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Difference Between Criminal Justice and Criminology

Criminal Justice vs Criminology

Most of the people do not find any differences between criminal justice and criminology. Though they are related to each other, they are totally different.

“Criminal justice” is a broader term that relates to the study of policing, courts, and other applications. Criminology can be said to be a social or behavioral science that deals with criminal behavior.

Criminal justice covers various topics such as: procedures related to investigations, evidence gathering, making arrests, leveling charges, raising defenses, conducting trials, pronouncing sentences, and carrying out the punishments. This definition has been given by the U.S. Legal, Inc.
“Criminology” is a term that refers to the scientific study of a crime and criminal behavior.
People who pursue criminal justice careers may look for jobs such as: program evaluator, law enforcement officer, investigator, crime scene technician, probation officer, correctional officer, customs agent, court administrator, and private security guard.

Criminology mainly deals with the research of crimes. People who purse criminology careers can look for various jobs like: Crime Management officer, community worker, and Drug Enforcement agent. A criminologist may be hired by NGOs, research organizations, detective agencies, and private security agencies.

While criminology makes use of scientific methods to study a crime, criminal justice makes use of the law in dealing with a crime. While criminology is practiced in laboratories, social settings, and research facilities, criminal justice is practiced only in courts.

A criminal justice practitioner will focus mainly on the administration of the judicial system whereas a criminologist will focus mainly on the study of crime and also the motivating factors related to crime.

Summary:

1.Criminal justice is a broader term that relates to the study of policing, courts, and other applications. Criminology can be said to be a social or behavioral science that deals with criminal behavior.
2.A criminal justice practitioner will focus mainly on the administration of the judicial system whereas a criminologist will focus mainly on the study of crime and also the motivating factors related to crime.
3.“Criminology” is a term that refers to the scientific study of a crime and criminal behavior.
4.Criminal justice covers various topics such as: procedures related to investigation, evidence gathering, making arrests, leveling charges, raising defenses, conducting trials, pronouncing sentences, and carrying out the punishments.
5.While criminology is practiced in laboratories, social settings, and research facilities, criminal justice is practiced only in courts.


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