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Difference Between Lutheran and Baptist

Lutheran vs Baptist

The Christian community, though centered in salvation through Jesus Christ, has been divided into sub-sects, with some differences in their teachings, dogma and ceremonial celebrations. Two of the most commonly misconstrued sects would be the Lutheran and the Baptist Churches. As mentioned, both religions believe in and worship the same God, refer to the same Bible and hold communal gatherings to celebrate their faith. The principal dissimilarity is their dogmas and preaching/teaching methods. There are differences in their ceremonies, too, particularly in the manner in which Holy Communion is administered and the over-all formality of the worship service. The following comparison would affirm that Lutherans are more sacramentarian in theology and worship, while the Baptists are best described as experiential and commemorative.

The Lutheran Church or Lutheranism is founded on the theology of Martin Luther during the 16th century. Its initial purpose is to reform Christianity with the teaching of justification by grace through faith alone. They believe that humans are saved from their sins by God’s grace alone (Sola Gratia), through faith alone (Sola Fide). Orthodox Lutheran theology holds that God made the world, including humanity, perfect, holy and sinless. For Lutherans, original sin is the “chief sin, a root and fountainhead of all actual sins.’ By God’s grace, made known and effective in the person and work of Jesus Christ, a person is forgiven and given eternal salvation. Faith receives the gift of salvation rather than causes salvation. Lutherans also believe in the Holy Trinity, wherein the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son. As far as the Sacraments are concerned, they value these as means of grace working towards sanctification and justification. Baptism for Lutherans is a means of grace and the mode of application is not important, but is usually delivered by the sprinkling of water. There is no proper age for baptism and the only necessities for a valid baptism are “water and the Word.’ In Holy Communion, they believe that bread and wine actually are the body and blood of Christ. They are accustomed to using real wine instead of substitutes or just bread alone. In addition, their communal celebration strictly follows the order of Mass and is usually observed with many “rituals” and sung liturgies.

The Baptist Church, on the other hand, can be traced back to 1609 with the initiatives of English Separatist, John Smyth. One of the sect’s primary campaigns is to reject baptism of infants and instead, institute it only in believing adults. Salvation for Baptists is through faith alone and they recognize Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice. Baptists believe that faith is a matter between God and the individual (religious freedom). To them it means the advocacy of absolute liberty of conscience. Their dogma could be summed up through an acrostic acronym of BAPTIST. B- Biblical authority, A- autonomy of the local church, P- priesthood of all believers, T- two ordinances: believer’s baptisms and the Lord’s Supper, I ‘“ individual soul liberty, S- separation of Church and State, and T- two offices of the church: pastor-elder and deacon. In contrast to Lutheran belief, Baptists view Baptism as a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the acceptance of Christ as a personal Savior. It is administered by full immersion as symbolic of the total washing away of sins. Only persons of an age to decide this for themselves and make a personal decision can be considered saved, thus the term believer’s baptism. In Holy Communion, they regard the bread and wine only as a symbolic representation of the body and blood. Substitutes are therefore acceptable; grape juice instead of wine, for instance. Their worship services, however, are less formal and more interactive than that of Lutheran services.

1) Both Lutheran and Baptist churches believe in the same God, pertain to the same Bible and hold communal gatherings.

2) Lutherans believe in the teaching of justification by faith alone just like Baptists.

3) In contrast to Lutheran belief, Baptists view Baptism as a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the acceptance of Christ as a personal Savior.

4) For Lutherans, there is no proper age to be baptized. For Baptists, the person has to be of age.

5) In Baptism, bread and wine are considered as symbolic representations of the body and blood. On the other hand, in Lutheran, these are known as the body and blood of Christ.

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  1. I am baptist and their is no required age to be baptised and if you’re no baptised it does not mean you’re not saved it just shows that you have been saved you don’t have to be baptised to be saved, but most of everything else is accurate.

    • What it means is that they don’t(at least typically) dp infant baptisms. Baptists have no age requirement except that you must be old enough to understand

    • If you believe in the phony trinity Lie! You are lost! Have you never read john14:1-7 john10:30 1 John:5:20-21 kjv he is antichrist that denith the Father and Son .
      And that is what the trinity does denies that the Father and Son are one!

      • Sometimes lack of information causes these statements. May I suggest prayer to The Father, being saved via Acknowledgement of The Only Begotten Sons death burial and resurrection and being led into all truth By The Holy Spirit (The Comforter)

        May God Bless and keep you

    • If you don’t know him you you don’t have eternal life! John14:1-7 john10:30 1 John:5:20-21 the trinity is a lie! And he is antichrist that denith the Father and Son. and that is what the trinity does denies that the Father and Son are one!

  2. “Baptists view Baptism as a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the acceptance of Christ as a personal Savior. It is administered by full immersion as symbolic of the total washing away of sins.”

    It is administered by full immersion as an outward expression of faith, the first step of obedience after salvation, symbolizing the likeness of Jesus Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection as the believer dies to their old ways and rises again to live a life following Jesus Christ.

    Romans 6:3-4 “3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
    4Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.”

    – Independant Fundamental Baptist

  3. It bears to be said that all one has to do is believe in God and his Word. One cannot pick and choose what scriptures they like or take scripture out of context and pretend it says what they want.

    Believe in the Trinity because the Bible teaches us to. Believe in the totally inerrant Word of God. It is not through ritualistic acts that we are saved. We are saved by faith any the grace of God, our Father.

    Mencing words does not make one better than the other. The truth is laid out in God’s Word. Believe in God and believe in his Word.

  4. Thank you for this explanation. I was raised Baptist however for the past 20 years resided in an area where I attended a wonderful Bible-believing, Christ-following, Triune-God-revering church that did not refer to itself as any particular denomination yet it’s core beliefs lean toward the Baptist religion. Two years ago I moved to an area where a church any likeness to this church is a distance. I can enjoy my favorite church via internet however, God has commanded we worship among believers therefore I must find a church to attend. I am considering a local Lutheran church and while I am used to the casual style of the Baptist practice I think I can appreciate the ceremonial and formal style of the Lutheran religion with the foundation I have developed as a Baptist. We’ll see. In the end, God judges our heart and we are to believe and trust His Word and accept Jesus Christ as our Savior. We are not saved by our works or what religion we practice. Religion is ultimately man-made; relationship is God-made. That said, if we do not obediently engage with God’s Word (read, hear, obey) regularly, practice fellowship with with Jesus and His followers, our lives will not experience God’s best desire for us. Many blessings!

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