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Difference Between Communism and Anarchism

anarchyCommunism vs Anarchism

Communism and anarchism stand miles apart. Though communism and anarchism view a society without a government, they cannot be the same in way.

Anarchism is always used in a negative sense and it implies lack of order and only chaos.

In Anarchism, there is no rule or government or a ruler. Every one is free to take their own decisions according to their wishes. On the other hand, in communism there is a government and also a ruler. No one is free to take their own decisions according to their own aspirations.

Anarchists believe that people will benefit more without any government. Anarchism is a concept where people think in self-governance and they are opposed to the concept of state and consider it to be oppressive. Anarchism believes in revolutions that could lead to a stateless society. Communism, which also stand for a class less and state less society but they presuppose the conservation of the state.

When communism believes in common ownership, Anarchism believes in individual ownership. In communism the society is considered to be above the individual. However, in Anarchism, it is the individual who is considered to be having an upper hand over the society. While the communists believe in a society, which considers every one equal, the anarchists think the opposite.

Communism thinks that the society or the community is the sole owner of the resources. On the other hand, Anarchists believe that the ownership of production is the sole authority of an individual.

When the profit is equally divided in communism, it is the individual who has the right to any profit. Communism also believes in equal share of work but in Anarchism, it pertains to individual persons.

In communism, the whole community works in a common field. Well, in anarchism every individual is working in his own field.

Summary:
1. In Anarchism, there is no rule or government or a ruler. Every one is free to take their own decisions according to their wishes. In communism no one is free to take their own decisions according to their own aspirations.
2. Anarchism believes in revolutions that could lead to a stateless society. Communism, which also stand for a class less and state less society but they presuppose the conservation of the state.
3. When communism believes in common ownership, Anarchism believes in individual ownership.
4. In communism the society is considered to be above the individual. However, in Anarchism, it is the individual who is considered to be having an upper hand over the society.


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11 Comments

  1. this is entirely based on the soviet unions practice of state socialism and the misconception of the meaning of anarchism as a political ideology.

    Please actuallty do some reading on the thoughts of communist and anarchist thinkers like MArx and Bakunin.

  2. I would say that the essential thread of communism is a classless society where there is no money, the means of production are commonly owned, there is no private property and everyone contributes products and services to a collective storehouse from which everyone is free to forage when needed From each according to his ability to each according to his need. Communism encompasses a variety of sub-movements, some anarchist, some not.

    Anarchism is the general skepticism of any kinds of authority, whether they are private tyrannies, oppressive governments or some such thing. Anarchism mandates that these authorities either justify their existence or be dismantled. That is about the only common motif that runs through out all anarchist-based sociopolitical movements. Anarchism has its own “political spectrum”, with individualist anarcho-capitalism and right libertarianism on the far right, and movements such as anarcho-communism, collectivist anarchism, left libertarianism et al. on the far left.

    That is the difference as far as I see it.

  3. Uh, except for those communists who are anarchists, and those anarchists who are communists – like Kropotkin and Goldman, not to mention the whole contemporary libcom.org folks today.

    Communism is a form of social organization – a way to embody the values of socialism, so anarchists (non-state socialists) can be communists or syndicalists or agorists/mutualists, or another mode of organization.

  4. Whoever wrote this has very little comprehension of either system and absolutely no concept of what anarchism is whatsoever. Apparently there has been no attempt to research it.

    Anarchism is not “chaos” nor is it the promotion of a system that leads to chaos. The nuances can get pretty complicated, but in very simplified terms anarchism is the belief in a society which is not governed by a state. The reason is pretty much that when one person or organization has power over others, there is necessarily injustice. One group governs another simply because they have the means of forcing others to comply (police, prisons, weapons, military). The governors have economic privilege and are not bound by the law to the same extent as the governed. The people always eventually lose what say they may have had in the decision-making processes, and policies develop against their interests. Violence, war, oppression, and economic inequality ensue.

    Don’t be misled into thinking it is simply the negation of the current establishments. Anarchism posits a number of alternative methods to social/political/economic organization, all of which (as far as I know) are centered on DEMOCRACY (self-rule by the people). As stated in the comments above, there are different ideologies within anarchism. There are conservative anarchists and liberal anarchists. Captialist and socialist anarchists. Due to the stateless and democratic nature of an anarchy, it is (conceivably) possible for all of these systems to exist simultaneously (though perhaps separately). I’m sure some would disagree, and perhaps have valid points.

    Ignore the above article. It is altogether misinformed.

  5. I agree with the above commenters. This is horrible. The author has no idea of what anarchism is. “Anarchism believes in individual ownership.” Where the hell did they get that from? Anarchism is explicitly anti-capitalist, as capitalist property relations depend on coercion.

  6. I think the above two comments dont actually know what Anarchy is.
    Anarchy in simple form means chaos. The term Chaos is always seen negatively, but Anarchist see it possitively. Chaos is the lack of unity, essentially. That is also what Anarchy is, the person is in control of himself and no one else, nobody is above the person and the person is above no one.
    Communism is the community, all people working together for one another, instead of for themselves. This is where the misconception takes place. You can be a person for the people as an Anarchist, anarchistic communist, but a community can not be for a person, a communistic anarchist.

    • “Anarchy in simple form means chaos. The term Chaos is always seen negatively, but Anarchist see it possitively.”

      No. Anarchy does NOT mean “chaos” –
      ἀναρχία (anarkhiā), from ἀν- (an-, “not”), + ἀρχή (arkhē, “power, authority”).

      Absence of authority does NOT mean or imply absence of order.

      And anarchists do NOT “see chaos positively”, they see self-organization positively. Self-organization only appears as chaos from the standpoint of a power wishing to impose another order.

      • I think ‘Anarchy’ means two different things, and the article mixes them up:

        1.A state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority. (in other words, chaos)

        2.Absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal. (what the article should have been talking about)

  7. Doesn’t Anarchism seem sort of Capitalist and Opportunistic when compared to Communism?

    • “Doesn’t Anarchism seem sort of Capitalist and Opportunistic when compared to Communism?”

      Not at all. Read the people cited above. Communism *is* anarchism, whether set in practice by the immediate abolition of the state (Kropotkin, Bakunin, Goldman), or through the eventual withering away of the state as its class function becomes obsolete and disappears (Marx).

      There is nothing anarchistic about capitalism, since capitalism is built on wage labor, and thus requires hierarchy and inequality to function.

  8. This article is wrong in almost every way that it is possible to be wrong in.

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