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Difference Between Arab and Berber

Arab vs Berber 

Berbers and Arabs are two racial groups living in close proximity. Both groups have their own distinct culture and tradition.

Like many racial groups, identification and membership or “becoming” an Arab or Berber is defined by many standards. These standards include: genealogy, language, traditions, culture, heritage, and history. In addition, both racial groups are not homogenous nor do they belong to one group identity.

Berbers are the indigenous people of North Africa. As a racial group, they reside primarily in North Africa while most Arabs live in the Middle East and parts of North Africa.

Both groups have different languages. The Berber language belongs to the Afro-Asiatic family of languages while the Arabic language is from the same family.

Berbers and Arabs have major and minor settlements in different countries. For the Berbers, they are the dominant race group in Morocco. In addition, there are Berber settlements in Algeria, Tunisia, Canary Islands, Libya, and Egypt. On the other hand, Arabs are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, other parts of Asia, and North Africa.

Berbers and Arabs also differ in their appearance. Many Berbers have European features like red or blonde hair. In addition, some might have blue or green eyes. These features are common due to the Europeans who came to North Africa as prisoners or slaves. On the other hand, Arabs predominantly have brown skin, brown or black eyes, and black hair.

One common denominator between Berbers and Arabs is faith. The majority of Berbers are Muslims, but their faith is mixed with traditional practices. They are mostly Sunni Muslims. Arabs are also Muslims. They are generally classified as Sunni or Shia depending on the country, area, and the disposition of the person.

Many Berber settlements are usually located in rural areas, the countryside, or the mountains. These settlements were formed due to foreign invasions, including the Arab conquests in North Africa. Meanwhile, Arab settlements are located mainly in Asia, particularly in the Middle East. Most Arabs live in cities and urban areas.

Many Berbers are treated like second-class citizens as they are usually perceived as peasants. In addition, the Arab conquests did not help but isolate them further into their current settlements. Arabs, on the other hand, are perceived to be nomads but now are considered urban people.

Summary:

  1. Arabs and Berbers are two racial groups. Berbers are the indigenous people of North Africa while Arabs are native to the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. Despite living on different continents, Berbers and Arabs live near each other since Asia and Africa have a landform that connects one to another.
  2. Both groups have their own language. The Berber language is a part of the Afro-Asiatic linguistic family. The Arabian language is also a member of this language family.
  3. The largest settlement of Berbers is in Morocco while the Middle East is the hub of Arabs.  In terms of size, Arabs live in large urban settlements. On the other hand, Berbers live in small settlements in rural places, countrysides, and mountains.
  4. Berbers have distinct European features like blonde and red hair as well as blue and green eyes. On the other hand, Arabs are more Asian in appearance with black hair, brown or black eyes, and brown skin.
  5. Berbers are accustomed to foreign invaders like Europeans and Arabs. Meanwhile, Arabs are known to be conquerors due to their trade and the promulgation of the Muslim faith.
  6. The majority of Berbers and Arabs are Muslims. Berber Muslims practice Islam with a bit of their traditional practices. They are mostly Sunni. Meanwhile, Arabs can be Sunni or Shia depending on the area they live in.

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5 Comments

  1. Berber’s only make up 1/3 of the moroccan people….

  2. there is such a huge different between arabs and berbers, its more then just what you wrote.

  3. All what you say it’s false , it’s just derived from pan-arabiste , berber in Morocco are in the top of the rich person in Morocco and they’re the majority more than 65% there is the arabized berber who talk morrocan dialect and the other who still talk the berber language (tifanagh) and the tifanagh language is officiel in Moroccan Constitution, they don’t live only in montains and rurals , they exist Zenates they lived in history next to beach , chaoui ppl … the one who live in mountains it’s the one who’re agriculture , or the one who have a troups , the economic capital of Morocco is full of them and how can you explain that 90% of moroccan cities have berber name ??

  4. berber features from the mountains have a light skin and are beasts

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