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Difference Between Lutheran and Baptist

Lutheran vs Baptist

The Christian community, though centered in salvation through Jesus Christ, has been divided into sub-sects, with some differences in their teachings, dogma and ceremonial celebrations. Two of the most commonly misconstrued sects would be the Lutheran and the Baptist Churches. As mentioned, both religions believe in and worship the same God, refer to the same Bible and hold communal gatherings to celebrate their faith. The principal dissimilarity is their dogmas and preaching/teaching methods. There are differences in their ceremonies, too, particularly in the manner in which Holy Communion is administered and the over-all formality of the worship service. The following comparison would affirm that Lutherans are more sacramentarian in theology and worship, while the Baptists are best described as experiential and commemorative.

The Lutheran Church or Lutheranism is founded on the theology of Martin Luther during the 16th century. Its initial purpose is to reform Christianity with the teaching of justification by grace through faith alone. They believe that humans are saved from their sins by God’s grace alone (Sola Gratia), through faith alone (Sola Fide). Orthodox Lutheran theology holds that God made the world, including humanity, perfect, holy and sinless. For Lutherans, original sin is the “chief sin, a root and fountainhead of all actual sins.’ By God’s grace, made known and effective in the person and work of Jesus Christ, a person is forgiven and given eternal salvation. Faith receives the gift of salvation rather than causes salvation. Lutherans also believe in the Holy Trinity, wherein the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son. As far as the Sacraments are concerned, they value these as means of grace working towards sanctification and justification. Baptism for Lutherans is a means of grace and the mode of application is not important, but is usually delivered by the sprinkling of water. There is no proper age for baptism and the only necessities for a valid baptism are “water and the Word.’ In Holy Communion, they believe that bread and wine actually are the body and blood of Christ. They are accustomed to using real wine instead of substitutes or just bread alone. In addition, their communal celebration strictly follows the order of Mass and is usually observed with many “rituals” and sung liturgies.

The Baptist Church, on the other hand, can be traced back to 1609 with the initiatives of English Separatist, John Smyth. One of the sect’s primary campaigns is to reject baptism of infants and instead, institute it only in believing adults. Salvation for Baptists is through faith alone and they recognize Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice. Baptists believe that faith is a matter between God and the individual (religious freedom). To them it means the advocacy of absolute liberty of conscience. Their dogma could be summed up through an acrostic acronym of BAPTIST. B- Biblical authority, A- autonomy of the local church, P- priesthood of all believers, T- two ordinances: believer’s baptisms and the Lord’s Supper, I ‘“ individual soul liberty, S- separation of Church and State, and T- two offices of the church: pastor-elder and deacon. In contrast to Lutheran belief, Baptists view Baptism as a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the acceptance of Christ as a personal Savior. It is administered by full immersion as symbolic of the total washing away of sins. Only persons of an age to decide this for themselves and make a personal decision can be considered saved, thus the term believer’s baptism. In Holy Communion, they regard the bread and wine only as a symbolic representation of the body and blood. Substitutes are therefore acceptable; grape juice instead of wine, for instance. Their worship services, however, are less formal and more interactive than that of Lutheran services.

1) Both Lutheran and Baptist churches believe in the same God, pertain to the same Bible and hold communal gatherings.

2) Lutherans believe in the teaching of justification by faith alone just like Baptists.

3) In contrast to Lutheran belief, Baptists view Baptism as a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the acceptance of Christ as a personal Savior.

4) For Lutherans, there is no proper age to be baptized. For Baptists, the person has to be of age.

5) In Baptism, bread and wine are considered as symbolic representations of the body and blood. On the other hand, in Lutheran, these are known as the body and blood of Christ.

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  1. I am baptist and their is no required age to be baptised and if you’re no baptised it does not mean you’re not saved it just shows that you have been saved you don’t have to be baptised to be saved, but most of everything else is accurate.

    • What it means is that they don’t(at least typically) dp infant baptisms. Baptists have no age requirement except that you must be old enough to understand

    • If you believe in the phony trinity Lie! You are lost! Have you never read john14:1-7 john10:30 1 John:5:20-21 kjv he is antichrist that denith the Father and Son .
      And that is what the trinity does denies that the Father and Son are one!

      • Sometimes lack of information causes these statements. May I suggest prayer to The Father, being saved via Acknowledgement of The Only Begotten Sons death burial and resurrection and being led into all truth By The Holy Spirit (The Comforter)

        May God Bless and keep you

      • I’m Roman Apostolic Catholic not Protestant we are Catholic meaning Christian from the primative Church the only church found by Jesus. Trinity is three different person meaning 1st person “God Father Yahveh”, 2nd Jesus Christ the song, 3rd person or God of the holy trinity is “The Holy Spirit “.!! We’re holders of the original bible as well, the complete one because Baptist and Protestants bible are missing 7 books that is they are incomplete adulterous bibles

        • Your church was started by Peter, not Jesus, and your beliefs have been corrupted by popes throughout the centuries. Indulgences, purgatory, saying prayers to atone for your sins… disgusting. There is one way to God and that is through faith alone…there is nothing that you can do, it’s something already done for you.

        • Catholic Church is founded by pagans. They incorporated all the teachings from different religions.
          Please do a research. Pray to Jesus, Almighty God and ask the Holy Spirit for guidance so that you will know the truth.
          Read the Bible on your own and seek God.
          Jesus loves you so much He have His life for us.

        • False. I converted three years ago to Catholicism. The religion was created by a Roman empor who killed his wife and son. After reading, I had to repent for being associated with the devil’s church. The Catholic Church destroyed the children of God. Nothing in the bible matches the Catholic church. My education and daily prayers have freed me. However, I understand where you are coming from. Scare the member’s, keep the loyal. Satan is an interesting character.

      • You do not understand Trinitarian Theology. Please read the Athanasian Creed. You might want to have a dictionary on hand so you can understand the terms.

      • Lutherans believe in the Trinity. The Father is God . Jesus is God . The Holy Spirit is God. There is one God not three Gods. If you could find a copy of” The Athanasian Creed” that would be the most accurate statement of our Faith. It’s 40 verses long and exactly states out believe about the Trinity

      • 1 John 5:7 KJV

      • No it doesn’t! Read John 16:7-15 Counselor is capitalized. Spirit of truth-capitalized. He will not speak on his own but only what he hears from God vs. 13. He will bring glory to Jesus vs.14.

        • The oldest mss that we have do not contain capital letters, periods, commas or other kinds of punctuation. Those punctuation marks were added by translators…

      • Oneness doctrine and Trinitarian doctrine are two groups saying the same thing in very different ways. As a result, division ensues. As a believer in The One Triune God I was faced with explaining this theology to my children when they were small. They wondered how is there one God, but three? I gave them an analogy that was relatable to them personally.
        I explained that I am a daughter, a wife, and a mother and yet I am one person.
        So is God our Creator, The Savior/Son , and Holy Spirit and yet He is One God.
        He is Amazing! >

      • John 14:8-9 defend the position of the trinity!!! When Jesus is asked by Philip to “show us the father,” Jesus responded “do you not know me?” As in Jesus and the father are one.

      • This is old but no it does not . The trinity means three in one. It says the Father Son and Holy Spirit are one. Not 3 separate. (Baptist)

    • If you don’t know him you you don’t have eternal life! John14:1-7 john10:30 1 John:5:20-21 the trinity is a lie! And he is antichrist that denith the Father and Son. and that is what the trinity does denies that the Father and Son are one!

      • None of those scriptures talk about the trinity being a lie. Quite the contrary.

      • “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.” – 1john 5:7 kjv

      • You’re quoting scripture that in which the Holy Sprit hasn’t been sent yet. Jesus is still alive in all of those verses you quoted. In John 14 if you read a little further you see how Christ promises to leave them a Helper (The Holy Spirit). To guide them and teach them. The trinity isn’t false at all. I think someone has confused you a bit. Read John 17 and chapters there after because you are just taking scripture and twisting it in a bad way.

  2. “Baptists view Baptism as a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the acceptance of Christ as a personal Savior. It is administered by full immersion as symbolic of the total washing away of sins.”

    It is administered by full immersion as an outward expression of faith, the first step of obedience after salvation, symbolizing the likeness of Jesus Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection as the believer dies to their old ways and rises again to live a life following Jesus Christ.

    Romans 6:3-4 “3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
    4Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.”

    – Independant Fundamental Baptist

    • Where does it say “symbolically” buried and raised? Baptism is not symbolic. God does something to us in Baptism. Jesus said unless a man be born of water and of spirit he cannot enter the Kingdom of God. Peter said repent and be baptisied…for the remission of sin. Etc etc.

    • Kelly, very clearly, thoroughly and ACCURATELY put.

  3. It bears to be said that all one has to do is believe in God and his Word. One cannot pick and choose what scriptures they like or take scripture out of context and pretend it says what they want.

    Believe in the Trinity because the Bible teaches us to. Believe in the totally inerrant Word of God. It is not through ritualistic acts that we are saved. We are saved by faith any the grace of God, our Father.

    Mencing words does not make one better than the other. The truth is laid out in God’s Word. Believe in God and believe in his Word.

  4. Thank you for this explanation. I was raised Baptist however for the past 20 years resided in an area where I attended a wonderful Bible-believing, Christ-following, Triune-God-revering church that did not refer to itself as any particular denomination yet it’s core beliefs lean toward the Baptist religion. Two years ago I moved to an area where a church any likeness to this church is a distance. I can enjoy my favorite church via internet however, God has commanded we worship among believers therefore I must find a church to attend. I am considering a local Lutheran church and while I am used to the casual style of the Baptist practice I think I can appreciate the ceremonial and formal style of the Lutheran religion with the foundation I have developed as a Baptist. We’ll see. In the end, God judges our heart and we are to believe and trust His Word and accept Jesus Christ as our Savior. We are not saved by our works or what religion we practice. Religion is ultimately man-made; relationship is God-made. That said, if we do not obediently engage with God’s Word (read, hear, obey) regularly, practice fellowship with with Jesus and His followers, our lives will not experience God’s best desire for us. Many blessings!

    • Religion is not man made. God instituted the Temple Worship system. Baptist today would claim that worship style is to “heady” and too Catholic and would reject it as a work of man. So sad.

  5. Iisting to BBNBI.org (awesome, btw..everyone should enroll…its free)
    Warren Wiersbe in his teaching about prayer points out in his second lecture “have you ever noticed it’s the women in the Bible that have the greatest faith.”
    Kelly, you flat out nailed it and so did the other women on this thread. Bobbie I don’t know if your a male or female but good follow up by you, too.

  6. Michael,

    I am sorry but you are mistaken about the Trinity. The Trinity or Triune Godhead is not something new. If you have ever heard of the Nicene Creed that was written in 325 A.D. it was written in defense of the Trinity. Now 325 A.D. was long before any of the denominations started separating from the original Christian Church’s. The passages that you stated are just as agents your saying as it is for. “Believe in God, believe also in me”, “In my Father’s house”. If you were to look at Mark 1: 9-11, Matthew 3: 13-17, or Luke 3: 21-22 you would find the exact same message from three different points of view one of them being Jesus disciple Matthew that all speak of all three aspects of the Trinity. Jesus coming up out of the water after being baptized, sky’s torn apart and God’s Holy Spirit descending upon him, and God speaking all at the same time. You can try to deny the Trinity all you want but the truth of both the Bible and of history are there look it up.

    • In the beginning God created the heavens and earth. Get. 1:1
      The Hebrew word for God is Elohim which while use in the singular is in fact plural. This the first clue of a tribune God is in the first verse of Genesis.

  7. I find this all interesting,but all of this,like the ceremonies; the blood and body[cannibalism] came from paganism; which is not devil worship. It is the old “Christian” religion[neo-paginism]

  8. I read all this , i believe in the trinity , i am a born again Christian , God sent His son Jesus Christ to die for my sins and Jesus Christ gave me the Holly Spirit of God to teach me , remind me all trueths about God i am blessed i have been saved by grace and not works ,

  9. The enemy causes these quarrels among u. Be of one mind and one body. 1 Corinthians 1 start with verse 10 and move forward.. Christ is head we are the body, we are not the head…. I love you all in Christ…..

    • Thank you John
      I was thinking the same thing. If we believe in the grace of God, have faith, follow his commandments the best we can and repent when we fall short; every thing else is a work in process. GOD is still working on us. Let us pray and Love one another.

    • Exactly right John. It’s upsetting at how the church has broken up and how many on this forum bicker with each other. We are servants of Christ before anything and we should act the part and speak to each other with respect and love. If it were possible, it would be good to understand all the mysteries of God and to help others see the what you believe is the truth. But what good would that do if it doesn’t cause us to act out God’s teachings with kindness. Some Christians are obsessed with details in their theology and arguing with others, but miss the huge log in their eye which is their inability to act as God’s servants.

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