Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects

Difference Between OEM and Retail Windows

windowsOEM vs. Retail Windows

Oracle Enterprise Manager (also known as OEM) is a computer application. Its primary objective is to manage any software that is produced specifically by the Oracle Corporation. It also has the ability to manage software that is produced by some non-Oracle corporations. There have been three major releases of the OEM application: the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control, the Oracle Enterprise Manager Application Server Control, and the Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control. The OEM Database Control is the oldest and (arguably) the most well known release and its objective is to manage Oracle databases –it was originally a Java client which was able to configure and manage databases. The OEM Application Server Control contains a web interface which manages the application server. The OEM Grid Control manages a heavy load of databases and application servers as well as manages multiple instances of Oracle deployment platforms.

Retail Windows (also known simply as Microsoft Windows or Windows) is the arguably the most well known series of software operating systems and GUIs used in the world. Windows was, of course, developed by Microsoft as a direct response to the growing interest in GUIs in the mid to late 80s. There are multiple retail versions of Windows, the most well known are Windows 98, Windows XP, and Windows Vista. The newest permutation of the Windows franchise is known as Windows 7. There have been multiple releases of every mainstream version of Windows –most notably, Windows comes in the Home Edition (or HE) and the Professional Edition (or PE). For the most part, the professional version of most Windows releases has added security features that are not available on the home editions.

OEM functions through intelligent agents — a rational agent. Oracle refers to these intelligent agents as Oracle Management Agents. These intelligent agents run autonomous proxy processes on a node that is managed. They perform execution and monitoring tasks for OEM –they communicate through a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (or an HTTP or HTTPS –the secure permutation of the HTTP). The permutation of Oracle known as Oracle 10g contains 14 additional packs (or plug ins) that require separate licensing. Upon installing OEM, the OMA enables multiple server packs regardless of what license the customer holds.

The retail editions of Windows were originally designed in order to allow users to use Windows easily without a network connection. Thusly, it did not contain any security features. The latest permutations of Windows are designed specifically for security (on and off a network) as well as multi-user PCs. Any further security patches needed are released through Windows Update approximately once a month –though any security upgrades that are crucial can be made much sooner.


1. OEM is a computer application that manages software produced specifically by Oracle or some non-Oracle corporations; Retail Windows is the most well known series of software operating systems and GUIs in the world and has numerous permutations (the most notable of which are Windows XP and Windows Vista).

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  1. I thought this was a comparison between OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) version and Retail version of Windows, but it wasn’t. What a misleading comparison…

  2. I was trying to find out if the OEM Download is the same as the box retail version of Windows 10 Home Premium

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