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Difference Between Outlook and Exchange

To better understand the difference between Outlook and Exchange, you must know the difference between an email client and a mail server. A mail server is a system that stores and manages your sent and received mails over a network, usually over the Internet. Think of a mail server as your friendly neighborhood deliveryman who receives emails from local users and reroutes them for delivery. A mail server sends and receives emails using standard email protocols such as IMAP and POP3 protocols. An email client is used for sending and receiving emails. For example, a webmail is an email client that is installed on a server and functions in almost any web browser. Microsoft Outlook is an email client and Exchange is a Microsoft proprietary email server and calendaring server.

What is Microsoft Outlook?

Microsoft Outlook is an email client used to send and receive electronic messages over a network using standard email protocols. It’s more like a software program which is more than just an email management application; in fact, it’s part of the Microsoft Office suite of software and programs which allow you to manage your emails, contacts, address book, tasks, calendar, all in one place. It is basically a desktop email client installed on your computer and is mainly used for email management and is designed to function as an independent personal information manager.

 

What is Microsoft Exchange?

Microsoft Exchange is an email server application and personal information management server that runs on Windows Server operating system. It is a software product developed by Microsoft designed to make emailing faster and more efficient. It is a Microsoft proprietary product comprises of Microsoft Outlook email client and Microsoft Exchange Server providing an integrated system to store and manage all your emails, messages, contacts, tasks, and more in a centralized database. Microsoft Exchange is also known as Windows Messaging. Simply put, it’s a software program that runs on a server and manages all your emails.

 

Difference between Outlook and Exchange

Basics of Outlook Verses Exchange

Microsoft Outlook is one of many email clients used to send and receive email messages over a network, usually the internet. Although it is often used as an email client, it is more than just an email application. It’s part of the Microsoft Office suite of proprietary software and programs which makes it easy to manage your emails, contacts, and calendar, and even social networks – all in one place. Microsoft Exchange is a Microsoft proprietary product that consists of the Microsoft Exchange Server and the Microsoft Outlook. It is simply an email server solution developed by Microsoft.

Purpose of Outlook verses Exchange

Basically, both the applications work together, one at the server side and the other at the client side. Microsoft Exchange is a software suite that operates on the server side providing the back end to a centralized system for your emails, messages, calendars, and tasks. It is used to receive and store sent emails. Outlook, on the other hand, is a desktop email client, an application installed on your computer used to communicate and keep in sync with Exchange. It is used to retrieve emails from the Exchange Server and in order to do so, the POP (Post Office Protocol) is commonly used.

Significance of Outlook verses Exchange

Microsoft Exchange has made emailing faster and more efficient than ever. Emails can be delivered directly to a server using Microsoft Exchange. It is designed to centralize your emails into one integrated database so that they can be backed up periodically to avoid losing your emails in the first place. Microsoft Outlook is more like a personal information manager which not only provides access to the Exchange Server but also includes calendar, contact manager, task manager, web browsing, address book, and more. It’s all included in the Microsoft Office suite of software and programs along with Excel, Word, and PowerPoint.

Organization

Microsoft Exchange is hosted on a server, so it requires maintenance and upgrading it can be a hassle too, which is time consuming and frustrating as well. However, it keeps the emails confidential making them less vulnerable to security threats such as hackers and virus attacks. Microsoft Outlook, on the other hand, is an email management program which keeps all your emails synced directly into your calendar or your contacts. It also comes with an integrated search function that allows you to search specific keywords to filter through hundreds of thousands of emails, contacts and dates.

Access to Outlook verses Exchange

Microsoft Outlook can also be accessed from the web browser via Outlook on the web – the web-based email client. Formerly Outlook Web App, the Outlook on the web provides a similar interface to that of the Office suite’s Microsoft Outlook but without the need of installing the full software suite of applications. It allows you to access your emails, contacts, calendars, and tasks from Microsoft’s cloud-based Exchange Online and the Microsoft Exchange Server. Microsoft Exchange Server is a server application which must be used along with the Windows Server operating system.

Outlook vs. Exchange: Comparison Chart

 

Summary of Outlook Vs. Exchange

Although both the applications work together, Microsoft Exchange provides the back end to a centralized system for your emails, messages, calendars, and tasks, whereas Outlook is a desktop email client which keeps in sync with the Exchange Server. Microsoft Outlook is part of the Microsoft Office suite of applications comprising of emails, task manager, contact manager, notes, journal, web browsing, and more. Microsoft Exchange falls in the server software category and is designed to be used exclusively for server operating system such as Windows Server. In a nutshell, Exchange is an email management solution which allows users to have their own mail system.


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References :


[0]Redmond, Tony. Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Inside Out. London: Pearson Education, 2010. Print

[1]Rizzo, Thomas. Programming Microsoft Outlook and Microsoft Exchange 2003. Redmond: Microsoft Press, 2003. Print

[2]Robichaux, Paul et al. Exchange Server Cookbook. Sebastopol: O’Reilly Media, 2005. Print

[3]Image credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/marcopako/3269822064

[4]Image credit: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0b/Microsoft_Outlook_2013_logo.svg/500px-Microsoft_Outlook_2013_logo.svg.png

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