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Difference Between Observation and Inference

observationObservation vs Inference

Observation can be called as the process of gathering data and inference can be said to be a process of taking decisions about the gathered data.

While Observation can be said to be a factual description, inference is an explanation to the collected data. While observation is careful watching of things around, inference is the conclusion drawn out of the careful watching.

While observation is what one see, inference is an assumption of what one has seen. Inference is only a guess that is drawn from the observation that one has made.

Let us discuss what observation is. Observation can be termed as a close watch of the world around you through the senses. Observation is a footboard to inference. It gives material for inference. Observation can differ from one individual to another. It is always influenced by an individual’s knowledge, experience and his attitude. One of the main aspects of observation is attention. The more one is attentive, the better the inference can be. It is not that an observer should just have eye to observe things but he should have a keen eye to make observations.

Now coming to inference, it is based entirely on observation. Inference is the conclusion drawn out of keen observation. Inference can be termed as an interpretation of facts that has been observed. Well, one can make a valid inference only if there is enough data or evidence. Inference can help in evaluating the various circumstances and take good decisions.

Well, Inference is an assumption made from observation. Observation and inference are interrelated and they will not stand alone. Without observation, there is no inference and after observation, there should be some inference.

Summary

1. Observation is what one see, inference is an assumption of what one has seen.

2. Observation can be said to be a factual description, inference is an explanation to the collected data.

3. Observation can be termed as a close watch of the world around you through the senses. Inference can be termed as an interpretation of facts that has been observed.

4. Inference is an assumption made from observation.

5. Without observation, there is no inference and after observation, there should be some inference.

6. Observation can be called as the process of gathering data and inference can be said to be a process of taking decisions about the gathered data.


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