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Difference Between EBIT and PBIT


In accounting and finance, EBIT and PBIT are used as a measure of a firm’s profitability that excludes interest and income tax expenses. EBIT is an acronym for Earnings Before Interest and Taxes while PBIT, Profit Before Interest and Taxes. Noticeably, there’s a significant deal of similarities between the nature of EBIT and PBIT. Come to think of it superficially, the only difference would be the first letter of their respective acronyms. But one must note that what these first letters stand for, namely earnings and profit are not merely synonyms. There’s in fact a noteworthy difference between them. And it is but necessary to cite these before proceeding with the determining the dissimilarities between EBIT and PBIT.

In business terms, earnings (also called revenues) pertain to the money a company collects. Profit, on the other hand, is the money left after all expenses are paid. For most enterprises, expenses must be paid out of revenue. The remainder after all incurred manufacturing or delivery costs will be the profit. Given these definitions, there’ll therefore be a variation in computing EBIT and PBIT. In accounting and finance, EBIT is equal to Operating Revenue ‘“ Operating Expenses (OPEX) + Non-operating Income. PBIT is equal to Net profit + Interest + Taxes.

EBIT or operating income is a measure of a firm’s profitability that excludes interest and income tax expenses. The larger the EBIT value, the more profitable the company is likely to be. Operating income is operating revenues minus operating expenses, but it is also used as a replacement for EBIT and operating profit, specifically applicable to a firm that has no non-operating income. EBIT is derived by subtracting expenses, commonly comprised of the cost of goods sold, selling and administrative expenses, from revenues. Simply put, EBIT evaluates a company’s earning potential and serves as a crucial consideration in changing the capital structure of business. It is also commonly used by investors to compare companies, identifying the most profitable company in terms of the efficiency of its operation. However, it’s not recommended to use EBIT to appraise an individual company’s profitability. Even supposing a profoundly leveraged business may appear profitable using EBIT, it may in fact be at the losing end once interest on its significant debt load is taken into consideration. Taxation can also pull a company’s profitability significantly. Basing the evaluation solely on EBIT may conceal the fact that a seemingly promising company is, in actuality, a poor investment choice.

PBIT, also interchanged with operating income, likewise measures an enterprise’s profitability by subtracting operating expenses from revenue excluding tax and interest. Furthermore, PBIT is also known as operating income, operating profit or even operating earnings. In most cases, investors take note PBIT when viewing income statement. Some confuse it with gross profit. To clarify this misconception, it is important to note that in PBIT, revenue is deducted with operating expenses ( OPEX ) excluding interest and taxes. While in gross profit, revenue is deducted with only one component of the OPEX which is cost of goods sold (COGS ). PBIT is mostly used by creditors to screen companies with minimal depreciation and amortization activities, since it represents the amount of cash that the companies can earn to pay off creditors.

1) Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) and Profit Before Interest and Taxes (PBIT) both measure of a firm’s profitability that excludes interest and income tax expenses.
2) EBIT = Operating Revenue ‘“ Operating Expenses (OPEX) + Non-operating Income. PBIT is equal to Net profit + Interest + Taxes.
3) EBIT is mostly used to evaluate a company’s profitability in comparison to others. PBIT is frequently used by creditors to measure a company’s earning and paying capacity.

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