors while King Cobras are fast-moving venomous snakes. 
  • Pythons are generally longer than King Cobras. 
  • Pythons’ geographical distribution are in Asia, Australia, and Africa while King Cobras are only usually found in south and southeast Asia. 
  • Unlike pythons, King Cobras have white or yellow chevrons. 
  • Pythons usually prey on bigger mammals while King Cobras eat smaller animals as well as other snakes. 
  • Unlike pythons, King Cobras make nests. 

 

gene balinggan

Gene Balinggan is a Registered Psychologist, licensed professional teacher, and a freelance academic and creative writer. She has been teaching social science courses both in the undergrad and graduate levels. Some of the major subjects which she is handling are Theories of Personality, Experimental Psychology, Historical Foundations of Psychology, and Abnormal Psychology.She co-authored a manual in General Psychology and a textbook, “Understanding the Self”. She is also currently the Psychology-Behavioral Science Society adviser in their university. Gene has also been a research adviser and panel member in a number of psychology and special education paper presentations. Her certifications include TESOL (Tampa, Florida), Psychiatric Ward Practicum Certification (Baguio General Hospital), Outcome-Based Education, and Marker of Diploma Courses (Community Training Australia). She finished her BS Psychology at Saint Louis University and her MAT Special Education and MA Psychology at the University of the Cordilleras.

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References :


[0]Hesper, Sam. King Cobras. New York: PowerKids Press, 2015. Print. 

[1]Szalay, Jessie. “Facts about Cobras”. Live Science, Purch, 12 Dec. 2014, https://www.livescience.com/43520-cobra-facts.html 

[2]Twigger, Robert. Big Snake. New York: William Morrow, 2000. Print. 

[3]Image credit: https://www.pexels.com/photo/yellow-animal-dangerous-head-80474/

[4]Image credit: https://www.pexels.com/photo/nature-australia-reptile-snake-106690/

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